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List of United States Senators in the 44th Congress by seniority


List of United States Senators in the 44th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of members of the United States Senate by seniority during the 44th United States Congress, from March 4, 1875 to March 4, 1877.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3][4]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the Congress (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1876 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Name Seniority Date Other Factors
Henry B. Anthony (R-RI) March 4, 1859 Former Governor
Timothy O. Howe (R-WI) March 4, 1861
John Sherman (R-OH) March 21, 1861
Aaron H. Cragin (R-NH) March 4, 1865
George F. Edmunds (R-VT) April 3, 1866
Roscoe Conkling (R-NY) March 4, 1867
Justin Smith Morrill (R-VT)
Oliver P. Morton (R-IN)
Simon Cameron (R-PA)
Orris S. Ferry (R-CT)
George E. Spencer (R-AL) July 13, 1868
Thomas J. Robertson (R-SC) July 15, 1868
Thomas F. Bayard (D-DE) March 4, 1869
Hannibal Hamlin (R-ME)
Allen G. Thurman (D-OH)
Lot M. Morrill (D-ME) October 30, 1869
John W. Johnston (D-VA) January 26, 1870
Morgan C. Hamilton (R-TX) March 31, 1870
Eli M. Saulsbury (D-DE) March 4, 1871
Thomas W. Ferry (R-MI)
William Windom (R-MN) Former Rep.
Henry G. Davis (D-WV)
George Goldthwaite] (D-AL)
Powell Clayton] (R-AR)
John A. Logan (R-IL)
George G. Wright (R-IA)
John W. Stevenson (D-KY)
Joseph R. West (R-LA)
Phineas Hitchcock (R-NE)
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen (R-NJ)
James K. Kelly (D-OR)
Henry Cooper (D-TN)
Thomas M. Norwood (D-GA) November 14, 1871
James L. Alcorn (R-MS) December 1, 1871
Matt W. Ransom (D-NC) January 30, 1872
William B. Allison (R-IA) March 4, 1873 Former Rep.
John P. Jones (R-NV)
John B. Gordon (D-GA)
Stephen Wallace Dorsey (R-AR)
Aaron A. Sargent (R-CA)
Simon B. Conover (R-FL)
Richard J. Oglesby (R-IL)
Thomas C. McCreery (D-KY)
George R. Dennis (D-MD)
Lewis V. Bogy (D-MO)
Bainbridge Wadleigh (R-NH)
Augustus S. Merrimon (D-NC)
John H. Mitchell (R-OR)
John J. Patterson (R-SC)
George S. Boutwell (R-MA) March 17, 1873
James M. Harvey (R-KS) February 8, 1874
William W. Eaton (D-CT) February 5, 1875
Francis Cockrell (D-MO) March 4, 1875
Henry L. Dawes (R-MA)
Charles W. Jones (D-FL)
Samuel J. R. McMillan (R-MN)
Samuel B. Maxey (D-TX)
Ambrose Burnside (R-RI) Former Governor
Newton Booth (Anti-Mono.-CA) Former Governor
Joseph E. McDonald (D-IN) Former Rep.
William Pinkney Whyte (D-MD)
Blanche Bruce (R-MS)
Algernon Paddock (R-NE)
Theodore F. Randolph (D-NJ) Former Governor
Francis Kernan (D-NY)
William A. Wallace (D-PA)
Robert E. Withers (D-VA)
Isaac P. Christiancy (R-MI)
Andrew Johnson (D-TN)
Allen T. Caperton (D-WV)
William Sharon (D-NV) April 2, 1875
David M. Key (D-TN) August 18, 1875
James E. English (D-CT) November 27, 1875
James B. Eustis (D-LA) January 12, 1876
William H. Barnum (D-CT) May 18, 1876
James G. Blaine (R-MA) July 10, 1876 Former Rep.
Samuel Price (D-TN) August 26, 1876
Henry M. Teller (R-CO) November 15, 1876
Jerome B. Chaffee (R-CO)
James E. Bailey (D-TN) January 19, 1877
Frank Hereford (D-WV) January 31, 1877


  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via
  2. ^ 1871 U.S Census Report Contains 1870 Census results
  3. ^ 1881 U.S Census Report Contains 1880 Census results
  4. ^ 1891 U.S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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