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Bladensburg, Maryland

Bladensburg, Maryland
Town
Town of Bladensburg
Motto: A past to remember, a future to embrace.

Location of Bladensburg, Maryland
Coordinates:
Country  United States of America
State  Maryland
County Area[1]
 • Total 1.01 sq mi (2.62 km2)
 • Land 1.00 sq mi (2.59 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 52 ft (16 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 9,148
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 9,328
 • Density 9,148.0/sq mi (3,532.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 20710
Area code(s) 301
FIPS code 24-07850
GNIS feature ID 0597086

Bladensburg is a town in United States.[4] The population was 9,148 at the 2010 census.[5] Areas in Bladensburg have the ZIP code 20710. Bladensburg is 8.6 miles (13.8 km) from central Washington, D.C.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Historic sites 1.1
  • Property taxes 2
  • Geography 3
    • Bordering areas 3.1
  • Demographics 4
    • 2010 census 4.1
    • 2000 census 4.2
  • Education 5
    • Primary and secondary schools 5.1
      • Public schools 5.1.1
      • Private schools 5.1.2
  • Religion 6
  • Notable people 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

Originally called Garrison’s Landing, Bladensburg was renamed in honor of Thomas Bladen, governor of Maryland, 1742–1747. Bladensburg was established in 1742 as a regional commercial center by an act of the Maryland General Assembly. The act also authorized the town commissioners to purchase 60 acres (240,000 m2) of land to be laid out in 1-acre (4,000 m2) lots. The act required that a house covering at least 400 square feet (37 m2) of ground with a brick or stone chimney be constructed within 18 months of the sale of the lot. As of 6 June 1746, only 18 of the lots had been improved according to the stipulations of the act. Christopher Lowndes' house, Bostwick, and those built by David Ross and William Hilleary (the William Hilleary House) were among them.[6] With the establishment in 1747 of a government tobacco inspection system, Bladensburg became a designated tobacco inspection and grading port. The Market Master's House is evidence of that role.

A seaport during the colonial period, Bladensburg is best remembered for the Battle of Bladensburg (1814) during the War of 1812, notable because it was the only battle in American history in which a sitting president (James Madison) rode into battle. America's eventual defeat, called "the greatest disgrace ever dealt to American arms",[7] cleared the way for the burning of Washington by British troops. Its role as a seaport faded as the Anacostia River silted up and larger ships could no longer reach the port.

However, the town remained an important crossroads of routes north to Baltimore and Philadelphia, south and east to the towns of Annapolis and Upper Marlboro, and west to the District of Columbia. The original terminus of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was Bladensburg, forcing all passengers intended for Washington to board carriages to continue on into the city. A sharp decline of passengers was experienced in Bladensburg when an extension of the B&O was permitted into the District of Columbia in 1835.[8][9]

Bladensburg remained a small town throughout the rest of the 19th century with modest development and infrastructure improvements. A major attraction in Bladensburg from the 18th century through the 20th century was the Spa Springs. Thought to be a cure for various illnesses, the springs attracted visitors from throughout the region and was reachable by the Washington, Spa Spring and Gretta Railroad. Another attraction was the Bladensburg Dueling Grounds or Dueling Creek, the site of many famous duels until after the American Civil War. The town was incorporated in 1854. Schools and churches were constructed, including the first Freedmen's Bureau school for African Americans in 1866. The town experienced its most significant growth in the early 20th century with the construction of the first two residential sections of the town in 1914 and 1917. Named Decatur Heights, the subdivisions had gridded streets platted on the north and south sides of Annapolis Road. The town was enlarged again in 1947 by the Sunnybrook subdivision. The mid to late 20th century brought additional residential construction in the form of single-family houses and apartment complexes, as well as the construction of the Bladensburg Shopping Center.[8]

