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Department of the Ohio

The Department of the Ohio was an administrative military district created by the United States War Department early in the American Civil War to administer the troops in the Northern states near the Ohio River.

1st Department 1861-1862

General Orders No. 14, issued by the Virginia that wanted to remain in the Union. His forces defeated two small Confederate armies and paved the way for the region to later became the state of West Virginia.

After McClellan was reassigned to command the Army of the Ohio with Buell in command. The Department of the Ohio was dissolved in March 11, 1862, when it was merged into the Department of the Mississippi and the Mountain Department.

2nd Department 1862-1865

The Department of the Ohio was recreated on August 19, 1862, and consisted of the states of Ohio, Military Division of the Mississippi, under the overall command of Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.

Due to illness, Burnside asked to be relieved of command after the Battle of Fort Sanders and was replaced by Maj. Gen. John G. Foster on December 9. On February 9, 1864, Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield assumed command of the Department of the Ohio. For much of the remainder of the war, the department was synonymous with the Army of the Ohio.


  • Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • The Military History of Ohio. Its Border Annals, Its Part in the Indian Wars, in the War of 1812, in the Mexican War, and in the War of the Rebellion, with a Prefix, Giving a Compendium of the History of the United States. New York: H.H. Hardesty, 1885. OCLC 3285912
  • U.S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880–1901.
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