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List of national anthems

Rouget de Lisle, the composer of the French national anthem "La Marseillaise", sings it for the first time. The anthem is one of the earliest to be adopted by a modern nation, in 1795.

Most nation-states have anthems, defined as "a song, as of praise, devotion, or patriotism";[1] most anthems are either marches or hymns in style. A hymn can become a national anthem by a provision in the state's constitution, by a law enacted by its legislature, or simply by tradition.[2] A royal anthem is a patriotic song similar to a national anthem, but it specifically praises or prays for a monarch or royal dynasty. Such anthems are usually performed at public appearances by the monarch or during other events of royal importance.[3] Some states use the royal anthem as the national anthem, such as the anthem of Jordan.

There are multiple claimants to the position of oldest national anthem.[4] Among the national anthems, the first to be composed was the Dutch national anthem the "Wilhelmus", which was written between 1568 and 1572.[5] The Japanese anthem, "Kimigayo", employs the oldest lyrics of any national anthem, taking its words from the "Kokin Wakashū", which was first published in 905, yet these words were not set to music until 1880.[6] The first anthem to be officially adopted as such was the Spanish anthem "Marcha Real", in 1770; its origins remain unclear, being suggested to have sixteenth century Venetian origins, or even to have been composed by king Frederick the Great himself; it is also one of the few national anthems that has never had official lyrics.[7] Anthems became increasingly popular among European states in the 18th century.[8] For example, the British national anthem "God Save the Queen" was first performed under the title "God Save the King" in 1745.[9] The French anthem "La Marseillaise" was written half a century later in 1792, and adopted in 1795.[10]

National anthems are usually written in the most common language of the state, whether de facto or official. States with multiple national languages may offer several versions of their anthem. For instance, Switzerland's national anthem has different lyrics for each of the country's four official languages: French, German, Italian, and Romansh.[11] The New Zealand national anthem is traditionally sung with the first verse in Māori ("Aotearoa") and the second in English ("God Defend New Zealand"). The tune is the same but the lyrics have different meanings. South Africa's national anthem is unique in that five of the eleven official languages are used in the same anthem, in which each language comprises a stanza.[12]

Contents

  • Anthems of UN member states or observer states 1
  • Anthems of other states and territories 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4

Anthems of UN member states or observer states

Only United Nations member states and observer states are included in this table.[13][14] Anthems of sovereign states which are not UN members or observers are listed in a separate table below. An English translation of the title is provided in parentheses where appropriate.

Nation National anthem Date adopted Lyrics writer Music writer Audio Source
 Afghanistan "Millī Surūd"
("National Anthem")
2006 Abdul Bari Jahani Babrak Wassa
 Albania "Himni i Flamurit" ("Hymn to the Flag") 1912 Aleksandër Stavre Drenova Ciprian Porumbescu
[15]
 Algeria "Kassaman"
("We Pledge")
1962 Moufdi Zakaria Mohamed Fawzi [16]
 Andorra "El Gran Carlemany"
("The Great Charlemagne")
1914 Enric Marfany Bons Juan Benlloch y Vivó [17]
 Angola "Angola Avante"
("Forward Angola")
1975 Manuel Rui Alves Monteiro Rui Alberto Vieira Dias Mingas
