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Callaway County, Missouri

Callaway County, Missouri
The Callaway County Courthouse in Fulton
Map of Missouri highlighting Callaway County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded November 25, 1820
Named for James Callaway
Seat Fulton
Largest city Fulton
Area
 • Total 847 sq mi (2,194 km2)
 • Land 835 sq mi (2,163 km2)
 • Water 13 sq mi (34 km2), 1.5%
Population
 • (2010) 44,332
 • Density 53/sq mi (20/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .orgcallawaycounty

Callaway County is a James Callaway, grandson of Daniel Boone.[3] Callaway County is also referred to as "The Kingdom of Callaway" after an incident in which residents confronted Union troops during the U.S. Civil War.[4]

Callaway County is part of the Jefferson City, MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Vineyards and wineries were first established in the area by German immigrants in the 19th century. Since the 1960s, there has been a revival of winemaking throughout the state.

The Callaway Nuclear Generating Station is located in Callaway County.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • Major highways 2.2
    • National protected areas 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Education 4
    • Public schools 4.1
    • Private schools 4.2
    • Post-secondary 4.3
  • Politics 5
    • Local 5.1
    • State 5.2
    • Federal 5.3
      • Political Culture 5.3.1
    • Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008) 5.4
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Villages 6.2
    • Unincorporated communities 6.3
    • Townships 6.4
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

This area was historically occupied by the Osage and other Native American peoples, some of whom migrated from the east of the Ohio River Valley. Others emerged as cultures in this area, following thousands of years of settlement by indigenous peoples.

The European-American settlement of Callaway County was initiated primarily by migrants from the Upper South states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. They brought African-American slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating hemp and tobacco, the same crops as were grown in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky. Callaway County was one of several to the north and south of the Missouri River settled mostly by Southerners in the early antebellum years. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie, and Callaway was at its heart.[5] In 1860 slaves made up 25 percent or more of the county's population,[6] a higher percentage than in most parts of the state. Residents generally supported the Confederacy during the Civil War. The Battle of Moore's Mill was the only significant Civil War battle that occurred in Callaway County. From the Civil War era the county earned the nickname of the Kingdom of Callaway.

Other settlers in the Missouri River valley included German immigrants from the mid-19th century following the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states; they established a strong wine industry in the area and built towns with German-influenced architecture. Missouri was the second-largest wine-producing state nationally until Prohibition. Since the 1960s, numerous vineyards and wineries have been established again in the valley, including Summit Lake Winery in Holts Summit. The county is part of what is called the Missouri Rhineland, an area of vineyards along both sides of the Missouri River extending from St. Charles County west to Callaway County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 847 square miles (2,190 km2), of which 835 square miles (2,160 km2) is land and 13 square miles (34 km2) (1.5%) is water.[7]

Callaway County lies on the border of transition between prairie and rugged Ozarks. The northern part of the county is relatively flat and devoid of large tracts of forests. The southern border of the county is the Missouri River, and the area is heavily forested over large hills and valleys. Cedar Creek makes up the northern part of the western border.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected areas

Demographics

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 40,766 people, 14,416 households, and 10,336 families residing in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 16,167 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was self-identified as 91.79% White, 5.66% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. Approximately 0.92% of the population identified as Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.9% identified as of German ancestry, 22.0% s American, 9.1% as Irish (including Scots-Irish) and 9.1% as English ancestry, according to Census 2000.

There were 14,416 households out of which 35.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 11.10% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 107.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,110, and the median income for a family was $44,474. Males had a median income of $29,574 versus $22,317 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,005. About 6.00% of families and 8.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.30% of those under age 18 and 8.30% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public schools

