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List of United States Senators in the 23rd Congress by seniority

This is a classification of United States Senators by seniority from March 4, 1833 to March 3, 1835. Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1834 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.
Rank Name (Party-State) Seniority date Other factors
1 William Rufus de Vane King (J-AL) December 14, 1819
2 Nehemiah Rice Knight (AJ-RI) January 9, 1821
3 Thomas Hart Benton (D-MO) August 10, 1821
4 Samuel Bell (AJ-NH) March 4, 1823
5 Josiah Stoddard Johnston (AJ-LA) January 15, 1824
6 William Hendricks (A-IN) March 4, 1825 Former Representative
7 Elias Kent Kane (J-IL)
8 Hugh Lawson White (J-TN) October 28, 1825
9 Ashur Robbins (AJ-RI) October 31, 1825
10 Ezekiel Forman Chambers (A-VA)[3] January 24, 1826
11 Nathaniel Silsbee (A-MA) May 31, 1826
12 John Tyler (AJ-VA) March 4, 1827
13 Daniel Webster (AJ-MA) December 17, 1827
14 George Mortimer Bibb (NR-KY) March 4, 1829 Former Senator (3 years)
15 [4] Former Senator (1 year)
16 Peleg Sprague (AJ-ME)[5] Former Representative
17 Theodore Frelinghuysen (AJ-NJ) New Jersey 13th in Population (1820)
18 John Middleton Clayton (AJ-DE) Delaware 22nd in Population (1820)
19 Felix Grundy (D-TN) October 19, 1829
20 John Forsyth (J-GA)[6] November 9, 1829
21 Bedford Brown (D-NC) December 9, 1829
22 Arnold Naudain (AJ-DE) January 13, 1830
23 George Poindexter (AJ-MS) October 15, 1830
24 John McCracken Robinson (J-IL) December 11, 1830
25 Gideon Tomlinson (AJ-CT) March 4, 1831 Former Representative (8 years); Connecticut 14th in Population (1820)
26 Gabriel Moore (J-AL) Former Representative (8 years); Alabama 19th in Population (1820)
27 Willie Person Mangum (AJ-NC) Former Representative (3 years)
28 William Wilkins (J-PA)[7] Pennsylvania 2nd in Population (1820)
29 Thomas Ewing (AJ-OH) Ohio 5th in Population (1820)
30 Isaac Hill (J-NH) New Hampshire 15th in Population (1820)
31 Samuel Prentiss (AJ-VT) Vermont 16th in Population (1820)
32 Alexander Buckner (J-MO)[8] Missouri 23rd in Population (1820)
33 Henry Clay (AJ-KY) November 10, 1831
34 George Augustus Waggaman (AJ-LA) November 15, 1831
35 John Tipton (J-IN) January 3, 1832
36 John Black (J-MS) November 12, 1832
37 William Cabell Rives (AJ-VA)[9] December 10, 1832
38 John Caldwell Calhoun (N-SC) December 29, 1832
39 Silas Wright, Jr. (D-NY) January 4, 1833
40 Samuel Lewis Southard (AJ-NJ) March 4, 1833 Former Senator
41 Joseph Kent (AJ-MD) Former Representative (10 years)
42 Samuel McKean (J-PA) Former Representative (6 years)
43 Benjamin Swift (AJ-VT) Former Representative (4 years)
44 Nathaniel Pitcher Tallmadge (J-NY) New York 1st in Population (1830)
45 Thomas Morris (J-OH) Ohio 4th in Population (1830)
46 Ether Shepley (J-ME) Maine 12th in Population (1830)
47 Nathan Smith (AJ-CT) Connecticut 16th in Population (1830)
Lewis Fields Linn (J-MO) October 25, 1833
John Pendleton King (J-GA) November 21, 1833
48 William Campbell Preston (N-SC) November 26, 1833
Alexander Porter (AJ-LA) December 19, 1833
Benjamin Watkins Leigh (AJ-VA) February 26, 1834
James Buchanan (D-PA) December 6, 1834
Robert Henry Goldsborough (AJ-MD) January 13, 1835
John Ruggles (J-ME) January 20, 1835

Notes

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1820 Census Results
  3. ^ Ezekiel Chambers resigned December 20, 1834
  4. ^ George Troup resigned November 8, 1833
  5. ^ Peleg Sprague resigned January 1, 1835
  6. ^ John Forsyth resigned June 27, 1834
  7. ^ William Wilkins resigned June 30, 1834
  8. ^ Alexander Buckner resigned June 6, 1833
  9. ^ William Rives resigned February 22, 1834

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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