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Autonomous regions of China

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Title: Autonomous regions of China  
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Subject: Evenks, Administrative divisions of China, China, Provinces of China, Subdivisions of China
Collection: Autonomous Regions of China, Province-Level Divisions of China
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Autonomous regions of China

Autonomous region (Zizhiqu)
Simplified Chinese 自治区
Traditional Chinese 自治區

An autonomous region (Chinese: 自治区; pinyin: Zìzhìqū) (AR) is a first-level administrative subdivision of China. Like Chinese provinces, an autonomous region has its own local government, but an autonomous region has more legislative rights. An autonomous region is a minority entity which has a higher population of a particular minority ethnic group.

The Inner Mongolia autonomous region was established in 1947; Xinjiang was made autonomous in 1955; Guangxi and Ningxia in 1958, and Tibet in 1965. The designation of Guangxi and Ningxia as Zhuang and Hui autonomous areas, respectively, was bitterly protested by the local Han Chinese, who made up two-thirds of the population of each region. Although Mongols made up even less of a percentage of Inner Mongolia, the ensuing Chinese Civil War gave little opportunity for protest.[1]


  • List of autonomous regions 1
  • Statistics 2
    • Population 2.1
    • Ethnic composition of Autonomous Regions (%, 2000) 2.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

List of autonomous regions

Name in English Hanzi (Simpl.) & Pinyin Local name
Abbreviation Capital
Uyghur Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region 新疆维吾尔自治区
Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū
شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى
Shinjang Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni (Uyghur)

(乌鲁木齐; ئۈرۈمچی‎)
Mongol Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
(Nei Mongol Autonomous Region)
Nèi Měnggǔ Zìzhìqū

Öbür Mongghul-un Öbertegen Jasaqu Orun (Mongolian)

(呼和浩特; )
Tibetan Tibet Autonomous Region
(Xizang Autonomous Region)
Xīzàng Zìzhìqū
Poi Ranggyong Jong (Tibetan)

(拉萨; ལྷ་ས་)
Hui Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region 宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
نٍ شيَا خُوِ ذُوْ ذِ جِ ثُوْ
Nengsẖyạ Kẖuidẖwu Dẖjtẖü
(Xiao'erjing Chinese)

(银川; ىٍ ﭼُﻮًا‎)
Zhuang Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 广西壮族自治区
Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū
Gvangjish Bouxcuengh Swcigih (Zhuang)
(南宁; Namzningz)



Administrative Division National Share (%) 2010 Census[2] 2000 Census[3] 1990 Census[4] 1982 Census[5] 1964 Census[6] 1954 Census[7]
Guangxi 3.5 46,026,629 43,854,538 42,245,765 36,420,960 20,845,017 19,560,822
Inner Mongolia 1.9 24,706,321 23,323,347 21,456,798 19,274,279 12,348,638 6,100,104
Ningxia 0.5 6,176,900 5,486,393 4,655,451 3,895,578 * *
Tibet 0.2 3,002,166 2,616,329 2,196,010 1,892,393 1,251,225 1,273,969
Xinjiang 1.6 21,813,334 18,459,511 15,155,778 13,081,681 7,270,067 4,873,608

Ethnic composition of Autonomous Regions (%, 2000)

Administrative Division Titular Ethnic Group Han Chinese Third Largest Ethnic
Xinjiang (Uyghur) 45.21% 40.58% 6.74% (Kazakh)
Tibet (Tibetan) 92.8% 6.1% 0.35% (Hui)
Inner Mongolia (Mongol) 17.13% 79.17% 2.14% (Manchu)
Ningxia (Hui) 33.9% 65.5 % 1.16 (Manchu)
Guangxi (Zhuang) 32.0% 62.0 % 3.0% (Yao)

Note: In the "Third Largest Ethnic" column is the ethnic group given in brackets, after the names of the autonomous regions and Han people.

See also


  1. ^ Dreyer, June Teufel (1997). "Assimilation and Accomodation in China". In Brown, Michael Edward; Ganguly, Šumit. Government Policies and Ethnic Relations in Asia and the Pacific. MIT Press. p. 365. 
  2. ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census".  
  3. ^ "现将2000年第五次全国人口普查快速汇总的人口地区分布数据公布如下".  
  4. ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九九〇年人口普查主要数据的公报".  
  5. ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九八二年人口普查主要数字的公报".  
  6. ^ "第二次全国人口普查结果的几项主要统计数字".  
  7. ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于第一次全国人口调查登记结果的公报".  
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