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List of United States Senators in the 24th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of United States Senators by seniority from March 4, 1835 to March 3, 1837. Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1836 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.
Rank Name (Party-State) Seniority date Other factors
1 William Rufus de Vane King (J-AL) December 14, 1819
2 Nehemiah Rice Knight (AJ-RI) January 9, 1821
3 Thomas Hart Benton (D-MO) August 10, 1821
4 William Hendricks (A-IN) March 4, 1825 Former Representative
5 Elias Kent Kane (J-IL)[3]
6 Hugh Lawson White (AJ-TN) October 28, 1825
7 Ashur Robbins (AJ-RI) October 31, 1825
8 John Tyler (AJ-VA)[4] March 4, 1827
9 Daniel Webster (AJ-MA) December 17, 1827
10 John Middleton Clayton (AJ-DE)[5] March 4, 1829
11 Felix Grundy (D-TN) October 19, 1829
12 Bedford Brown (D-NC) December 9, 1829
13 Arnold Naudain (AJ-DE)[6] January 13, 1830
14 John McCracken Robinson (J-IL) December 11, 1830
15 Gideon Tomlinson (AJ-CT) March 4, 1831 Former Representative (8 years); Connecticut 14th in Population (1820)
16 Gabriel Moore (J-AL) Former Representative (8 years); Alabama 19th in Population (1820)
17 Willie Person Mangum (AJ-NC)[7] Former Representative (3 years)
18 Thomas Ewing (AJ-OH) Ohio 5th in Population (1820)
19 Isaac Hill (D-NH)[8] New Hampshire 15th in Population (1820)
20 Samuel Prentiss (AJ-VT) Vermont 16th in Population (1820)
21 Henry Clay (AJ-KY) November 10, 1831
22 John Tipton (D-IN) January 3, 1832
23 John Black (J-MS) November 12, 1832
24 John Caldwell Calhoun (N-SC) December 29, 1832
25 Silas Wright, Jr. (D-NY) January 4, 1833
26 Samuel Lewis Southard (AJ-NJ) March 4, 1833 Former Senator
27 Joseph Kent (AJ-MD) Former Representative (10 years)
28 Samuel McKean (J-PA) Former Representative (6 years)
29 Benjamin Swift (AJ-VT) Former Representative (4 years)
30 Nathaniel Pitcher Tallmadge (J-NY) New York 1st in Population (1830)
31 Thomas Morris (J-OH) Ohio 4th in Population (1830)
32 Ether Shepley (J-ME)[9] Maine 12th in Population (1830)
33 Nathan Smith (AJ-CT)[10] Connecticut 16th in Population (1830)
34 Lewis Fields Linn (J-MO) October 25, 1833
35 John Pendleton King (D-GA) November 21, 1833
36 William Campbell Preston (N-SC) November 26, 1833
37 Alexander Porter (AJ-LA)[11] December 19, 1833
38 Benjamin Watkins Leigh (AJ-VA)[12] February 26, 1834
39 James Buchanan (D-PA) December 6, 1834
40 Alfred Cuthbert (W-MD) January 12, 1835
41 Robert Henry Goldsborough (W-MD)[13] January 13, 1835
42 John Ruggles (J-ME) January 20, 1835
43 John Jordan Crittenden (AJ-KY) March 4, 1835 Former Senator
44 Henry Hubbard (D-NH) Former Representative
45 John Davis (AJ-MA) Former Governor
46 Garret Dorset Wall (D-NJ) New Jersey 14th in Population (1830)
47 Robert John Walker (D-MS) Mississippi 22nd in Population (1830)
John M. Niles (D-CT) December 21, 1835
William Lee Davidson Ewing (J-IL) December 30, 1835
48 Robert Carter Nicholas (J-LA) January 13, 1836
William Cabell Rives (J-VA) March 4, 1836
John Page (J-NH) June 8, 1836
Richard Henry Bayard (AJ-DE) June 17, 1836
49 Ambrose Hundley Sevier (J-AR) September 18, 1836 Former Delegate
50 William Savin Fulton (D-AR)
Robert Strange (J-NC) December 5, 1836
Judah Dana (J-ME) December 7, 1836
Richard Elliott Parker (J-VA) December 12, 1836
John Selby Spence (AJ-MD) December 31, 1836
Thomas Clayton (AJ-DE) January 9, 1837
Alexander Mouton (D-LA) January 12, 1837
51 Lucius Lyon (D-MI) January 26, 1837 Former Delegate
52 John Norvell (D-MI)

Notes

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1820 Census Results
  3. ^ Elias Kane resigned December 12, 1835
  4. ^ John Tyler resigned February 29, 1836
  5. ^ John Clayton resigned December 29, 1836
  6. ^ Arnold Naudain resigned June 16, 1836
  7. ^ Willie Mangum resigned November 26, 1836
  8. ^ Isaac Hill resigned May 30, 1836
  9. ^ Ether Shepley resigned March 3, 1836
  10. ^ Nathan Smith resigned December 6, 1835
  11. ^ Alexander Porter resigned January 5, 1837
  12. ^ Benjamin Leigh resigned July 4, 1836
  13. ^ Robert Goldsborough resigned October 5, 1836

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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