 Antigua and Barbuda "Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee"[note 1] 1981 Novelle Hamilton Richards Walter Garnet Picart Chambers
 Argentina "Himno Nacional Argentino" ("Argentine National Anthem") 1813 Vicente López y Planes Blas Parera
 Armenia "Mer Hayrenik" ("Our Fatherland") 1918, 1991 Mikael Nalbandian Barsegh Kanachyan
 Australia "Advance Australia Fair"[note 1] 1984 Peter Dodds McCormick Peter Dodds McCormick
 Austria "Land der Berge, Land am Strome" ("Land of Mountains, Land on the River") 1947 Paula von Preradović Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart/Johann Holzer
 Azerbaijan "Azərbaycan marşı"
("Azerbaijan's Anthem"/"National Anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan")
1918 Ahmed Javad Uzeyir Hajibeyov
 Bahamas "March On, Bahamaland"[note 1] 1973 Timothy Gibson Timothy Gibson
 Bahrain "Bahrainona"
("Our Bahrain")
1971 Mohamed Sudqi Ayyash unknown
 Bangladesh "Amar Shonar Bangla" ("My Golden Bengal") 1972 Rabindranath Tagore Rabindranath Tagore
 Barbados "National Anthem of Barbados" 1966 Irving Burgie C. Van Roland Edwards
 Belarus "My Belarusy" ("We, the Belarusians")[note 2] 1955 Michael Klimovich Nestar Sakalowski
 Belgium The "Brabançonne" 1830 Jenneval (Louis-Alexandre Dechet) François Van Campenhout
 Belize "Land of the Free" 1981 Samuel Alfred Haynes Selwyn Walford Young
 Benin "L'Aube Nouvelle" ("The Dawn of a New Day") 1960 Gilbert Jean Dagnon Gilbert Jean Dagnon
 Bhutan "Druk tsendhen" ("The Thunder Dragon Kingdom") 1953 Dasho Gyaldun Thinley Aku Tongmi
 Bolivia "Himno Nacional de Bolivia" ("National Anthem of Bolivia") 1852 José Ignacio de Sanjinés Leopoldo Benedetto Vincenti
 Bosnia and Herzegovina "Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine" ("The National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina") 1999 Awaiting official approval[18] Dušan Šestić
 Botswana "Fatshe leno la rona" ("Blessed Be This Noble Land") 1966 Kgalemang Tumedisco Motsete Kgalemang Tumedisco Motsete
 Brazil "Hino Nacional Brasileiro" ("Brazilian National Anthem") 1822 Joaquim Osório Duque Estrada Francisco Manuel da Silva
 Brunei "Allah Peliharakan Sultan" ("God Bless the Sultan") 1951 Pengiran Haji Mohamed Yusuf bin Abdul Rahim Awang Haji Besar bin Sagap
"Allah Peliharakan Sultan"
 Bulgaria "Mila Rodino" ("Dear Motherland") 1964 Tsvetan Radoslavov Tsvetan Radoslavov
 Burkina Faso "Une Seule Nuit" ("One Single Night") 1984 Thomas Sankara Thomas Sankara
 Burundi "Burundi Bwacu" ("Our Burundi") 1962 Jean-Baptiste Ntahokaja and others Marc Barengayabo
 Cambodia "Nokor Reach" ("Royal Kingdom") 1941 Samdach Chuon Nat F. Perruchot and J. Jekyll
 Cameroon "O Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancêtres" ("O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers") 1957 René Djam Afame, Samuel Minkio Bamba, and Moïse Nyatte Nko'o (French),
Dr Benard Nsokika Fonlon (English)
René Djam Afame
 Canada "O Canada"[note 1] 1980 Adolphe-Basile Routhier (French);
Robert Stanley Weir (English)
Calixa Lavallée
 Cape Verde "Cântico da Liberdade" ("Song of Freedom") 1996 Amílcar Spencer Lopes Adalberto Higino Tavares Silva
 Central African Republic "La Renaissance" ("The Rebirth") 1960 Barthélémy Boganda Herbert Pepper
 Chad "La Tchadienne" ("People of Chad") 1960 Louis Gidrol and others Paul Villard
 Chile "Himno Nacional de Chile" ("National Anthem of Chile") 1828 Eusebio Lillo Ramón Carnicer
 People's Republic of China "Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ" ("March of the Volunteers") 1949 (provisional)
1982 (official)
2004 (constitutional)
Tian Han Nie Er
 Colombia "Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia" ("National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia") 1886 Rafael Núñez Oreste Sindici
 Comoros "Udzima wa ya Masiwa" ("The Union of the Great Islands") 1978 Said Hachim Sidi Abderemane Said Hachim Sidi Abderemane and Kamildine Abdallah
