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Innovation Management


Innovation management is the discipline of managing processes in innovation. It can be used to develop both product and organizational innovation. Without proper processes, it is not possible for R&D to be efficient; innovation management includes a set of tools that allow managers and engineers to cooperate with a common understanding of goals and processes. The focus of innovation management is to allow the organization to respond to an external or internal opportunity, and use its creative efforts to introduce new ideas, processes or products.

 
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Predicting East African Spring Droughts Using Pacific and Indian O...

By: A. Hoell; S. Shukla; I. Bladé; F. R. Robertson; B. Liebmann; C. Funk; G. Husak; J. B. Roberts

Description: US Geological Survey, Santa Barbara, USA. In southern Ethiopia, Eastern Kenya, and southern Somalia, poor boreal spring rains in 1999, 2000, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2011 contributed to severe food insecurity and high levels of malnutrition. Predicting rainfall deficits in this region on seasonal and decadal time frames can help decision makers implement disaster risk reduction measures while guiding climate-smart adaptation and agricultural d...

Adler, R. F., Huffman, G. J., Chang, A., Ferraro, R., Xie, P., Janowiak, J., Rudolf, B., Schneider, U., Curtis, S., Bolvin, D., Gruber, A., Susskind, J., and Arkin, P.: The version 2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) monthly precipitation analysis (1979–present), J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 1147–1167, 2003.; Cook, K. H. and Vizy, E. K.: Projected changes in East African rainy seasons, J. Climate, 26, 5931–5948, ...

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Negative Trade-off Between Changes in Vegetation Water Use and Inf...

By: M. W. Lubczynski; C. P. Ghimire; L. A. Bruijnzeel; M. Bonell

Description: Critical Zone Hydrology Group, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. This work investigates the trade-off between increases in vegetation water use and rain water infiltration afforded by soil improvement after reforesting severely degraded grassland in the Lesser Himalaya of Central Nepal. The hillslope hydrological functioning (surface- and sub-soil hydraulic conductivities and overland flow generation) an...

Alegre, J. C. and Cassel, D. K.: Dynamics of soil physical properties under alternate systems to slash-and-burn, Agr. Ecosyst. Environ., 58, 39–48, 1996.; Allen, R. G., Pereira, L. S., Raes, D., and Smith, M.: Crop evapotranspiration – Guidelines for computing crop water requirements, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, 1998.; Alvarado-Barrientos, M. S., Hernandez-Santana, V., and Asbjornsen, H.: Variability of the radial profile of sap velocity in

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A Pan-african Flood Forecasting System : Volume 11, Issue 5 (27/05...

By: B. Bisselink; J. Thielen; F. Pappenberger; V. Thiemig

Description: Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy. The African Flood Forecasting System (AFFS) is a probabilistic flood forecast system for medium- to large-scale African river basins, with lead times of up to 15 days. The key components are the hydrological model LISFLOOD, the African GIS database, the meteorological ensemble predictions of the ECMWF and critical hydrological thresholds. In this paper the predicti...

Alfieri, L., Thielen, J., and Pappenberger, F.: Ensemble hydro-meteorological simulation for flash flood early detection in southern Switzerland, J. Hydrol., 424–425, 143–153, 2012.; Arheimer, B., Lindström, G., and Olsson, J.: A systematic review of sensitivities in the Swedish flood-forecasting system, Atmos. Res., 100, 275–284, 2011.; Bakker, M. H. N.: Transboundary river floods: examining countries, international river basins and continents, Water Pol., 11, 269–288, ...

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Definition of Efficient Scarcity-based Water Pricing Policies Thro...

By: M. Pulido-velazquez; A. Tilmant; H. MacIan-sorribes

Description: Research Institute of Water and Environmental Engineering (IIAMA), Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, Spain. Finding ways to improve the efficiency in water usage is one of the most important challenges in integrated water resources management. One of the most promising solutions is the use of scarcity-based pricing policies. This contribution presents a procedure to design efficient pricing policies based on the opportunity cost of wat...

