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Demographic economics

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Title: Demographic economics  
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Collection: Demographic Economics, Demography, Labor and Demographic Economics, Population
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Demographic economics

Demographic economics or population economics is the application of economic analysis to demography, the study of human populations, including size, growth, density, distribution, and vital statistics.[1][2]

Aspects of the subject include

Other subfields include measuring value of life[52][53] and the economics of the elderly[54][55][56] and the handicapped[57][58][59] and of gender,[60][61][62] race, minorities, and non-labor discrimination.[63][64] In coverage and subfields, it complements labor economics[65][66] and implicates a variety of other economics subjects.[67][68][69]


The Journal of Economic Literature classification codes are a way of categorizing subjects in economics. There, Demographic Economics is paired with Labor Economics as one of 19 primary classifications at JEL: J.[70] It has 8 subareas, which are listed below with JEL-code links to corresponding available article-preview links of The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics (2008) Online:

JEL: J10 (all) – General
JEL: J11 – Demographic Trends and Forecasts
JEL: J12 – Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
JEL: J13 – Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
JEL: J14 – Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped
JEL: J15 – Economics of Minorities and Races; Non-labor Discrimination
JEL: J16 – Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
JEL: J17 – Value of life; Foregone Income
JEL: J18 – Public Policy.

See also



  1. ^ a b c d Kelley, Allen C.; Schmidt, Robert M. (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 655.  
  2. ^  
  3. ^ a b Foster, Andrew (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 356.  
  4. ^ Schultz, T. Paul (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 291.  
  5. ^ Galor, Oded (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 685.  
  6. ^ Adsera, Alicia (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 286.  
  7. ^ Montgomery, Mark; Trussell, James (1986). "Models of marital status and childbearing". Handbook of Labor Economics 1. pp. 205–71.  
  8. ^ Galor, Oded (2005). "The Demographic Transition and the Emergence of Sustained Economic Growth". Journal of the European Economic Association 3 (2–3): 494–504.  
  9. ^  
  10. ^ Lehrer, Evelyn L. (1996). "Religion as a determinant of marital fertility". Journal of Population Economics 9 (2): 173–96.  
  11. ^ Ermisch, John (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 260.  
  12. ^ Ermisch, John (2003). An Economic Analysis of the Family. Princeton: Princeton University Press.  
  13. ^ Becker, Gary S. (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 1.  
  14. ^  
  15. ^  
  16. ^ Lehrer, Evelyn (2007). Religion, Economics and Demography: The Effects of Religion on Education, Work, and the Family. Routledge.  
  17. ^ Lehrer, Evelyn L. (2004). "Religion as a Determinant of Economic and Demographic Behavior in the United States". Population and Development Review 30 (4): 707.  
  18. ^ Weiss, Yoram (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 347.  
  19. ^ Lehrer, Evelyn L.; Chiswick, Carmel U. (August 1993). "Religion as a Determinant of Marital Stability". Demography 30 (3): 385–404.  
  20. ^ Canning, David; Bloom, David E. (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 516.  
  21. ^ Vaupel, James W.; Von Kistowski, Kristín G.; Rau, Roland (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 781.  
  22. ^ Preston, Samuel H. (1975). "The Changing Relation between Mortality and level of Economic Development". Population Studies 29 (2): 231.  
  23. ^ Bloom, D. E; Canning, D. (2007). "Commentary: The Preston Curve 30 years on: Still sparking fires". International Journal of Epidemiology 36 (3): 498–9; discussion 502–3.  
  24. ^ Kelley, AC; Schmidt, RM (1996). "Saving, dependency and development". Journal of population economics 9 (4): 365–86.  
  25. ^ Weil, David N. (May 1999). "Population Growth, Dependency, and Consumption". The American Economic Review 89 (2): 251–5.  
  26. ^ Denton, Frank T.; Spencer, Byron G. (2010). "Population Aging and Its Economic Costs: A Survey of the Issues and Evidence". Canadian Journal on Aging 19: 1.  
  27. ^ Ioannides, Yannis M.; Rossi-Hansberg, Esteban (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 544.  
  28. ^ Walker, James R. (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 421.  
  29. ^ Borjas, George J. (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 453.  
  30. ^ Lee, Ronald D. (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 512.  
  31. ^ Galor, Oded (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 109.  
  32. ^ Galor, Oded; Weil, David N. (September 2000). "Population, Technology, and Growth: From Malthusian Stagnation to the Demographic Transition and beyond". The American Economic Review 90 (4): 806–28.  
  33. ^ Johnson, David Gale; Lee, Ronald Demos, eds. (1987). Population Growth and Economic Development: Issues and Evidence. University of Wisconsin Press.  
  34. ^ Kelley, Allen C. (1988). "Economic Consequences of Population Change in the Third World". Journal of Economic Literature. December (4): 1685–728.  
  35. ^ Brander, James A.; Dowrick, Steve (1994). "The role of fertility and population in economic growth". Journal of Population Economics 7 (1): 1–25.  
  36. ^ Kremer, Michael (August 1993). "Population Growth and Technological Change: One Million B.C. to 1990". The Quarterly Journal of Economics 108 (3): 681–716.  
  37. ^  
  38. ^ Arrow, K.; Bolin, B.; Costanza, R.; Dasgupta, P.; Folke, C.; Holling, C. S.; Jansson, B.-O.; Levin, S.; Mäler, K.-G.; Perrings, C.; Pimentel, D. (1995). "Economic Growth, Carrying Capacity, and the Environment". Science 268 (5210): 520–1.  
  39. ^ Cohen, J. (1995). "Population growth and earth's human carrying capacity". Science 269 (5222): 341–6.  
  40. ^ Cohen, Joel E. (1995). How Many People Can the Earth Support?. Norton.  
  41. ^ a b Currie, Janet (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 769.  
  42. ^  
  43. ^ Theodore W. Schultz, 1981. Investing in People: The Economics of Population Quality, University of California Press. Description and chapter-preview links.
  44. ^  
  45. ^  
  46. ^  
  47. ^ Gokhale, Jagadeesh (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 630.  
  48. ^ Tuljapurkar, Shripad (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 826.  
  49. ^ Greenwood, Jeremy; Seshadri, Ananth; Vandenbroucke, Guillaume (2005). "The Baby Boom and Baby Bust". American Economic Review 95: 183.  
  50. ^ Mosk, Carl (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 38.  
  51. ^ Lee, Ronald D. (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 433.  
  52. ^ Kip Viscusi, W. (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 586.  
  53. ^ Becker, Gary S; Philipson, Tomas J; Soares, Rodrigo R (2005). "The Quantity and Quality of Life and the Evolution of World Inequality". American Economic Review 95: 277.  
  54. ^ Hurd, Michael (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 130.  
  55. ^ Weil, David N. (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 499.  
  56. ^ Clark, Robert Louis;  
  57. ^ Blanchet, Didier; Fleurbaey, Marc (2006). "Applications". Handbook of the Economics of Giving, Altruism and Reciprocity 2. p. 1465.  
  58. ^ Tomlinson, Sally (1985). "The Expansion of Special Education". Oxford Review of Education 11 (2): 157.  
  59. ^ Bubolz, Margaret M.; Whiren, Alice P. (January 1984). "The Family of the Handicapped: An Ecological Model for Policy and Practice". Family Relations 33 (1): 5–12.  
  60. ^ Galor, Oded; Weil, David N. (June 1996). "The Gender Gap, Fertility, and Growth". The American Economic Review 86 (3): 374–87.  
  61. ^ Jacobsen, Joyce P. (2008). "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". p. 582.  
  62. ^ Jacobsen, Joyce P. (1998). Economics of Gender. Blackwell.  
  63. ^  
  64. ^ Sowell, Thomas (1995). Race and Culture: A World View. Basic Books.  
  65. ^ JEL classification codes#Labor and demographic economics JEL: J Subcategories.
  66. ^ Labor and Demographic Economics: Demographic Economics, NBER Working Paper abstract links from the National Bureau of Economic Research.
  67. ^ Assaf Razin and Efraim Sadka, 1996. Population Economics. MIT Press. Description & chapter previews.
  68. ^ Rosenzweig, Mark R.; Stark, Oded (1997). "Handbook of Population and Family Economics Volume 1". Handbook of Population and Family Economics 1. p. 1.  
  69. ^ Search of The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics Online, "population OR demography".
  70. ^ Of which a complete list for JEL: J with corresponding WorldHeritage links is at JEL classification codes#Labor and demographic economics JEL: J Subcategories.