 Democratic Republic of the Congo "Debout Congolais" ("Arise Congolese") 1960, 1997 Joseph Lutumba Simon-Pierre Boka di Mpasi Londi
 Republic of the Congo "La Congolaise" ("The Congolese") 1959, 1991 Jacques Tondra and Georges Kibanghi Jean Royer and Joseph Spadilière
 Costa Rica "Himno Nacional de Costa Rica" ("National Anthem of Costa Rica") 1853 José María Zeledón Brenes Manuel María Gutiérrez
 Croatia "Lijepa naša domovino" ("Our Beautiful Homeland")[note 3] 1972 Antun Mihanović Josip Runjanin
 Cuba "El Himno de Bayamo" ("The Anthem of Bayamo") 1902 Perucho Figueredo Perucho Figueredo
 Cyprus "Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían" ("Hymn to Liberty")[note 4][note 5] 1960 Dionýsios Solomós Nikolaos Mantzaros
 Czech Republic "Kde domov můj" ("Where My Home is")[note 6] 1918 Josef Kajetán Tyl František Škroup
 Denmark "Der er et yndigt land" ("There is a Lovely Country")[note 7] 1835 Adam Oehlenschläger Hans Ernst Krøyer
 Djibouti "Djibouti" 1977 Aden Elmi Abdi Robleh
"Isle of Beauty, Isle of Splendour" 1978 Wilfred Oscar Morgan Pond Lemuel McPherson Christian
"Himno Nacional" ("National Anthem") 1934 Emilio Prud'Homme José Rufino Reyes y Siancas
"Pátria" ("Fatherland") 2002 Francisco Borja da Costa Afonso de Araujo
"Salve, Oh Patria" ("We Salute You, Our Homeland") 1948 Juan León Mera Antonio Neumane
"Bilady, Bilady, Bilady" ("My Country, My Country, My Country") 1979 Mohamed Younis Al-Qady (adapted from a speech by Mustafa Kamil) Sayed Darwish
"Himno Nacional de El Salvador" ("National Anthem of El Salvador") 1879 Juan José Cañas Juan Aberle
"Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa felicidad"
("Let Us Tread the Path of our Immense Happiness")
1968 Atanasio Ndongo Miyone Ramiro Sánchez Lopes
"Ertra, Ertra, Ertra" ("Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea") 1993 Solomon Tsehaye Beraki Isaac Abraham Meharezghi and Aron Tekle Tesfatsion
"Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm" ("My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy") 1920 Johann Voldemar Jannsen Fredrik Pacius
"Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp'ya" ("March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia") 1992 Dereje Melaku Mengesha Solomon Lulu Mitiku
"Meda Dau Doka" ("God Bless Fiji") 1970 Michael Francis Alexander Prescott Charles Austin Miles
"Maamme" ("Our Land") 1867 Johan Ludvig Runeberg Fredrik Pacius
"La Marseillaise" ("The Song of Marseille") 1795 Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle
"La Concorde" ("The Concord") 1960 Georges Aleka Damas Georges Aleka Damas
"For The Gambia Our Homeland" 1965 Virginia Julie Howe Jeremy Frederick Howe
"Tavisupleba" ("Freedom") 2004 David Magradze Zakaria Paliashvili
"Lied der Deutschen" ("Song of the Germans") – the Third stanza 1922 August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben Joseph Haydn
"God Bless Our Homeland Ghana" 1957 Michael Kwame Gbordzoe Philip Gbeho
"Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían" ("Hymn to Liberty")[note 4] 1865 Dionýsios Solomós Nikolaos Mantzaros
"Hail Grenada" 1974 Irva Merle Baptiste Louis Arnold Masanto
"Himno Nacional de Guatemala" ("National Anthem of Guatemala") 1896 José Joaquín Palma Rafael Álvarez Ovalle
"Liberté" ("Liberty") 1958 Unknown Kodofo Moussa
"Esta É a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada" ("This Is Our Beloved Country") 1974 Amílcar Cabral Xiao He
"Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains" 1966 Archibald Leonard Luker Robert Cyril Gladstone Potter
"La Dessalinienne" ("Song of Dessalines") 1904 Justin Lhérisson Nicolas Geffrard
"Himno Nacional de Honduras" ("National Anthem of Honduras") 1915 Augusto Constancio Coello Carlos Hartling
