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Beit HaKerem, Jerusalem

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Title: Beit HaKerem, Jerusalem  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Givat Beit HaKerem, Yefeh Nof, Kiryat Moshe, Ramat Beit HaKerem, Route 386 (Israel)
Collection: Neighbourhoods of Jerusalem
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Beit HaKerem, Jerusalem

Beit HaKerem, view from east

Beit HaKerem (Hebrew: בית הכרם‎) is a largely secular upscale neighborhood in southwest Jerusalem, Israel.[1] It is located between Kiryat Moshe to the northwest and Bayit VeGan to the south. Beit HaKerem has a population of 15,000.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Education 2
  • Parks and monuments 3
  • Transportation 4
  • Notable residents 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Beit HaKerem, c. 1925

Remnants from the First Temple, Second Temple, Byzantine and Mamluk periods were discovered in a dig on HaSatat Street in 2006.[3] It is named for the biblical city of Beit Hakerem near Jerusalem[4] mentioned in Jeremiah 6:1 and Nehemiah 3:14.

The neighborhood was founded in 1922 as one of six garden cities developed in Jerusalem during the days of the British Mandate for Palestine.[5] Beit HaKerem was planned by Ricard Kaufmann, an architect notable for his Bauhaus style, and was at the time separated from the rest of the city by large swaths of undeveloped land.[6] Beit Hakerem has continued to maintain its 'green' character. According to local lore, the name "Beit HaKerem" is a Hebrew acronym for teacher, clerk, and author, reflecting the middle-class population of the early years.

In the 1960s and 1970s, many university professors and students sought housing in Beit Hakerem due to its proximity to the Givat Ram campus of the Hebrew University, built when the Mount Scopus campus was cut off from Jerusalem in 1948.[7]

Education

David Yellin Teachers College

The neighborhood has 25 kindergartens, four elementary schools and three high schools considered among the most prestigious in Jerusalem.[8] David Yellin College of Education, established in 1913, is located in Beit HaKerem.[9]

Parks and monuments

Historic homes in Beit HaKerem

Gan Ha'esrim park in Beit Hakerem (Park of the Twenty) commemorates 20 residents who died in Israel's War of Independence. Denmark Square (Kikar Denya) honors the Danish people for rescuing 90 percent of its Jewish population during the Holocaust. The monument in the square is shaped like a boat, recalling the boats on which Jews were smuggled to Sweden.[10]

Transportation

The Jerusalem Light Rail, which began service in late 2011, passes through Beit HaKerem and has several stops there providing convenient, rapid transportation to the Jerusalem Central Bus Station, The Convention Center (Binyane Haooma), the forthcoming (early 2018?) terminus of the high-speed rail to Tel Aviv (28 minutes), Cinema City, the Machaneh Yehudah (the shuk) market, as well as to downtown Jerusalem, Zion Square, the Ben Yehudah pedestrian mall, Jerusalem City Hall, the Mamilla shopping mall and the Old City near Jaffa Gate and Damascus Gate.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ Riding Out the Storm
  2. ^ Jerusalem neighborhoods
  3. ^ Israel Antiquities Authority - Articles
  4. ^ Carta's Official Guide to Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land. (3rd edition 1993) Jerusalem, Carta, p.233 , ISBN 965-220-186-3 (English)
  5. ^ British Mandate:Garden suburbs
  6. ^ , Ruth KarkJerusalem and its Environs:Quarters, Neighborhoods, Villages
  7. ^ The Way They Were, In Jerusalem, Jerusalem Post
  8. ^ The Way They Were, In Jerusalem, Jerusalem Post
  9. ^ David Yellin College of Education
  10. ^ Parshat Va-eira 5764 - Aloh Na'aleh - OU.ORG
  11. ^ An interview with Alice Shalvi

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

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