World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0008822204
Reproduction Date:

Title: Alexandrium  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hill forts, National parks of Israel, Alexander of Judaea, Aristobulus II, Siege of Jerusalem (63 BC)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Hasmonean wall at Alexandrium
Alexandrium is located in the Palestinian territories
Shown within the Palestinian territories
Alternate name Alexandrion, Sartaba
Location Jericho Governorate, West Bank
Region Judea
Type Fortification
Builder Probably Alexander Jannaeus
Founded 1st century BC
Abandoned About 70 AD
Periods Hellenistic to Roman Empire

Alexandrion or Alexandrium, sometimes referred to as Sartaba, was a fort constructed by the Hasmoneans[1] on a mountain between Scythopolis and Jerusalem, near the Jordan Valley.[2] It was likely named after Hasmonean king Alexander Jannæus (104-77 BCE).


  • History 1
  • References 2
    • Notes 2.1
    • Bibliography 2.2
  • External links 3


Alexandrium was constructed by the Hasmoneans near the border with Samaria to accommodate a military garrison, as well as to guard political prisoners.[3] It is later mentioned during Pompey the Great's conquest of Judea as a stronghold of Aristobulus II: "When, in the year 64, Pompey marched past Pella and Scythopolis to Coreæ, on the northern boundary of Judea, Aristobulus II fell back on Alexandrium."[4]

The fort was restored by Herod the Great, a task he assigned to his brother Pheroras. Herod used the fort as a prison for his political opponents, holding his wife Mariamne and mother Alexandra there in 30 BCE. It was also the burial site of Alexander and Aristobulus, the two sons Herod had executed at Sebaste in 7 BCE.[2]

Alexandrium was finally razed by Vespasian or Titus during the Great Revolt.[5]



  1. ^ Josephus, 13:417Antiquities of the Jews
  2. ^ a b Rocca 2008, pp. 30-32
  3. ^ Rocca 2008, p. 12
  4. ^ Josephus, 14:48Antiquities of the Jews
  5. ^ Krauss, Samuel. "ALEXANDRIUM". Retrieved May 7, 2011. 


  • Josephus, Flavius. William Whiston, A.M., translator (1895). The Works of Flavius Josephus. Auburn and Buffalo, New York: John E. Beardsley. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
  • Rocca, Samuel (2008). The Forts of Judaea 168 BC – AD 73. Oxford, United Kingdom: Osprey Publishing.  

External links

  • Pictures of Alexandrium-Sartaba
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.