"Himnusz" ("Hymn") 1844 Ferenc Kölcsey Ferenc Erkel
"Lofsöngur" ("Hymn") 1944 Matthías Jochumsson Sveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson
"Jana Gana Mana" ("Hail the ruler of all minds") 1950 Rabindranath Tagore Rabindranath Tagore
"Indonesia Raya" ("Great Indonesia") 1945 Wage Rudolf Supratman Wage Rudolf Supratman
"Soroud-e Melli-e Jomhouri-e Eslami-e Iran" ("National Anthem of Iran") 1990 multiple Hassan Riyahi noicon|80px]]
"Mawtini" ("My Homeland") 2004 Ibrahim Touqan Mohammed Flayfel
"Amhrán na bhFiann" ("The Soldier's Song") 1926 Peadar Kearney (English), Liam Ó Rinn (Irish) Peadar Kearney and Patrick Heeney
"HaTikvah" ("The Hope") 1948 (de facto)
2004 ("de jure")
Naftali Herz Imber Samuel Cohen
"Il Canto degli Italiani" ("The Song of the Italians") 1946 (de facto)
2012 ("de jure")
Goffredo Mameli Michele Novaro
"L'Abidjanaise" ("Song of Abidjan") 1960 Mathieu Ekra, Joachim Bony, and Pierre Marie Coty Pierre Marie Coty and Pierre Michel Pango
"Jamaica, Land We Love"[note 1] 1962 Hugh Sherlock Robert Lightbourne
"Kimigayo" ("His Majesty's Reign")[19] 1999 ("de jure") Traditional Waka poem from the Kokin Wakashū (first published in 905) Yoshiisa Oku and Akimori Hayashi; credited usually to Hiromori Hayashi
[20]
"Al-salam Al-malaki Al-urdoni" ("The Royal Anthem of Jordan") 1946 Abdul Monem Al-Refai Abdul Qader al-Taneer
"Meniñ Qazaqstanım" ("My Kazakhstan") 2006 Zhumeken Nazhimedenov (with modifications by Nursultan Nazarbayev) Shamshi Kaldayakov
"Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" ("Oh God of All Creation") 1963 Graham Hyslop, G. W. Senoga-Zake, Thomas Kalume, Peter Kibukosya, and Washington Omondi The Anthem Commission
"Teirake Kaini Kiribati" ("Stand up, Kiribati") 1979 Urium Tamuera Ioteba Urium Tamuera Ioteba
"Aegukka" ("The Patriotic Song") 1947 Pak Seyŏng Kim Wŏn'gyun
"Aegukga" ("The Patriotic Song") 1948 An Chang-ho Ahn Eak-tae
"Al-Nasheed Al-Watani" ("National Anthem") 1978 Ahmad Meshari Al-Adwani Ibrahim Al-Soula
"Kyrgyz Respublikasynyn Mamlekettik Gimni" ("National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic") 1992 Djamil Sadykov and Eshmambet Kuluev Nasyr Davlesov and Kalyi Moldobasanov
"Pheng Xat Lao" ("National Anthem of Laos") 1947 Sisana Sisane Thongdy Sounthonevichit
"Dievs, svētī Latviju!" ("God Bless Latvia") 1920 Kārlis Baumanis Kārlis Baumanis
"Lebanese National Anthem" 1927 Rashid Nakhle Wadih Sabra
"Lesotho Fatse La Bontata Rona" ("Lesotho, Land of Our Fathers") 1966 François Coillard Ferdinand-Samuel Laur
"All Hail, Liberia, Hail!" 1847 Daniel Bashiel Warner Olmstead Luca
"Libya, Libya, Libya" 2011 Al Bashir Al Arebi Mohammed Abdel Wahab noicon|80px]]
"Oben am jungen Rhein" ("Up Above the Young Rhine") 1963 Jakob Josef Jauch unknown
"Tautiška giesmė" ("National Song") 1919 Vincas Kudirka Vincas Kudirka
"Ons Heemecht" ("Our Homeland") 1895 Michel Lentz Jean Antoine Zinnen
"Denes nad Makedonija" ("Today Over Macedonia") 1992 ("de jure") Vlado Maleski Todor Skalovski
"Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!" ("Oh, Beloved Land of our Ancestors") 1958 Pasteur Rahajason Norbert Raharisoa
"Mulungu dalitsa Malaŵi" ("God Bless Malawi") 1964 Michael-Fredrick Paul Sauka Michael-Fredrick Paul Sauka
"Negaraku" ("My Country") 1957 multiple Pierre-Jean de Béranger
"Gaumii salaam" ("National Salute") 1972 Muhammad Jameel Didi Pandit Wannakuwattawaduge Don Amaradeva
"Pour l'Afrique et pour toi, Mali" ("For Africa and for You, Mali") 1962 Seydou Badian Kouyate Banzumana Sissoko
"L-Innu Malti" ("The Maltese Hymn") 1964 Dun Karm Psaila Robert Samut
"Forever Marshall Islands" 1991 Amata Kabua Amata Kabua
"National anthem of Mauritania" 1960 Baba Ould Cheikh Tolia Nikiprowetzky
"Motherland" 1968 Jean Georges Prosper Philippe Gentil (M.B.E. Esq.)