Griffin, R. C.: Effective water pricing, Journal of American Water Resources Association, 37, 1335–1347, 2001.; Griffin, R. C.: Water Resource Economics: The Analysis of Scarcity, Policies, and Projects, The MIT Press, Cambridge, USA, 402 pp., 2006.; Alvarez-Mendiola, E.: Diseño de una política eficiente de precios del agua integrando costes de oportunidad del recurso a escala de cuenca, Ph.D. dissertation, Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, Spain, 2012 (in S...

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A Modelling Approach to Assess the Hydrological Response of Small ...

By: S. Anquetin; P. Viallet; J.-p. Vandervaere; E. Gaume; J.-d. Creutin; C. Manus; I. Braud

Description: LTHE, Université de Grenoble, UMR5564(CNRS, UJF, INPG, IRD), Grenoble, Cedex, France. This paper presents a modeling study aiming at quantifying the possible impact of soil characteristics on the hydrological response of small ungauged catchments in a context of extreme events. The study focuses on the September 2002 event in the Gard region (South-Eastern France), which led to catastrophic flash-floods. The proposed modeling approach is able to take into...

Ayral, P. A.: Contribution à la spatialisation du modèle opérationnel de prévision des crues éclair ALHTAIR: approche spatiale et expérimentale: applicaton au bassin versant du Gardon d'Anduze, Ph.D. Thesis, Université de Provence, Aix-Marseille, France, 311 pp., 2005 (in French).; Ayral, P. A., Sauvagnargues-Lesage, S., and Bressand, F.: Contribution à la spatialisation du modèle opérationnel de prévision des crues éclair Altha\ır, Etudes de Géographie Physique, 32, 75–...

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The Benefit of High-resolution Operational Weather Forecasts for F...

By: J. Thielen; S. Anquetin; J. Younis

Description: Institute for Environment and Sustainability, European Commission DG Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy. In Mediterranean Europe, flash flooding is one of the most devastating hazards in terms of human life loss and infrastructures. Over the last two decades, flash floods brought losses of a billion Euros of damage in France alone. One of the problems of flash floods is that warning times are very short, leaving typically only a few hours for civil prot...

Anquetin, S., Creutin, J. D., Delrieu, G., Ducrocq, V., Gaume, E., and Ruin, L.:Increasing the forecasting lead-time of Weather driven Flash-floods, Joint Research Center, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, H01/812/02/D9056/AG/ct, 33 pp., 2004.; Anquetin, S., Yates, E., Ducrocq, V., Samouillan, S., Chancibault, K., Gozzini, B., Pasi, F., Pasqui, M., Garcia, M., Martorell, M., Romero, R., Silvio, D., Accadia, C., Casaidi, M., Mariani, S., Ficca, G., Chesa, P.: ...

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Applying a Time-lapse Camera Network to Observe Snow Processes in ...

By: J. Garvelmann; S. Pohl; M. Weiler

Description: Institute of Hydrology, Freiburg, Germany. A network of 45 spatially distributed time-lapse cameras was used to carry out a continuous observation of snow processes and snow cover properties throughout three mid-latitude medium elevation mountain catchments in hourly intervals. A simple technical modification was conducted to enable the deployment of the standard digital cameras in any location. Image analysis software was applied to extract informat...

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Do Probabilistic Forecasts Lead to Better Decisions? : Volume 9, I...

By: S. J. Van Andel; F. Pappenberger; M. H. Ramos

Description: Irstea (formerly Cemagref), Hydrology Group, UR HBAN, Antony, France. The last decade has seen growing research in producing probabilistic hydro-meteorological forecasts and increasing their reliability. This followed the promise that, supplied with information about uncertainty, people would take better risk-based decisions. In recent years, therefore, research and operational developments have also start putting attention to ways of communicating t...

Addor, N., Jaun, S., Fundel, F., and Zappa, M.: An operational hydrological ensemble prediction system for the city of Zurich (Switzerland): skill, case studies and scenarios, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 2327–2347, doi:10.5194/hess-15-2327-2011, 2011.; Bogner, K. and Pappenberger, F.: Multiscale error analysis, correction, and predictive uncertainty estimation in a flood forecasting system, Water Resour. Res., 47,...

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Web 2.0 Collaboration Tools to Support Student Research in Hydrolo...