  • Fulton School District No. 58 – Fulton
    • McIntire Elementary School (PK-05)
    • Bush Elementary School (K-05)
    • Bartley Elementary School (K-05)
    • Fulton Middle School (06-08)
    • Fulton High School (09-12)
  • Missouri School for the Deaf – Fulton
    • Stark Elementary School (K-05)
    • Wheeler Middle School (06-08)
    • Wheeler High School (09-12)
  • New Bloomfield R-III School District – New Bloomfield
    • New Bloomfield Elementary School (PK-06)
    • New Bloomfield High School (07-12)
  • North Callaway County R-I School District – Kingdom City
    • Auxvasse Elementary School (PK-08) – Auxvasse
    • Hatton-McCredie Elementary School (K-08)
    • Williamsburg Elementary School (K-08)
    • North Callaway County High School (09-12)
  • South Callaway County R-II School District – Mokane
    • South Callaway County Early Childhood Education Center (PK-02)
    • South Callaway County Elementary School (03-05)
    • South Callaway County Middle School (06-08)
    • South Callaway County High School (09-12)

Private schools

Post-secondary

Politics

Local

The Republican Party mostly controls politics at the local level in Callaway County.

Callaway County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Jody Paschal Republican
Circuit Clerk Judy O. Groner Republican
County Clerk Denise Hubbard Republican
Collector Pam J. Oestreich Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Gary Jungermann Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Randall L. Kleindienst Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Donald “Doc” Kritzer Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Christopher Wilson Republican
Public Administrator Karen Digh Democratic
Recorder Christine Kleindienst Republican
Sheriff Dennis Crane Democratic
Treasurer Debbie Zerr Republican

State

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 52.30% 9,486 44.17% 8,012 3.53% 640
2008 49.78% 9,596 48.63% 9,375 1.59% 306
2004 57.27% 10,153 41.59% 7,373 1.13% 201
2000 43.62% 6,641 53.40% 8,129 2.98% 453
1996 32.91% 4,314 63.91% 8,379 3.18% 417

Callaway County is divided into three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, all of which are held by Republicans.

  • District 10 – Jay D. Houghton (R-Martinsburg). Consists of the communities of Auxvasse and Kingdom City.
Missouri House of Representatives – District 10 – Callaway County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jay D. Houghton 820 70.09
Democratic Linda Witte 314 26.84
Constitution Josh Allum 36 3.08
  • District 20 – Jeanie Riddle (R-Mokane). Consists of most of the entire county and includes the communities of Fulton, Holts Summit, Lake Mykee Town, Mokane, and New Bloomfield.
Missouri House of Representatives – District 20 – Callaway County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jeanie Riddle 9,838 100.00
  • District 21 – John W. Cauthorn (R-Mexico). Consists of a small part of the county.
Missouri House of Representatives – District 21 – Callaway County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John W. Cauthorn 587 64.86
Democratic Kelly Schultz 318 35.14

All of Callaway County is a part of Missouri’s 6th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Mike Kehoe (R-Jefferson City).

Missouri Senate - District 6 – Callaway County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Mike Kehoe 11,617 100.00

Federal

All of Callaway County is included in Missouri’s 9th Congressional District and is currently represented by Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-St. Elizabeth) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 9th Congressional District – Callaway County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 10,221 79.44
Libertarian Christopher W. Dwyer 2,646 20.56

Political Culture

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 64.42% 11,745 33.3% 6,071 2.29% 416
2008 58.81% 11,389 39.14% 7,580 2.05% 397
2004 62.50% 11,108 36.90% 6,559 0.60% 106
2000 53.81% 8,238 43.82% 6,708 2.37% 361
1996 42.38% 5,567 44.76% 5,880 12.86% 1,690

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)

  • Former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 2,701, than any candidate from either party in Callaway County during the 2008 presidential primary.
Callaway County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 1,203 (27.08%)
Mike Huckabee 1,517 (34.14%)
Mitt Romney 1,457 (32.79%)
Ron Paul 196 (4.41%)
Callaway County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton 2,701 (54.71%)
Barack Obama 2,037 (41.26%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 153 (3.10%)

Communities

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 267. 
  4. ^ Kingdom of Callaway Historical Society
  5. ^ "The Story of Little Dixie, Missouri", Missouri Division-Sons of Confederate Veterans, accessed 3 June 2008
  6. ^ T. J. Stiles, Jesse James: The Last Rebel of the Civil War, New York: Vintage Books, 2003, pp.10–11
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder".  

External links

  • Callaway County official website
  • Callaway County Clerk website
  • Kingdom of Callaway Historical Society
  • Fulton, Missouri and Callaway County tourism site
  • Callaway Chamber of Commerce
  • Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Callaway County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books

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