"Himno Nacional Mexicano" ("Mexican National Anthem") 1854 (de facto)
1943 ("de jure")
Francisco González Bocanegra Jaime Nunó
"Patriots of Micronesia" 1991 unknown traditional German song (Ich hab' mich ergeben)
"Limba noastră" ("Our Language") 1994 Alexei Mateevici Alexandru Cristea
"Hymne Monégasque" ("Monégasque Anthem") 1848 Louis Notari Charles Albrecht
"Mongol ulsiin töriin duulal" ("National Anthem of Mongolia") 1950 Tsendiin Damdinsüren Bilegiin Damdinsüren and Luvsanjambyn Mördorj
"Oj, svijetla majska zoro" ("O, Bright Dawn of May") 2004 folk song Žarko Mirković[21]
"Hymne Chérifien" ("Anthem of Morocco") 1956 Ali Squalli Houssaini Léo Morgan
"Pátria Amada" ("Lovely Homeland") 2002 Salomão J. Manhiça unknown
"Kaba Ma Kyei" ("Till the End of the World") 1948 Saya Tin Saya Tin
"Namibia, Land of the Brave" 1991 Axali Doëseb Axali Doëseb noicon|80px]]
"Nauru Bwiema" ("Song of Nauru") 1968 Margaret Hendrie Laurence Henry Hicks
"Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka" ("Hundreds of Flowers")[22] 2007 Byakul Maila[23] Amber Gurung
"Wilhelmus" ("William") 1568 (de facto), 1932 (de jure) Marnix van Sint Aldegonde Adrianus Valerius
"God Defend New Zealand"[note 1] 1940 (national hymn)[note 8]
1977 (national anthem)[note 8]
Thomas Bracken (English version)[note 8]
Thomas H. Smith (Māori version)[note 8]
John Joseph Woods[note 8]
"Salve a ti, Nicaragua" ("Hail to Thee, Nicaragua") 1918 Salomón Ibarra Mayorga Luis A. Delgadillo
"La Nigérienne" ("The Nigerien") 1961 Maurice Albert Thiriet Robert Jacquet and Nicolas Abel François Frionnet
"Arise, O Compatriots" 1978 John A. Ilechukwu, Eme Etim Akpan, B. A. Ogunnaike, Sotu Omoigui, and P. O. Aderibighe Nigerian Police Band, under the directorship of B. E. Odiase
"Ja, vi elsker dette landet" ("Yes, We Love This Country")[note 9] 1864[note 10] Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson Rikard Nordraak
"Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani" ("National Anthem of Oman") 1932 Rashid bin Uzayyiz Al Khusaidi James Frederick Mills, arranged by Bernard Ebbinghaus
"Qaumī Tarāna" ("National Anthem") 1954 Hafeez Jullundhri Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla
"Belau rekid" ("Our Palau") 1980 multiple Ymesei O. Ezekiel
"Fida'i" ("My Country") 1996 Said Al Muzayin Ali Ismael
"Himno Istmeño" ("Hymn of the Isthmus") 1925 Jeronimo de la Ossa Santos Jorge
"O Arise, All You Sons"[note 1] 1975 Tom Shacklady Tom Shacklady
"Paraguayos, República o Muerte" ("Paraguayans, the Republic or Death") 1933 Francisco Acuña de Figueroa Francisco José Debali
"Himno Nacional del Perú" ("National Anthem of Peru") 1821 José de la Torre Ugarte y Alarcón Jose Bernardo Alcedo
"Lupang Hinirang" ("Chosen Land") 1898 José Palma Julián Felipe
"Mazurek Dąbrowskiego" ("Poland Is Not Yet Lost, So long as we still live")[note 11] 1926 Józef Wybicki unknown
"A Portuguesa" ("The Portuguese") 1911 Henrique Lopes de Mendonça Alfredo Keil
