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List of lakes of Mongolia

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Title: List of lakes of Mongolia  
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List of lakes of Mongolia

The lakes in Mongolia are distributed unevenly across the country. Many, including some of the largest, can be found in the Great Lakes Depression between the Altai, Khangai and Tannu-Ola mountain ranges in the west. A second group can be found in mountain valleys throughout the country. Lake Khövsgöl in a rift valley south of the Russian Sayan Mountains has the largest volume because of its great depth. The remaining lakes found in the steppe areas and in the Gobi desert are usually smaller and shallow.

The total area of the lakes is 16,003 km². The 83.7% of the total lakes number are the small lakes with surface area less than 0.1 km² (5.6% of the total area). There are 3,060 lakes with surface area 0.1 km² and more. [1]

Lakes with an area of more than 50 km²
Rank Name Mongolian
name
Aimag Elevation,
m
Area,
km²
Maximum
length,
km
Average
width,
km
Maximum
width,
km
Average
depth,
m
Maximum
depth,
m
Volume,
km3
1 Uvs Lake Увс нуур Uvs 759 3,350 84 40 79 11.9 20 39.6
2 Khövsgöl Lake Хөвсгөл нуур Khövsgöl 1,645 2,760 136 20.8 36.5 137.9 262 380.7
3 Khar-Us Lake Хар-Ус нуур Khovd 1,157 1,578 72.2 26 27 2.2 4.5 3.432
4 Khyargas Lake Хяргас нуур Uvs 1,028.5 1,407 75 19 31 46.9 80 66.034
5 Buir Lake Буйр нуур Dornod 581 615 40 15 21 6.5 10.2 3.784
6 Khar Lake (Khovd) Хар нуур Khovd 1,132 575 37 16 24 4.2 7 2.422
7 Dörgön Lake Дөргөн нуур Khovd 1,132 305 24 13 17 14.3 27 4.367
8 Achit Lake Ачит нуур Uvs, Khovd 1,435 297 24 12 18 2.2 5 0.665
9 Böön Tsagaan Lake Бөөн Цагаан нуур Bayankhongor 1,312 252 24 11 19 9.3 16 2.355
10 Üüreg Lake Үүрэг нуур Uvs 1,425 239 20 12 18 26.9 42 6.419
11 Telmen Lake Тэлмэн нуур Zavkhan 1,789 194 28 12 16 13.8 27 2.671
12 Ulaan Lake Улаан нуур Ömnögovi 1,008 175 - - - - - -
13 Sangiin Dalai Lake Сангийн Далай нуур Khövsgöl, Zavkhan 1,888 165 32 5 13 12.1 30 1.995
14 Airag Lake Айраг нуур Uvs 1,030 143 18 9 13 5.7 10 0.820
15 Orog Lake Орог нуур Bayankhongor 1,217 140 31.8 2 7.7 3.0 5 0.420
16 Yakhi Lake Яхь нуур Dornod 670 97 20.4 4.2 11.9 2.3 4 0.223
17 Khar Lake (Zavkhan) Хар нуур Zavkhan 1,980 84.5 29.3 3.5 6.6 19.6 47 1.654
18 Tolbo Lake Толбо нуур Bayan-Ölgii 2,080 84 21 4 7 6.8 12 0.571
19 Khurgan Lake Хурган нуур Bayan-Ölgii 2,072 71 23.3 3 6 7.8 28 0.537
20 Dayan Lake Даян нуур Bayan-Ölgii 2,232 67 18 4 9 2.3 4 0.157
21 Dood Tsagaan Nuur Доод Цагаан нуур Khövsgöl 1,538 64 18 4 7 6.0 14 0.384
22 Bayan Lake Баян нуур Zavkhan 1,491 64 14 5 8 21.7 50 1.390
23 Khar-Us Lake, Uvs Хар-Ус нуур Uvs 1,574 63 19 5 7.8 5.2 8.2 0.3265
24 Oigon Lake Ойгон нуур Zavkhan 1,664 61 18 3 8 3.4 8 0.207
25 Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake Тэрхийн Цагаан нуур Arkhangai 2,060 61 16 4 6 6.0 20 0.369
26 Khoton Lake Хотон нуур Bayan-Ölgii 2,084 50 22 2.3 4 26.8 58 1.341

References

  • Ministry of Environment of Mongolia web site(in Mongolian)
  1. ^ "Surface Water of Mongolia", Gombo Davaa, Dambaravjaa Oyunbaatar, Michiaki Sugita
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