By: B. Gersonius; M. Radhakrishnan; A. Pathirana

Description: UNESCO-IHE Institute for water Education, Delft, The Netherlands. A growing body of evidence suggests that it is unwise to make the a-priori assumption that university students are ready and eager to embrace modern online technologies employed to enhance the educational experience. We present an opinion on employing Wiki, a popular Web 2.0 technology, in small student groups, based on a case-study of using it customized as a personal learning environmen...

Acker, S., Hill, T., and Black, E.: Thesis supervision in the social sciences: Managed or negotiated? Higher Education, Springer Netherlands, 28, 483–498, doi:10.1007/BF01383939, 1994.; Agee, A. S., Yang, C., and the 2009 EDUCAUSE Current Issues Committee: Top-Ten IT Issues, 2009, EDUCAUSE Review, vol. 44, July/August 2009, 44–59, 2009.; Barrett, D.: MediaWiki (Wikipedia and Beyond), O'Reilly Media, 1st Edn., p. 384, 2008....

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Joint Impact of Rainfall and Tidal Level on Flood Risk in a Coasta...

By: K. Xu; C. Ma; J. J. Lian

Description: State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China. Coastal cities are particularly vulnerable to flood under the combined effect of multivariable variables, such as heavy rainfall, high sea level and large waves. For better assessment and management of flood risk the combined effect and joint probability should be considered. This paper aims to study the joint impact of rainfall and tidal...

Adelekan, I. O.: Vulnerability assessment of an urban flood in Nigeria: Abeokuta flood 2007, Nat. Hazards, 56, 215–231, doi:10.1007/s11069-010-9564-z, 2010.; AghaKouchak, A., Bárdossy, A., and Habib, E.: Conditional simulation of remotely sensed rainfall data using a non-Gaussian v-transformed copula, Adv. Water Resour., 33, 624–634, doi:10.1016/j.advw...

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Electrophoretic Deposition of Au Nps on Cnt Networks for Sensitive...

By: F. Palmisano; N. Cioffi; E. Dilonardo; L. Torsi; M. Alvisi; M. Penza; R. Rossi; C. Di Franco; D. Suriano

Description: Department of Chemistry, Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy. In the present study, Au-surfactant core-shell colloidal nanoparticles (NPs) with controlled dimension and composition were synthesized by sacrificial anode electrolysis. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that Au NPs core diameter is between 8 and 12 nm, as a function of the electrosynthesis conditions. Moreover, surface spectroscopic characterization by X-ray ...

Charlier, J.-C.: Defects in Carbon Nanotubes, Acc. Chem. Res., 35, 1063–1069, 2002.; Bondavalli, P., Legagneux, P., and Pribat, D.: Carbon nanotubes basedtransistors as gas sensors: State of the art and critical review, Sensor Actuat. B-Chem., 140, 304–18, 2009.; Brunet, J., Dubois, M., Pauly, A., Spinelle, L., Ndiaye, A., Guérin, K., Varenne, C., Lauron, B.: An innovative gas sensor system designed from a sensitive organic semiconductor downstream a nanocarbonaceous che...

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A Simple Qualitative Approach for Mapping Regional Landslide Susce...

By: N. H. Jensen; L. E. Mortensen; A. Veihe; M.-p. J. Dahl

Description: Department of Environmental, Social and Spatial Change, Roskilde University, Universitetsvej 1, P.O. Box 260, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark. The Faroe Islands in the North Atlantic Ocean are highly susceptible to landslides. Following recent landslide incidents, JarÐfeingi (Faroese Earth and Energy Directorate) has pointed out, that the risk of human lives or of property being lost or affected by landslides may be increasing. This paper aims at presenting and t...

Alcantara-Ayala, I.: Hazard assessment of rainfall-induced landsliding in Mexico, Geomorphology, 61, 19–40, 2004.; Cannon, S. H. and Savage, W. Z.: A mass change model for debris flow, J. Geol., 96, 221–227, 1988.; Ayalew, L. and Yamagishi, H.: The application of GIS-based logistic regression for landslide susceptibility mapping in the Kakuda-Yahiko Mountains, Central Japan, Geomorphology, 65, 15–31, 2005.; Ayalew, L., Yamagishi, H., Marui, H., and Kanno, T.: Landslides ...

