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Emigration from Uruguay

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Title: Emigration from Uruguay  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Demographics of Uruguay, Uruguayans in Italy, Uruguayans in France, Uruguayan Canadian, Uruguayans in Spain
Collection: Demographics of Uruguay, Human Migration, Uruguayan Diaspora
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Emigration from Uruguay

Departure terminal of Carrasco International Airport, one of the main departure points of Uruguayan emigrants.

Emigration from Uruguay is a migratory phenomenon that has been taking place in Uruguay since the early 20th century.


  • Overview 1
  • Destinations 2
  • Articulation 3
  • Notable Uruguayans in the world 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6


Emigration from Uruguay began timidly about a century ago, but experienced a significant increase since the 1960s. Successive economic crises (notably in 1982 and 2002), plus the small size of the country's economy and population, were decisive factors that pushed thousands of Uruguayans out of their country of birth; economic migrants went mainly to other Spanish-speaking countries with bigger economies.[1] Being Uruguay a country with a relatively well-developed educational system and free access to the University of the Republic, many Uruguayan professional graduates and scholars found their country too small to achieve their own goals, which resulted in a brain drain.[1] And there was also a political factor: the 12-year-long military dictatorship provoked that many Uruguayans went into exile due to ideological reasons, in the context of the Cold War.[1]


The main receptors of Uruguayan emigration are: Argentina, Brazil, the United States, Canada, Australia; in Europe: Spain (over 40,000 as of 2011),[1] Italy, France, and Portugal. During the military dictatorship, some exiled Uruguayans migrated to Mexico, Venezuela, Sweden, Germany, etc. Further, a significant number of Uruguayan Jews (almost 10,000) emigrated to Israel between 1950 and 2000 as part of the Aliyah.[2]


At the beginning of the 21st century was instrumented Departamento 20 ("Twentieth Department", in allusion to the 19 Departments into which the Uruguayan territory is divided), an instance of coordination and articulation for Uruguayans living abroad.[3]

The Consultative Councils (

  1. ^ a b c d (Spanish)
  2. ^ (Spanish)
  3. ^ (Spanish)
  4. ^ (Spanish)
  5. ^ (Spanish)
  6. ^ (Spanish)


See also

Many talented Uruguayans have succeeded on the international stage:

Notable Uruguayans in the world

As of November 2013, the Uruguayan government plans to implement a project to link qualified Uruguayan emigrés with technological sectors in Uruguay, especially in biotechnology, information technology and renewable energies.[6]

[5] They can be found in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, France, Greece, Italy, Mexico, Paraguay, Spain, Sweden, USA, and Venezuela.[4]

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