World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

PS, The Preventive Maintenance Monthly

PS, The Preventive Maintenance Monthly
Premiere issue of PS (June 1951). Art by Will Eisner.
Categories preventive maintenance
Frequency monthly
Publisher Department of the Army
First issue June 1951
Country  United States
Based in Redstone Arsenal, Alabama
Website .cfm/psonline/
ISSN 0475-2953

PS, The Preventive Maintenance Monthly is series of United States Army technical bulletins published since June 1951 as a monthly magazine with comic book-style art to illustrate proper preventive maintenance methods. (The magazine's title derives from its being a "postscript" to technical manuals and other published maintenance guidance.)[1]


  • Origin 1
  • Production 2
  • Characters 3
  • Citations 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The Army had experienced some degree of acceptance and success during WWII with the instructional publication Army Motors, for which Corporal Will Eisner, an established comic-book writer-artist-editor, had been appropriated to draw such characters as Beetle Bailey-like Private Joe Dope, Lauren Bacall look-alike and "by the book" Corporal Connie Rodd, and Master Sergeant Half-Mast McCanick.[2] Eisner left the Army as a Chief Warrant Officer to start American Visuals Corporation, a contract graphic art company. In response to a sudden need for maintenance instruction at the start of the Korean War, the Army contracted American Visuals in 1951 to create instructional material similar to Eisner's work on Army Motors for the Army Ordnance Corps's new publication, PS, The Preventive Maintenance Monthly.[3][4]


In 1968 and 1969, Eisner illustrated The M16A1 Rifle (DA PAM 750-30) as a standalone issue of PS specifically to address issues related to the then-new M16 rifle as it was fielded in Vietnam.[5][6]

Eisner was the publication's artistic director from its inception through the end of 1971. The magazine's artists have included Eisner, Murphy Anderson, Joe Kubert, Dan Spiegle, Scott Madsen, Malane Newman, Alfredo Alcala, and Mike Ploog.[7] The magazine from its inception has been, written, researched, and edited by Department of the Army civilians.

The magazine is published in digest size, with 2-color spots and a four-color cover and continuity. The continuity consists of a short story told through the use of a series of panels like any comic book, often with a theme borrowed from popular fiction.[8] The home office of PS was located at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, from April 1951 through January 1955, when it was moved to Raritan Arsenal, New Jersey. It was moved again in October 1962 to Fort Knox, Kentucky. It remained there until July 1973, when it moved to the Lexington-Blue Grass Army Depot in Kentucky. In June 1993, it moved to Redstone Arsenal, Alabama.

Department of the Army pamphlets 750-30 (about the M16 rifle) and 750-31 (about the Gama Goat) as well as numerous posters including 750-78 (about the role of enlisted leadership in preventative maintenance) were also produced in the style of PS, in some cases utilizing the same characters.[9]


A typical PS illustration publicizing new information: M1 tank crewmen may now mount a roadwheel atop their anthropomorphic tank's turret, due to the availability of a new type of mounting assembly

Master Sergeant Half-Mast and Connie Rodd (now a civilian) as well as Privates Dope and Fosgnoff were brought by Eisner from Army Motors. Dope and Fosgnoff served as cautionary tales while Half-Mast provided direct technical guidance. Following Army complaints about screw-ups Dope and Fosgnoff, both characters were permanently removed in 1955.[10] As other combat support/ combat service support elements joined the magazine, new characters were added to represent branch-specific issues: Bull Dozer for the engineers in 1954, Percy the Skunk for the Chemical Corps in 1960, Windy Windsock (and later Benjamin "Rotor" Blade) for aviation in 1962, and Macon Sparks for the signal corps in 1977. To better serve a diversifying demographic in the military audience, in 1970 an African-American civilian woman, Bonnie, was added.[11] A Hispanic quartermaster Sergeant, Pablo Hablo, was introduced in 1993 but was removed only five years later after being perceived as a racial stereotype. In 2001 On-Line Warrior was added to the P.S. line-up to communicate information about online resources.[12]

From the 1950s through the 1970s, Connie and Bonnie were played up as "cheesecake" targeted at the mostly male GIs to help interest them in using PS. Following an increased presence of females in the Army and at the urging of Congresswoman Bella Abzug as well as Senators William Proxmire and Orrin Hatch, the magazine updated Connie and Bonnie in March 1980 to a more modest and professional form.[13]

Sherry Steward has opined that the anthropomorphism of military equipment in the magazine helps the military audience "build serious relationships with technology... personified equipment often reflects emotions of anger, sadness, fear, and happiness to appeal to the reader's sense of responsibility."[14] Through facial expressions, body language, and dialogue the anthropomorphized equipment reacts Soldiers' activity, establishing empathy among those charged with maintenance toward the Army's equipment.[15]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Steward 2004, p. 34.
  3. ^
  4. ^ Graham 2011, pp. 17-18.
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ p. 156 Cooke, Jon B. & Adams, Neil Comic Book Artist Collection Mike Ploog Interview The Man Called Ploog 2000 TwoMorrows Publishing
  8. ^ Steward 2004, p. 54.
  9. ^ Graham 2011, pp. 75,76,80-81.
  10. ^ Steward 2004, p. 56.
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^ Steward 2004, p. 88.
  14. ^ Steward 2004, pp. 55-56.
  15. ^ Steward 2004, pp. 89-91.


External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.