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Rheological Investigation and Simulation of a Debris-flow Event in...

By: L. Zini; R. Lapasin; C. Calligaris; M. A. Boniello

Description: Geosciences Department, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy. To set an approach for the future territorial planning, the Geological Survey of Friuli Venezia Giulia Region, through the researchers of Trieste University, started a program of debris-flow risk analysis using Flo-2D software as tool to delimit the hazardous areas. In the present paper, as a case study, a debris flow, called Fella sx, occurring in a torrent catchment was analyzed. The choic...

Ancey, C.: Plasticity and geophysical flows: A review, J. Non-Newton-Fluid, 142, 4–35, 2007.; Arattano, M., Franzi, L., and Marchi, L.: Influence of rheology on debris-flow simulation, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 519–528, 2006.; Borga, M., Boscolo, P., Zanon, F., and Sangati, M.: Hydrometeorological analysis of the August 29, 2003 flash flood in the eastern Italian Alps., J. Hydrometeorology, 8(5), 1049–1067, 2007.; Borga, M., Dalla Fontana, G., and Cazorzi, F.: An...

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Non-interferometric Gb-sar Measurement: Application to the Vallceb...

By: O. Monserrat; J. Corominas; M. Crosetto; G. Luzi; J. A. Gili; J. Moya

Description: Institute of Geomatics, Castelldefels, Barcelona, Spain. In the last decade, ground-based interferometry has proven to be a powerful technique for continuous deformation monitoring of landslides, glaciers, volcanoes, or manmade structures, among others. However, several limitations need to be addressed in order to improve the performances of the technique, especially for long-term monitoring. These limitations include the reduction of measurable points ...

Alba, M., Bernardini, G., Giussani, A., Ricci, P. P., Roncoronia, F., Scaioni, M., Valgoic, P., and Zhangd, K.: Measurement of dam deformations by terrestrial interferometric techniques, International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, 37, Part B1, Beijing (China), 2008.; Antonello, G., Casagli, N., Farina, P., Fortuny, J., Leva, D., Nico, G., Sieber, A. J., and Tarchi, D.: A ground-based interferometer for the safety monitor...

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Risk Evolution: How Can Changes in the Built Environment Influence...

By: T. Glade; M. Papathoma-köhle; B. Schwendtner

Description: University of Vienna, Department of Geography and Regional Research, Vienna, Austria. Alpine areas often suffer significant loss and damage due to a range of natural processes such as landslides, debris flows, snow avalanches or floods. Sealing of the soil surface, settling in endangered areas and enhanced human intervention in the natural settings, as well as socio-economic changes, increase the risk and susceptibility of built environments to natural ...

Akbas, S. O., Blahut, J., and Sterlacchini, S.: Critical assessment of existing physical vulnerability estimation approaches for debris flows, in: Proceedings of landslide processes: from geomorphologic mapping to dynamic modeling, edited by: Malet, J. P., Remaitre, A., and Bogaard, T., Strasburg, 2009.; Autonomous Province of Bolzano: Richtpreisverzeichnis Hochbauarbeiten 2010. Abteilung Hochbau und technischer Dienst, Ressort Bauen, Bozen, South Tyrol, 2010.; Autonomou...

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Landslide Susceptibility Estimation by Random Forests Technique: S...

By: S. Segoni; V. Tofani; D. Lagomarsino; F. Catani

Description: Department of Earth Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. Despite the large number of recent advances and developments in landslide susceptibility mapping (LSM) there is still a lack of studies focusing on specific aspects of LSM model sensitivity. For example, the influence of factors such as the survey scale of the landslide conditioning variables (LCVs), the resolution of the mapping unit (MUR) and the optimal number and ranking of LCVs ...

