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Accokeek, Maryland

Accokeek
Census-designated place

Location in Prince George's County
Accokeek is located in USA
Accokeek
Location in the United States
Coordinates:
Country United States of America
State Maryland
County Prince George's
Area[1]
 • Total 28.803 sq mi (74.60 km2)
 • Land 27.436 sq mi (71.06 km2)
 • Water 1.367 sq mi (3.54 km2)
Elevation[2] 194 ft (59 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,573
 • Rank 118th[3]
 • Density 370/sq mi (140/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 20607
Area code 301
FIPS code 24-00250
GNIS feature ID 596993

Accokeek is an Maryland, United States, located about 12 miles (19 km) south of Washington, D.C. The population was 10,573 at the 2010 census. It is home to Piscataway Park.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
  • Economy 4
    • Tourism 4.1
    • Manufacturing / industry 4.2
    • Military 4.3
  • Arts and culture 5
    • Annual cultural events 5.1
    • Tourism 5.2
  • Sports 6
  • Parks and recreation 7
  • Government 8
  • Education 9
  • Major Roads 10
  • Transportation 11
  • Sister cities and international relations 12
  • Notes 13
  • References 14
  • External links 15

History

Captain John Smith was the first European to see the Accokeek area when he sailed up the Potomac River.[4] Father Andrew White, an English Jesuit missionary, later visited the Indian village and chief in nearby Piscataway. English farmers and planters settled the area in the late 17th century, and Christ Church (later Christ Episcopal Church) was established as a "Chapel of Ease" mission of St. John's Broad Creek in 1698. Marshall Hall was an outstanding colonial home southwest of Accokeek, in the river bottomlands near Bryans Road.

Henry and Alice Ferguson settled in Accokeek when they purchased "Hard Bargain Farm" overlooking the Potomac River in 1922, as a vacation retreat.[5] Henry Ferguson (1882–1966), an Ivy League-educated man (Harvard and Yale), worked for the Geological Survey starting in 1911.[6][7][8] Alice Leczinska Lowe Ferguson (1880–1951), wife of Henry Gardiner Ferguson, trained as a painter at the Corcoran School of Art in Washington, D.C, and had interests in archeology as well.[9][10] Supposing it to be the site of the Moyaone (or Moyoane) Indian Village in Accokeek visited by Captain John Smith,[11] during his early explorations of North America, in the 1930s Alice Ferguson initiated archeological excavations. She wrote papers on the Piscataway Indians. A recent source states that while the site is probably not the one described by Captain John Smith, it is nonetheless still important.[12] In 1966, the Accokeek Creek Site was made a National Historic Landmark.[9]

After World War II, Maryland Route 210, a new two-lane highway to Washington, D.C., opened rural Accokeek to settlement by commuters. It attracted a limited number of settlers, especially U.S. Naval scientists and other intellectuals who built contemporary-style homes in an ecologically protected restricted area of west Accokeek called the "Moyaone Reserve". It retains a rural scenic character to this day.[13] Some of these homes were designed individually by architect Charles Wagner, an early Moyaone resident whose family are still active in the community. Dorothy Odell, The Home of Architect Charles Wagner.

Italian arms company Beretta opened a factory in Accokeek in the 1970s.[14] It won a federal contract to produce pistols for the military in 1985.[15]

On April 4, 2013, the company reported it would move its facilities out of Maryland to a state with a more business friendly environment for its products. It employs 400 people and pays $31 mil. to Maryland yearly.[16]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the place has a total area of 28.803 square miles (74.60 km2), of which 27.436 square miles (71.06 km2) is land and 1.367 square miles (3.54 km2) is water.[1]

