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Catawba County, North Carolina

Catawba County, North Carolina
Seal of Catawba County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Catawba County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1842
Named for Catawba tribe
Seat Newton
Largest city Hickory
Area
 • Total 413 sq mi (1,070 km2)
 • Land 399 sq mi (1,033 km2)
 • Water 15 sq mi (39 km2), 3.6%
Population
 • (2010) 154,810
 • Density 387/sq mi (149/km²)
Congressional districts 5th, 10th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .gov.catawbacountyncwww

Catawba County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 154,810.[1] Its county seat is Newton,[2] and its largest city is Hickory.

Catawba County is part of the Hickory–Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Catawba County is part of the data center corridor. Maiden is home to the Apple iCloud data center, and Conover is home to the ncDataCampus, and the largest privately owned solar farm in the United States operated by Apple.

Conover, North Carolina is home to the Greater Hickory Classic at Rock Barn.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Law and government 2
  • Geography 3
    • Adjacent counties 3.1
  • Demographics 4
  • Education 5
    • Higher education 5.1
    • Libraries 5.2
  • Points of Interest 6
    • Museums and libraries 6.1
    • Sports and entertainment 6.2
    • Music and performing arts 6.3
    • Other attractions 6.4
  • Transportation 7
    • Major highways 7.1
    • Air 7.2
    • Mass transit 7.3
    • Rail 7.4
  • Communities 8
    • Towns 8.1
    • Census-designated places 8.2
    • Unincorporated communities 8.3
    • Townships 8.4
  • Notable people 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • Further reading 12
  • External links 13

History

The county was formed in 1842 from Lincoln County. It was named for the Catawba tribe of Native Americans, who once inhabited the area. German Lutheran farmers settled the area in the 1700s.

Law and government

Presidential election results
Year Republican Democratic Other
2012[3] 64.0% 44,538 34.6% 24,069 1.4% 994
2008[4] 61.9% 42,993 36.9% 25,656 1.2% 802
2004[5] 67.5% 39,602 32.1% 18,858 0.4% 228
2000[6] 67.4% 34,244 32.0% 16,246 0.7% 351
1996[7] 58.0% 26,898 33.7% 15,601 8.3% 3,855
1992[8] 51.5% 25,466 33.1% 16,334 15.4% 7,609
1988[9] 69.0% 28,872 30.9% 12,922 0.1% 44
1984[10] 72.8% 31,476 27.1% 11,700 0.2% 74
1980[11] 60.4% 22,873 36.6% 13,873 3.0% 1,132
1976[12] 52.4% 18,696 47.2% 16,862 0.4% 150
1972[13] 74.5% 21,106 23.9% 7,744 1.6% 525
1968[14] 56.3% 18,393 21.4% 6,974 22.3% 7,285
1964[15] 52.0% 17,116 48.0% 15,814 0% 0

Catawba County is a member of the regional Western Piedmont Council of Governments.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 413 square miles (1,070 km2), of which 399 square miles (1,030 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (3.6%) is water.[16]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[22] of 2010, there were 154,358 people, 55,533 households, and 39,095 families residing in the county. The population density was 354 people per square mile (137/km²). There were 59,919 housing units at an average density of 150 per square mile (58/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.1% White, 8.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.1% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, and 1.14% from two or more races, 9.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 55,533 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,536, and the median income for a family was $47,474. Males had a median income of $30,822 versus $23,352 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,358. About 6.50% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.50% of those under age 18 and 9.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Higher education

Libraries

  • The Catawba County Library System serves the residents of Catawba County. The library system operates 7 libraries throughout the county.
  • The Hickory Public Library System serves the residents of Hickory. The library system operates 2 libraries: The Patrick Beaver Memorial Library, and the Ridgeview Library.

Points of Interest

Museums and libraries

  • Catawba County FireFighters Museum
  • Catawba County Museum of History
  • Hickory Aviation Museum
  • Hickory Museum of Art
  • Catawba County Science Center
  • Murrays Mill
  • Public Libraries of Catawba County
  • Public Libraries of Hickory

Sports and entertainment

Music and performing arts

  • Newton-Conover Auditorium
  • The Green-Room Theatre
  • Western Piedmont Symphony
  • Hickory Community Theatre

Other attractions

Transportation

Major highways

Air

The county's primary commercial aviation airport is Hickory Regional Airport.

Mass transit

Rail

With approximately twenty freight trains a day, Catawba County is a freight railroad transportation center. This is largely due to the areas strong manufacturing based economy, and its placement along the Norfolk Southern Railway line. The Caldwell County Railroad also serves the county and interchanges with Norfolk Southern in Hickory.[23]

Conover has been designated as the Catawba County passenger rail stop for the Western North Carolina Railroad planned to run from Salisbury, NC to Asheville.

Communities

Map of Catawba County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels


Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

  • Bandy's
  • Caldwell
  • Catawba
  • Clines
  • Hickory
  • Jacobs Fork
  • Mountain Creek
  • Newton

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^ Infrastructure, Caldwell County Economic Development Commission (retrieved 16 June 2014)

Further reading

  • Freeze, Gary R. The Catawbans: Crafters of a North Carolina County, 1747-1900 Catawba County Historical Association, 1995. ISBN 0-9702776-2-8.
  • Freeze, Gary R. The Catawbans: Pioneers in Progress, Vol. 2. Catawba County Historical Association, 2002.

External links

  • Geographic data related to Catawba County, North Carolina at OpenStreetMap
  • Official website
  • Catawba County Chamber of Commerce

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