Akgün, A.: A comparison of landslide susceptibility maps produced by logistic regression, multi-criteria decision and likelihood ratio methods: case study at Izmir, Turkey, Landslides, 9, 93–106, 2012.; Aleotti, P. and Chowdhury, R.: Landslide Hazard Assessment: Summary, Review and New Perspectives, Bull. Eng. Geol. Environ., 58, 21–44, 1999.; Ardizzone, F., Cardinali, M., Carrara, A., Guzzetti, F., and Reichenbach, P.: Impact of mapping errors on the reliability of land...

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Flood Risk Assessment: Concepts, Modelling, Applications : Volume ...

By: G. Tsakiris

Description: Centre for the Assessment of Natural Hazards and Proactive Planning, School of Rural and Surveying Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece. Natural hazards have caused severe consequences to the natural, modified and human systems in the past. These consequences seem to increase with time due to both the higher intensity of the natural phenomena and the higher value of elements at risk. Among the water-related hazards, flood h...

Abderrezzak, K., Paquir, A., and Mignot, E.: Modelling flash flood propagation in urban areas using a two-dimensional numerical model, Nat. Hazards, 50, 433–460, 2008.; AghaKouchak, A., Easterling, D., Hsu, K., Schubert, S., and Sorooshian, S. (Eds.): Extremes in a Changing Climate, 5 Water Science and Technology Library, Vol. 65, Springer, 423 pp., 2013.; Bellos, V. and Tsakiris, G.: Flood modelling in complex urban environments, in: Proceedings of the EWRA Conference, ...

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Assessing Residential Building Values in Spain for Risk Analyses –...

By: F. J. Torrijo; E. Gielen; S. Palencia; I. Cantarino

Description: Departament of Land Engineering, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. This paper proposes a method of valuing the stock of residential buildings in Spain as the first step in assessing possible damage caused to them by natural hazards. For the purposes of the study we had access to the SIOSE (the Spanish Land Use and Cover Information System), a high-resolution land-use model, as well as to a report on the financial valuations of this ty...

Alexander, D.: Natural Disasters. University College London Press, London, 632 pp., 1993; Alexander, D.: Confronting Catastrophe, New York: Oxford University Press, 288 pp., 2000.; Albert, C. and Uriel, E.: El stock de capital de viviendas (1990–2010) y en otras construcciones (1990–2009) en España, y su distribución territorial, Fundación BBVA, available at: http://www.fbbva.es/TLF...

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Which Data for Quantitative Landslide Susceptibility Mapping at Op...

By: O. Maquaire; Y. Thiery; M. Fressard

Description: LETG-Caen-Géophen UMR 6554, University of Caen Basse-Normandie, France. This paper aims at assessing the impact of the data set quality for landslide susceptibility mapping using multivariate statistical modelling methods at detailed scale. This research is conducted on the Pays d'Auge plateau (Normandy, France) with a scale objective of 1 / 10 000, in order to fit the French guidelines on risk assessment. Five sets of data of increasing quality (consid...

Brabb, E. E.: Innovative approaches to landslide hazard and risk mapping, Proceedings of fourth International Symposium on Landslides, 16–21 September, Toronto, 307–324, 1984.; Brenning, A.: Spatial prediction models for landslide hazards: review, comparison and evaluation, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 5, 853–862, doi:10.5194/nhess-5-853-2005, 2005.; Brenning, A.: RSAGA: SAGA geoprocessing and terrain analysis in R...

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Assessing the Quality of Landslide Susceptibility Maps – Case Stud...

By: A. Brenning; R. Bell; J. Goetz; T. Glade; H. Petschko

Description: Department of Geography and Regional Research, University of Vienna, Austria. Landslide susceptibility maps are helpful tools to identify areas potentially prone to future landslide occurrence. As more and more national and provincial authorities demand for these maps to be computed and implemented in spatial planning strategies, several aspects of the quality of the landslide susceptibility model and the resulting classified map are of high interest. I...

Abteilung Feuerwehr und Zivilschutz, Amt der NÖ Landesregierung: Zusammenfassung Ereignisse 2009, available at: http://www.noe.gv.at/Land-Zukunft/Katastrophenschutz/Archiv/zusammenfassung_ ereignisse_2009.wai.html, (last access: 9 December 2010), 2010 (in German).; Akaike, H.: A new look at the statistical model identification, IEEE T. Automat. Contr., 19, 71...

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