Climate

Climate data for Accokeek (Washington Reagan Airport, VA; 1981–2010 averages, 1871–2010 extremes)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26)
84
(29)
93
(34)
95
(35)
99
(37)
104
(40)
106
(41)
106
(41)
104
(40)
96
(36)
86
(30)
79
(26)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 43.4
(6.3)
47.1
(8.4)
55.9
(13.3)
66.6
(19.2)
75.4
(24.1)
84.2
(29)
88.4
(31.3)
86.5
(30.3)
79.5
(26.4)
68.4
(20.2)
57.9
(14.4)
46.8
(8.2)
66.68
(19.26)
Daily mean °F (°C) 36.0
(2.2)
39.0
(3.9)
46.8
(8.2)
56.8
(13.8)
66.0
(18.9)
75.2
(24)
79.8
(26.6)
78.1
(25.6)
71.0
(21.7)
59.5
(15.3)
49.6
(9.8)
39.7
(4.3)
58.13
(14.53)
Average low °F (°C) 28.6
(−1.9)
30.9
(−0.6)
37.6
(3.1)
47.0
(8.3)
56.5
(13.6)
66.3
(19.1)
71.1
(21.7)
69.7
(20.9)
62.4
(16.9)
50.6
(10.3)
41.2
(5.1)
32.5
(0.3)
49.53
(9.73)
Record low °F (°C) −14
(−26)
−15
(−26)
4
(−16)
15
(−9)
33
(1)
43
(6)
52
(11)
49
(9)
36
(2)
26
(−3)
11
(−12)
−13
(−25)
−15
(−26)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.81
(71.4)
2.62
(66.5)
3.48
(88.4)
3.06
(77.7)
3.99
(101.3)
3.78
(96)
3.73
(94.7)
2.93
(74.4)
3.72
(94.5)
3.40
(86.4)
3.17
(80.5)
3.05
(77.5)
39.74
(1,009.3)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5.6
(14.2)
5.7
(14.5)
1.3
(3.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
2.3
(5.8)
15.4
(39.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0mm) 7.8 7.3 8.0 7.6 8.9 7.5 7.8 7.4 5.9 5.7 6.7 7.1 87.7
Average rainy days 10.0 10.4 13.6 14.8 16.0 14.2 13.8 13.5 10.6 10.9 12.3 12.0 152.1
Average snowy days 7.8 6.4 3.7 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.4 5.1 25.2
Average relative humidity (%) 62.1 60.5 58.6 58.0 64.5 65.8 66.9 69.3 69.7 67.4 64.7 64.1 64.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 144.6 151.8 204.0 228.2 260.5 283.2 280.5 263.1 225.0 203.6 150.2 133.0 2,527.7
Percent possible sunshine 48 50 55 57 59 64 62 62 60 59 50 45 57
Source #1: National Weather Service[17]
Source #2: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration[18]

Demographics

As of the 2010 census, there were 10,573 people, 3,601 households, and 2,835 families residing in the city. The population density was 385.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,816 housing units at an average density of 139.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 64.4% African American, 24.9% White, 0.02% Native American, 5.5% Asian, 1.9% other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.7% of the population.[21]

There were 3,601 households of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 21.3% were non-families. 16.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94, and the average family size was 3.29.[21]

The median age of the city was 41.2 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the age of 18 and 24; 25.5% were from 25 to 44; 33.5% were from 45 to 64; and 9.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% males and 50.8% female.

As of 2013, 92.8% (9,690) of Accokeek residents spoke English at home as a primary language, while 3.2% (335) spoke Spanish and 2.4% (253) spoke Tagalong. In total, 7.1% (750) of Accokeek's population age five and older spoke another language other than English.[21]

Economy

Tourism

Manufacturing / industry

Military

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

Tourism

Sports

Parks and recreation

The following sites located at Accokeek are included on the National Register of Historic Places:

Landmark name Image Date listed Location
1 Accokeek Creek Site 1966-10-15 Address Restricted
2 Bellevue 1986-08-21 200 Manning Rd. E
3 Piscataway Park 1966-10-15 E of Potomac River, south of Piscataway Creek, in Prince George's and Charles Counties

Government

Education

The schools located in Accokeek are:

