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41st Congress

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Title: 41st Congress  
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41st Congress

41st United States Congress
United States Capitol (1869)

Duration: March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1871

Senate President: Schuyler Colfax
Senate Pres. pro tem: Henry B. Anthony
House Speaker: James G. Blaine
Members: 74 Senators
243 Representatives
9 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
1st: March 4, 1869 – April 10, 1869
2nd: December 6, 1869 – July 15, 1870
3rd: December 5, 1870 – March 4, 1871
<40th 42nd>

The Forty-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1869 to March 4, 1871, during the first two years of Ulysses Grant's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eighth Census of the United States in 1860. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

  • March 18, 1869: 1
  • May 31, 1870: 140
  • June 22, 1870: An Act to establish the 162
  • July 12, 1870: 251
  • July 14, 1870: 272

Constitutional amendment

States readmitted

  • January 26, 1870: Virginia rejoined the Union
  • February 23: Mississippi rejoined the Union
  • March 30, 1870: Texas rejoined the Union
  • July 15, 1870: Georgia rejoined the Union, the last former Confederate state to be readmitted

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

During this Congress, Virginia, Mississippi, Texas, and Georgia were readmitted to representation.

Senate

Template:USCongress Party summary

House of Representatives

Template:USCongress Party summary

Leadership


Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1874; Class 2 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1870; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1872.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 6
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations:2
  • interim appointments: 2
  • seats of newly re-admitted states: 8
  • Total seats with changes: 14


Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate |- | Virginia (1) | rowspan=2 | Vacant | rowspan=2 style="font-size:80%" | Virginia re-admitted to the Union | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | John F. Lewis (R) | rowspan=2 | January 26, 1870 |- | Virginia (2) | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | John W. Johnston (D) |- | Mississippi (1) | rowspan=2 | Vacant | rowspan=2 style="font-size:80%" | Mississippi re-admitted to the Union | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Adelbert Ames (R) | rowspan=2 | February 23, 1870 |- | Mississippi (2) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Hiram R Revels (R) |- | Texas (1) | rowspan=2 | Vacant | rowspan=2 style="font-size:80%" | Texas re-admitted to the Union | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | James W. Flanagan (R) | March 30, 1870 |- | Texas (2) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Morgan C. Hamilton (R) | March 31, 1870 |- | Georgia (3) | rowspan=2 | Vacant | rowspan=2 style="font-size:80%" | Georgia re-admitted to the Union | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Joshua Hill (R) | February 1, 1871 |- | Georgia (2) | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Homer V. M. Miller (D) | February 28, 1871 |- | Maine (2) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William P. Fessenden (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died September 8, 1869 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Lot M. Morrill (R) | October 30, 1869 |- | Iowa (2) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | James W. Grimes (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 6, 1869 because of failing health | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | James B. Howell (R) | January 18, 1870 |- | Minnesota (2) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Daniel S. Norton (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died July 13, 1870 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William Windom (R) | July 15, 1870 |- | Missouri (3) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Charles D. Drake (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 19, 1870 after being appointed chief justice of the United States Court of Claims | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Daniel T. Jewett (R) | December 19, 1870 |- | Missouri (3) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Daniel T. Jewett (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Successor elected January 20, 1871 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Francis P. Blair, Jr. (D) | January 20, 1871 |- | Minnesota (2) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William Windom (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Successor elected January 22, 1871 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Ozora P. Stearns (R) | January 22, 1871 |}

