World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Department of the West

Article Id: WHEBN0006306259
Reproduction Date:

Title: Department of the West  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Department of the Missouri, John C. Frémont, Missouri in the American Civil War, 1st Cavalry Regiment (1855), David Hunter
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Department of the West

For the Confederate organization with a similar name, see: Army of the West (1862)

The Department of the West, later known as the Western Department, was a major command (Department) of the United States Army during the 19th century. It oversaw the military affairs in the country west of the Mississippi River to the borders of California and Oregon.

Contents

  • Organization 1
  • Civil War 2
  • Western Department 3
  • Command history 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Notes 7

Organization

The Department of the West was created in a reform of army organization nationwide on October 31, 1853, from a consolidation of the existing Department of the Pacific was also created, from consolidation of the 10th (California) and 11th (Oregon) Departments. The Department of the West's headquarters continued at Jefferson Barracks in St. Louis, although it moved briefly to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, during the Bleeding Kansas skirmishes.

Civil War

As the Southern states were seceding, just before the Rocky Mountains, except for Texas, Utah Territory, and New Mexico Territory, including Missouri, Arkansas, Iowa, Minnesota, Kansas Territory (the state of Kansas after January 29, 1861), Nebraska Territory, Colorado Territory (after February 28, 1861), Dakota Territory (after March 2, 1861), Indian Territory (later the state of Oklahoma), and Louisiana west of the Mississippi River. On June 6, 1861, Missouri was transferred to the Department of the Ohio.

Western Department

On July 31, 1861, the Department of the West was merged into the Western Department of David Hunter under the orders of President Abraham Lincoln, contingent upon the circumstance that Frémont did not lead an army into battle by October 24, 1861. The Western Department was discontinued on November 9, 1861, with New Mexico Territory being transferred back to the Department of New Mexico, and the rest being divided between the Departments of Missouri and Kansas.[1]

Command history

Department commanders were:[2]

Department of the West
Commander From To
Newman S. Clarke    
David E. Twiggs    
Persifor F. Smith    
Brig. Gen. William S. Harney November 10, 1860
(assumed November 17)
April 23, 1861
Captain Nathaniel Lyon (temporary) April 23, 1861 April 29, 1861
Colonel Edmund B. Alexander (temporary) April 29, 1861 May 11, 1861
Brig. Gen. William S. Harney May 11, 1861 May 31, 1861
Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon May 31, 1861 July 3, 1861
Western Department
Commander From To
Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon July 3, 1861 July 25, 1861
Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont July 3, 1861
(assumed July 25)
October 24, 1861
Maj. Gen. David Hunter October 24, 1861
(assumed November 2)
November 9, 1861

See also

References

  • Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Military History at rootsweb.com

Notes

  1. ^ Eicher, pp. 851-53.
  2. ^ Eicher, pp. 851-53, Rootsweb.com
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.