World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Camp des Milles

Building which served as a concentration camp at Camp des Milles.

The Camp des Milles was a French internment camp, opened in September 1939, in a former tile factory near the village of Les Milles, part of the commune of Aix-en-Provence (Bouches-du-Rhône).[1]

Contents

  • Overview 1
    • History 1.1
    • Memorial 1.2
    • Film 1.3
  • References 2
  • External links 3

Overview

History

The camp was first used to intern Germans and ex-Austrians living in the Marseille area, and by June 1940, some 3,500 artists and intellectuals were detained there.[1][2][3] Inmates included men of letters such as Fritz Brugel, Lion Feuchtwanger, William Herzog, Alfred Kantorowicz, Golo Mann, Walter Hasenclever, scientists such as Nobel Prize laureate Otto Fritz Meyerhof, as well as musicians and painters such as Erich Itor Kahn, Hans Bellmer, Max Ernst, Hermann Henry Gowa, Gustave Herlich, Max Lingner, Ferdinand Springer, Franz Meyer, Jan Meyerowitz, François Willi Wendt and Robert Liebknecht.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Between 1941 and 1942 Le Camp des Milles was used as a transit camp for Jews, mainly men. Women were at the Centre Bompard in Marseille, while they waited for their visas and anthorisations to emigrate. As emigration became impossible, Les Milles became one of the centres de rassemblement before deportation.[1] About 2,000 of the inmates were shipped off to the Drancy internment camp on the way to Auschwitz.[3] After the war, the site was briefly re-opened in 1946 as a factory.

Memorial

Since 1993, the sites serves as a World War II memorial.[3] The "Fondation du camp des Milles: mémoire et éducation" (Foundation of the Camp des Milles: Memory and Education) is directed by Alain Chouraqui, a researcher at the French National Centre for Scientific Research.[2]

On September 10, 2012, seventy years after the last train left from Les Milles to the Auschwitz concentration camp, the memorial was inaugurated by French Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault.[2] Elie Wiesel, Simone Veil and Serge Klarsfeld visited and praised the memorial.[2]

The Memorial also includes the sculpture, "They will never be forgotten: Serge and Beate Klarsfeld, and Marceline Kogan" by Hal Goldberg.

Film

In 1995, a movie entitled Les Milles commemorating this camp and the events that took place in this camp at the time of the Armistice in June 1940 was made.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Guénaël Lemouee, Camp des Milles : la mémoire de la déportation, La Provence, 10 September 2012
  2. ^ a b c d e Aliette de Broqua, Ayrault au mémorial du camp des Milles, Le Figaro, 10/09/2012
  3. ^ a b c d Olivier Bertrand, Camp des Milles : «Parti sans laisser d’adresse», Libération, 10 July 2012
  4. ^ Jean-Marc Chouraqui, Gilles Dorival, Colette Zytnicki, Enjeux d'Histoire, Jeux de Mémoire: les Usages du Passé Juif, Maisonneuve & Larose, 2006, p. 548 [2]
  5. ^ Histoire du camp - L’internement
  6. ^ Memoire juive

External links

  • Website about the Camp des Milles
  • The artists of the Camp des Milles (in French)
  • Personal website about the camp (in French)
  • Webpage about the camp (in French)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.