"As Salam al Amiri" ("Peace to the Amir") 1996 Sheikh Mubarak bin Saïf al-Thani Abdul Aziz Nasser Obaidan
"Deșteaptă-te, române!" ("Awaken Thee, Romanian") 1990 Andrei Mureşanu Anton Pann and Gheorghe Ucenescu
"Gosudarstvenny Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii" ("State Hymn of the Russian Federation") 2000 Sergey Mikhalkov Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov
"Rwanda Nziza" ("Beautiful Rwanda") 2002 Faustin Murigo Jean-Bosco Hashakimana
"O Land of Beauty!"[note 1] 1983 Kenrick Georges Kenrick Georges
"Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia" 1979 Charles Jesse Leton Felix Thomas
"Saint Vincent, Land so beautiful" 1979 Phyllis Punnett Joel Bertram Miguel
"The Banner of Freedom" 1962 Sauni Iiga Kuresa Sauni Iiga Kuresa
"Inno Nazionale della Repubblica" ("The National Anthem of the Republic") 1894 Federico Consolo Federico Consolo
"Independência total" ("Total Independence") 1975 Alda Neves da Graça do Espírito Santo Manuel dos Santos Barreto de Sousa e Almeida
"As-Salam Al Malaki" ("The Royal Salute") 1950 Ibrahim Khafaji Abdul Rahman Al-Khateeb
"Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons" ("Strum your Koras, Strike the Balafons") 1960 Léopold Sédar Senghor Herbert Pepper
"Bože pravde" ("God of Justice" or "Lord, Give Us Justice") 1882 (de facto)
2006 (de jure)
Jovan Đorđević Davorin Jenko
"Kosta seywa" ("Join together all Seychellois") 1996 David François Marc André and George Charles Robert Payet David François Marc André and George Charles Robert Payet
"High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free" 1961 Clifford Nelson Fyle John Akar
"Majulah Singapura" ("Onward Singapore") 1965 Zubir Said Zubir Said
"Nad Tatrou sa blýska" ("Lightning Over the Tatras")[note 6] 1918 Janko Matúška folk tune
"Zdravljica" ("A Toast")[note 12] 1989 France Prešeren Stanko Premrl
"God Save Our Solomon Islands"[note 1] 1978 Panapasa Balekana and Matila Balekana Panapasa Balekana
"Qolobaa Calankeed" 2012 Abdullahi Qarshe Abdullahi Qarshe
"National anthem of South Africa"[note 13] 1997 Enoch Sontonga and C. J. Langenhoven Enoch Sontonga and Marthinus Lourens de Villiers
"South Sudan Oyee!" 2011 Students and teachers of Juba University, 2011[24] Students and teachers of Juba University, 2011[24]
"La Marcha Real" ("The Royal March") 1770 none unknown
"Sri Lanka Matha" ("Mother Sri Lanka") 1951 Rabindranath Tagore Rabindranath Tagore
"Nahnu Jund Allah Jund Al-watan" ("We Are the Army of God and of Our Land") 1956 Sayyed Ahmed Mohammed Salih Ahmad Murjan
"God zij met ons Suriname" ("God Be With Our Suriname") 1959 Cornelis Atses Hoekstra and Henry de Ziel Johannes Corstianus de Puy
"Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati" ("O Lord our God of the Swazi") 1968 Andrease Enoke Fanyana Simelane David Kenneth Rycroft
"Du gamla, Du fria" ("Thou Ancient, Thou Free")[note 14] 19th century (de facto), never officially adopted Richard Dybeck folk tune