House of Representatives

Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep |- | South Carolina 3rd | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Contested election with J.P. Reed. Reed was never seated. House declared Hoge entitled to seat. | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Solomon L. Hoge (R) | April 8, 1869 |- | Wyoming Territory At-large | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Territory organized in previous congress and remained vacant until December 6, 1869 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Stephen F. Nuckolls (D) | December 6, 1869 |- | Virginia 2nd | rowspan=8 | Vacant | rowspan=8 style="font-size:80%" | Virginia re-admitted into the Union | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | James H. Platt, Jr. (R) | rowspan=3 | January 26, 1870 |- | Virginia 3rd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Charles H. Porter (R) |- | Virginia 4th | nowrap bgcolor=#FF8C00 | George Booker (C) |- | Virginia 5th | nowrap bgcolor=#FF8C00 | Robert Ridgway (C) | rowspan=2 | January 27, 1870 |- | Virginia 6th | nowrap bgcolor=#FF8C00 | William Milnes, Jr. (C) |- | Virginia 8th | nowrap bgcolor=#FF8C00 | James K. Gibson (C) | January 28, 1870 |- | Virginia 1st | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Richard S. Ayer (R) | rowspan=2 | January 31, 1870 |- | Virginia 7th | nowrap bgcolor=#FF8C00 | Lewis McKenzie (C) |- | Pennsylvania 21st | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Contested election with Henry D. Foster. House declared neither was entitled to seat. House then declared Covode duly elected February 9, 1870 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | John Covode (R) | February 9, 1870 |- | Mississippi 1st | rowspan=4 | Vacant | rowspan=4 style="font-size:80%" | Mississippi re-admitted into the Union | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | George E. Harris (R) | rowspan=4 | February 23, 1870 |- | Mississippi 2nd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Joseph L. Morphis (R) |- | Mississippi 3rd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Henry W. Barry (R) |- | Mississippi 5th | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Legrand W. Perce (R) |- | Texas 1st | rowspan=4 | Vacant | rowspan=4 style="font-size:80%" | Texas re-admitted into the Union | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | George W. Whitmore (R) | March 30, 1870 |- | Texas 2nd | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | John C. Conner (D) | rowspan=3 | March 31, 1870 |- | Texas 3rd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William T. Clark (R) |- | Texas 4th | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Edward Degener (R) |- | Louisiana 4th | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Contested election with Michael Ryan. House declared neither was entitled to seat. Elected to seat thus caused | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Joseph P. Newsham (R) | May 23, 1870 |- | South Carolina 4th | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Contested election with William D. Simpson. Simpson was never seated. House declared Wallace entitled to seat. | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Alexander S. Wallace (R) | May 27, 1870 |- | Louisiana 1st | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Contested election with Louis St. Martin. House declared neither was entitled to seat. Elected to seat thus caused | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | J. Hale Sypher (R) | November 7, 1870 |- | Georgia 1st | rowspan=7 | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Vacancy caused by House declaring Joseph W. Clift not entitled to seat | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | William W. Paine (D) | rowspan=7 | December 22, 1870 |- | Georgia 2nd | style="font-size:80%" | Vacancy caused by House declaring Nelson Tift not entitled to seat | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Richard H. Whiteley (R) |- | Georgia 3rd | style="font-size:80%" | Vacancy caused by House declaring William P. Edwards not entitled to seat | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Marion Bethune (R) |- | Georgia 4th | style="font-size:80%" | Vacancy caused by House declaring Samuel F. Gove not entitled to seat | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Jefferson F. Long (R) |- | Georgia 5th | style="font-size:80%" | Vacancy caused by House declaring Charles H. Prince not entitled to seat | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Stephen A. Corker (D) |- | Georgia 6th | style="font-size:80%" | Failure to elect | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | William P. Price (D) |- | Georgia 7th | style="font-size:80%" | Vacancy caused by House declaring Pierce M. B. Young not entitled to seat. He was subsequently elected to fill the vacancy thus caused | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Pierce M. B. Young (D) |- | Illinois 3rd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Elihu B. Washburne (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 6, 1869 after being appointed United States Secretary of State | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Horatio C. Burchard (R) | December 6, 1869 |- | Massachusetts 7th | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | George S. Boutwell (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 12, 1869 after being appointed United States Secretary of the Treasury | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | George M. Brooks (R) | November 2, 1869 |- | Pennsylvania 3rd | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | John Moffet (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election April 9, 1869 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Leonard Myers (R) | April 9, 1869 |- | Wisconsin 2nd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Benjamin F. Hopkins (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died January 1, 1870 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | David Atwood (R) | February 23, 1870 |- | Ohio 10th | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Truman H. Hoag (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died February 5, 1870 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Erasmus D. Peck (R) | April 23, 1870 |- | New York 11th | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | George W. Greene (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election February 17, 1870 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Charles Van Wyck (R) | February 17, 1870 |- | South Carolina 1st | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Benjamin F. Whittemore (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 24, 1870 pending an investigation of certain appointments to the US Military and Naval Academies | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Joseph Rainey (R) | December 12, 1870 |- | Kentucky 3rd | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Jacob Golladay (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 28, 1870 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Joseph H. Lewis (D) | May 10, 1870 |- | North Carolina 4th | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | John T. Deweese (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 28, 1870 pending an investigation of certain appointments to the US Military and Naval Academies | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | John Manning, Jr. (D) | December 7, 1870 |- | Pennsylvania 5th | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | John R. Reading (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election April 13, 1870 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Caleb N. Taylor (R) | April 13, 1870 |- | North Carolina 2nd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | David Heaton (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died June 25, 1870 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Joseph Dixon (R) | December 5, 1870 |- | New York 28th | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Noah Davis (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 15, 1870 before being appointed U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Charles H. Holmes (R) | December 6, 1870 |- | Iowa 2nd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William Smyth (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died September 30, 1870 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William P. Wolf (R) | December 6, 1870 |- | Virginia 5th | nowrap bgcolor=#FF8C00 | Robert Ridgway (C) | style="font-size:80%" | Died October 16, 1870 | nowrap bgcolor=#FF8C00 | Richard T. W. Duke (C) | November 8, 1870 |- | Ohio 3rd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Robert C. Schenck (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 5, 1871 after being appointed U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom | Vacant | Not filled this Congress |- | Pennsylvania 21st | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | John Covode (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died January 11, 1871 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress |- | Illinois At-large | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | John A. Logan (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned at end of congress March 3, 1871 after being elected to the US Senate for the following term | Vacant | Not filled this Congress |- | Michigan 4th | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Thomas W. Ferry (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned at end of congress March 3, 1871 after being elected to the US Senate for the following term | Vacant | Not filled this Congress |}

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

Bibliography

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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