In 1999, Bladensburg,

  • Town of Bladensburg official website
  • Bladensburg Police Department
  • Bladensburg High School
  • Bladensburg Archaeology Project
  • Sept. 2, 2010Gazette.Net,"Sunken ship may contain piece of Bladensburg history: Archeologists work to unearth piece of War of 1812 battle," by Daniel Leaderman,
  • Bladensburg Historical Markers, The Maryland Historical Marker Database
  • "Beyond the Battle: Bladensburg Rediscovered" exhibit at the University of Maryland, College Park

External links

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bladensburg, Maryland
  5. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Bladensburg town, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 8, 2011. 
  6. ^ Bostwick, Prince George's County, Inventory No.: PG:69–2, including photo in 1997, at Maryland Historical Trust website
  7. ^ Howe, Daniel Walker (2007). What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815-1848. Oxford University Press. p. 904.  
  8. ^ a b "Community Summary Sheet, Prince George's County" (PDF). Bladensburg, Maryland. Maryland State Highway Administration, 1999. 2008-05-10. 
  9. ^ Denny, George D., Jr. Proud Past, Promising Future: Cities and Towns in Prince George's County. Brentwood, Maryland: Tuxedo Press, 1997.
  10. ^ M-NCPPC Illustrated Inventory of Historic Sites (Prince George's County, Maryland), 2006.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  15. ^ Elizabeth Seton High School website.

References

Notable people

  • In June 2011, it was announced that Bladensburg's local St. Luke's Episcopalian Church would be the first Episcopal church in the United States to become a Roman Catholic parish.

Religion

Elizabeth Seton High School, a private high school, is located in Bladensburg.[15]

Private schools

serve Bladensburg. Bladensburg High School Bladensburg residents are zoned to schools in the

Public schools

Primary and secondary schools

Education

The median income for a household in the town was $34,966, and the median income for a family was $41,394. Males had a median income of $30,969 versus $28,538 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,046. About 7.5% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 21.3% of those age 65 or over.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

There were 3,121 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.8% were married couples living together, 20.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.9% were non-families. 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.26.

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 7,661 people, 3,121 households, and 1,719 families residing in the town. The population density was 7,766.1 people per square mile (2,987.8/km²). There were 3,443 housing units at an average density of 3,490.3 per square mile (1,342.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 16.42% White, 70.92% African American, 0.34% Native American, 2.52% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.87% from other races, and 2.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.07% of the population.

2000 census

The median age in the town was 31.5 years. 26.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 11% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32.7% were from 25 to 44; 20.3% were from 45 to 64; and 9.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.

There were 3,542 households of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.7% were married couples living together, 22.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.7% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.39.

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 9,148 people, 3,542 households, and 1,960 families residing in the town. The population density was 9,148.0 inhabitants per square mile (3,532.1/km2). There were 3,826 housing units at an average density of 3,826.0 per square mile (1,477.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 12.6% White, 65.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 16.6% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.9% of the population.

2010 census

Demographics

Bordering areas

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.01 square miles (2.62 km2), of which, 1.00 square mile (2.59 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

Bladensburg is located at (38.941428, −76.930053).[11]

Geography

  • Property Tax Information

Property taxes

Site name Image Location M-NCPPC Inventory Number Comment
1 Bostwick 3901 48th St. 69-005-09 Added to the National Register of Historic Places, 1975-08-19
2 George Washington House Baltimore Ave. at Upshur St. 69-005-02 Added to the National Register of Historic Places, 1974-08-07
3 Hilltop Manor 4100–4112, 4200–4214 53rd Ave., 4100–4210 53rd Pl., & 5300–5304 Annapolis Rd. n/a Added to the National Register of Historic Places, 2007-12-21
4 Market Master's House 4006 48th St. 69-005-08 Added to the National Register of Historic Places, 1990-03-29
6 William Hilleary House or Hilleary–Magruder House 4703 Annapolis Rd. 69-005-07 Added to the National Register of Historic Places, 1978-07-20

The following is a partial list of historic sites in Bladensburg identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission:[10]

Historic sites
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