"Schweizerpsalm" ("Swiss Psalm") 1961 (de facto)
1981 ("de jure")
Leonhard Widmer (German),
Charles Chatelanat (French),
Camillo Valsangiacomo (Italian),
and Flurin Camathias (Romansch)
Alberich Zwyssig
"Humāt ad-Diyār" ("Guardians of the Homeland") 1936 Khalil Mardam Bey Mohammed Flayfel and Ahmad Salim Flayfel
"Surudi Milli" ("National Anthem") 1991 Gulnazar Keldi Suleiman Yudakov
"Mungu ibariki Afrika" ("God Bless Africa") 1961 collectively Enoch Sontonga
"Phleng Chat" ("National Song")[note 15] 1939 Luang Saranupraphan Peter Feit
"Salut à toi, pays de nos aïeux" ("Hail to Thee, Land of our Forefathers") 1960 Alex Casimir-Dosseh Alex Casimir-Dosseh
"Ko e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga" ("Song of the King of the Tonga Islands") 1875 Uelingatoni Ngū Tupoumalohi Karl Gustavus Schmitt
" 1962 Patrick Castagne Patrick Castagne
"Humat al-Hima" ("Defenders of the Homeland") 1987 Mustafa Sadiq Al-Rafi'i and Aboul-Qacem Echebbi Mohammed Abdelwahab
"İstiklâl Marşı" ("The March of Independence") 1921 Mehmet Akif Ersoy Osman Zeki Üngör
"Garaşsyz, Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni" ("Independent, Neutral, Turkmenistan State Anthem") 2008 collectively Veli Mukhatov
"Tuvalu mo te Atua" ("Tuvalu for the Almighty")[note 1] 1978 Afaese Manoa Afaese Manoa
"Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty" 1962 George Wilberforce Kakoma George Wilberforce Kakoma
"Shche ne vmerla Ukraina" ("Ukraine's Glory Has Not Perished") 1917 Pavlo Chubynsky Mykhaylo Verbytsky
"Ishy Biladi" ("Long Live my Homeland") 1971 Arif Al Sheikh Abdullah Al Hassan Saad Abdel Wahab
"God Save the Queen" 1745 Henry Carey unknown
"The Star-Spangled Banner" 1931 Francis Scott Key John Stafford Smith
"Himno Nacional" ("National Anthem") 1848 Francisco Acuña de Figueroa Francisco José Debali
"O`zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi" ("National Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan") 1991 Abdulla Aripov Mutal Burhanov
"Yumi, Yumi, Yumi" ("We, We, We") 1980 François Vincent Ayssav François Vincent Ayssav
"Marche Pontificale"
("Pontifical Anthem and March")
1949 Antonio Allegra Charles Gounod
"Gloria al Bravo Pueblo" ("Glory to the Brave People") 1881 Vicente Salias Juan José Landaeta
"Tiến Quân Ca" ("Marching Song") 1945 Văn Cao Văn Cao
"National anthem of Yemen" 1990 Abdallah Abdulwahab Noman Ayoob Tarish
"Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free" 1964 collectively Enoch Sontonga
"Simudzai Mureza WeZimbabwe" ("O Lift High The Banner Of Zimbabwe") 1994 Solomon Mutswairo Fred Changundega

Anthems of other states and territories

This table includes anthems of de facto sovereign states which are not members or observers of the United Nations. Many of them have received little or no recognition from the international community; some are widely considered to be part of one of the countries listed above.