  • John Eatwell, Murray Milgate, and Peter Newman, ed. ([1987] 1989. Social Economics: The New Palgrave, pp. v-vi. Arrow-page searchable links to entries for:
"Ageing Populations," pp. 1-3, by Robert L. Clark
"Declining Population," pp. 10-15, by Robin Barlow
"Demographic Transition," pp. 16-23, by Ansley J. Coale
"Extended Family," pp. 58-63, by Oliva Harris
"Family," pp. 65-76, by Gary S. Becker
"Fertility," pp.77-89, by Richard A. Easterlin
"Gender," pp. 95-108, by Francine D. Blau
"Race and Economics," pp. 215-218, by H. Stanback
"Value of Life," pp.289-76, by Thomas C. Schelling
  • Nathan Keyfitz, 1987. "demography," The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, v. 1, pp. 796–802.
  • T. Paul Schultz, 1981. Economics of Population. Addison-Wesley. Book review.
  • John B. Shoven, ed., 2011. Demography and the Economy, University of Chicago Press. Scroll-down description and preview.
  • Julian L. Simon, 1977. The Economics of Population Growth. Princeton,
  • _____, [1981] 1996. The Ultimate Resource 2, rev. and expanded. Princeton. Description and preview links.
    • Dennis A. Ahlburg, 1998. "Julian Simon and the Population Growth Debate," Population and Development Review, 24(2), pp. 317-327.
    • M. Perlman, 1982. [Untitled review of Simon, 1977 & 1981], Population Studies, 36(3), pp. 490-494.
  • Julian L. Simon, ed., 1997. The Economics Of Population: Key Modern Writings. Description.
  • _____, ed., 1998. The Economics of Population: Classic Writings. Description and scroll to chapter-preview links.
  • Joseph J. Spengler 1951. "The Population Obstacle to Economic Betterment," American Economic Review, 41(2), pp. 343-354.
  • _____, 1966. "The Economist and the Population Question," American Economic Review, 56(1/2), pp. 1–24.


  • Demography — Scope and links to issue contents & abstracts.
  • Journal of Population Economics — Aims and scope and 20th Anniversary statement, 2006.
  • Population and Development Review — Aims and abstract & supplement links.
  • Population Bulletin — Each issue on a current population topic.
  • Population Studies —Aims and scope.
  • Review of Economics of the Household
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