  • Accokeek Academy
  • Eugene Burroughs Middle School
  • Beddow High School
  • Henry G. Ferguson Elementary School
  • Potomac Landing Elementary School
  • Fort Washingotn Forest Elementary School
  • Mattawoman Middle School

Major Roads

There are currently no Federal highways in Accokeek; however there are four state highways:
MD 210
MD 228
MD 229
MD 373
[22]

Transportation

The Washington Metro has bus service to Accokeek on the W-19 and W-13 Routes, which can be taken to the Southern Avenue or Branch Avenue Metro Stop.[23] The State of Maryland contacted a bus route, named the 906 Express Commuter Bus, which runs from Waldorf and Accokeek to Washington, DC.[24]

Sister cities and international relations

Notes

  1. ^ a b "2014 Gazetteer: Maryland". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  2. ^ "Feature Detail Report for: Accokeek". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  3. ^ United States Census Bureau 2012, p. 43
  4. ^ Robert S. Grumet (September 2000). "Bay, Plain and Piedmont" (PDF). Chesapeake Bay Heritage Context Project. p. 43. 
  5. ^ "Alice Ferguson Foundation – The Ferguson Era". Archived from the original on August 6, 2008. 
  6. ^ "History and Tradition". Henry G. Ferguson Elementary School. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  7. ^ "A Guide to Early African Collections in the Smithsonian Institution" (PDF). Smithsonian Institution. 1994. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  8. ^ Catalogue — Students in the School 1910-1911. Yale University Graduate School. 1906. p. 155. 
  9. ^ a b "Alice and Our Beginnings". Alice Ferguson Foundation. Archived from the original on May 7, 2008. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  10. ^ "Alice Lowe Leczinska Ferguson". Ask ART. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  11. ^ Captain John Smith, diary and book, Chesapeake Voyages, 1607-1609, an account of exploration of the Chesapeake Bay region including stop at Moyoane Indian village on the Potomac River.
  12. ^ Richard J. Dent, Jr. (1995). Chesapeake prehistory old traditions, new directions. Springer. pp. 45–46.  
  13. ^ Ann Cameron Siegal (2005-07-23). "Quietly Tucked In Near the Potomac". The Washington Post. pp. G01. Retrieved 2007-10-14. 
  14. ^ "Beretta Celebrates 475 Years of Gunmaking". Gallery of Guns. 2002-11-22. Archived from the original on October 20, 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-25.  According to this source, the factory opened in 1977.
  15. ^ Clede, Bill (December 1989). "SI Profile: Beretta U.S.A - firearm manufacturer - company profile". Shooting Industry. Retrieved 2007-12-25.  According to this source, the factory size was doubled in 1985 after Beretta was awarded a contract to produce the U.S. Armed Forces new standard issue 9mm sidearms, under the XM-9 contract.
  16. ^ "Beretta Leaves Maryland Tax loss of $31 mil.". Drudge.com. April 4, 2013. Retrieved April 8, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Washington National Airport Normals, Means, and Extremes". National Weather Service. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  18. ^ "Station Name: Washington DC/National Arpt VA". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  19. ^ http://www.census.gov/prod/cen1990/cph2/cph-2-22.pdf 21
  20. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml
  21. ^ a b c http://www.factfinder2.census.gov
  22. ^ http://www.mdroads.com/routes/md.html
  23. ^ http://www.wmata.com/pdfs/bus/PG_County_System_Map.pdf?
  24. ^ http://mta.maryland.govs/default/files/906Nov2011.pdf

References

  • Bryson, Kenneth (2013). Accokeek. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing.  
  • United States Census Bureau (2012). "Maryland: 2010" (PDF). United States Department of Commerce. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Greater Accokeek Civic Association (Archived 2009-10-24)
  • Accokeek Foundation at Piscataway Park - The National Colonial Farm, programs, calendar
  • Alice Ferguson Foundation
  • Moyaone Association
  • Accokeek, Maryland at DMOZ
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