Territory Territorial anthem Date adopted Lyrics writer Officially known as Music writer Audio
"Aiaaira"
("Victory")
1992 Genady Alamiya "State Anthem of the Republic of Abkhazia" Valera Çkaduwa
"Europe"[25] 2008 No lyrics[25] "State Anthem of the Republic of Kosovo" Mendi Mengjiqi[25]
"Azat u ankakh Artsakh"
("Free and independent Artsakh")
1992 Vardan Hakobyan "Unofficial State Anthem of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic" Armen Nasibyan
"İstiklâl Marşı"
("Independence March")
1921 Mehmet Akif Ersoy "The Turkish Cypriot State Anthem" Zeki Üngör
"Samo ku waar" 1991 Hassan Sheikh Mumin "Somaliland" Hassan Sheikh Mumin
"Respublikæ Hussar Irystony Paddzahadon Gimn"
("National Anthem of South Ossetia")
1995 Totraz Kokaev "Respwlikæ Hwßar İrisânı Pađzahadân Ģimń" Felix Alborov
"San Min Chu-i"
("Three Principles of the People")[note 16]
1937 (de facto)
1943 (de jure)
Sun Yat-sen "National Anthem of the Republic of China"[note 17] Ch'eng Mao-yün
"My slavim tebia, Pridnestrovie"
("We glorify you, Pridnestrovie")
1992 Boris Parmenov, Vitaly Pishenko, Nicholas Bozhko "Mı slavim tebia Prîdnestrâviē" Boris Alexandrov
Western Sahara "Yā Banīy As-Saharā"
("O Sons of the Sahara")
1979 unknown "Western Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republican Anthem" unknown

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "God Save the Queen" is one of New Zealand's two national anthems and the royal anthem of Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, the Bahamas, Canada, Jamaica, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, the Solomon Islands, and Tuvalu.
  2. ^ "My Belarusy" was originally adopted by the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic.
  3. ^ "Lijepa naša domovino" was originally adopted by the Socialist Republic of Croatia.
  4. ^ a b "Hymn to Liberty" is the national anthem of both Cyprus and Greece.
  5. ^ By the power of the Constitution of Cyprus, the Turkish national anthem "İstiklâl Marşı" was used when a Turkish Cypriot representative was present. The practice lasted up to 1963.
  6. ^ a b Originally adopted by Czechoslovakia as a part of its hymn in 1918 (together with Slovak "Nad Tatrou sa blýska"), and latter in 1993 by the Czech Republic (already without the Slovak part).
  7. ^ Denmark's royal anthem is "Kong Kristian" ("King Christian").
  8. ^ a b c d e This refers to "God Defend New Zealand", not "God Save the Queen".
  9. ^ Until the early 20th century, "Mitt lille land" have at times been described as national anthems. Norway's royal anthem is "Kongesangen".
  10. ^ The song was first performed in 1864, but only gradually came to replace the older national anthem "de facto national anthem
  11. ^ Also known by its incipit: "Jeszcze Polska nie zginęła, kiedy my żyjemy" ("Poland Is Not Yet Lost, So long as we still live").
  12. ^ "Zdravljica" was originally adopted by the Socialist Republic of Slovenia. Only the seventh stanza of the song is used as the national anthem.
  13. ^ The "National Anthem of South Africa" is a hybrid of "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" ("God Bless Africa") and "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika" ("The Call of South Africa").
  14. ^ Sweden's royal anthem is "Kungssången".
  15. ^ Thailand's royal anthem is "Phleng Sansoen Phra Barami".
  16. ^ "National Banner Song" is used as the alternate anthem for Republic of China (Taiwan) at international events such as the Olympic Games.
  17. ^ The official state name of Taiwan is the "Republic of China".
General
Specific
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  6. ^ Japan Policy Research Institute JPRI Working Paper No. 79. Published July 2001. Retrieved July 7, 2007
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  15. ^ "National Anthems of the World" (7th edn), pp. 12–13.
  16. ^ "National Anthems of the World" (7th edn), pp. 14–17.
  17. ^ "National Anthems of the World" (7th edn), pp. 18–21.
  18. ^ "Bosnia Anthem Gets Lyrics After 10 Years", Bosnia Insight, February 23, 2009.
  19. ^
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  21. ^ Datenbank-europa.de
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  24. ^ a b
  25. ^ a b c


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