World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ezrat Yisrael

Article Id: WHEBN0041551311
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ezrat Yisrael  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 1892 establishments in the Ottoman Empire, Givat Massuah, Shimon HaTzadik, Zikhron Yosef, Ramat Sharett
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ezrat Yisrael

Historical buildings on Ezrat Yisrael Street

Ezrat Yisrael (Hebrew: עזרת ישראל‎, "Help of Israel") is a historical neighborhood and modern-day street in western Jerusalem. The neighborhood consisted of buildings on either side of a lane, today named Ezrat Yisrael Street. The street is blocked on one end and opens onto Jaffa Road on the other end.

Name

According to the foundation deed,[1] the name of the neighborhood was derived from two verses in the Book of Psalms:[2]

My help comes from the Lord, the Maker of heaven and earth (Psalms 121:2)
May He send you help from the sanctuary and grant you support from Zion (Psalms 20:3)

Location

Ezrat Yisrael is a northeast-southwest street that runs perpendicular to Jaffa Road. It is located one block west of the intersection of Jaffa Road and vertices of the Downtown Triangle cultural and commercial district.[3] It is a blocked street that opens only onto Jaffa Road.[4] Above the blocked end stands the International Evangelical Church, which faces Street of the Prophets.[2]

History

The Ezrat Yisrael neighborhood was founded in 1892 by Rabbi Yaakov Meir, Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Mandatory Palestine,[4] together with local activists. One reason that historians give for the founding of the neighborhood at this location was that at the time, a group of non-Jews wished to purchase the lot. Rabbi Meir called on Jerusalem activists and neighborhood-builders Nissim Elyashar, Moshe Meltzer, and Yosef Rivlin to come up with the money to buy it for Jewish settlement. The land, measuring over 5,000 cubits, was purchased at a price of 10 francs per cubit.[4]

Another reason given for the founding of the neighborhood in this location was the desire to establish a continuous Jewish presence from the Even Yisrael neighborhood south of Jaffa Road to the neighborhood of Mea Shearim further north.[5]

Historians differ on the total number of homes built in 1892 – estimates range from 20 to 26 to 30.[6] Over time, additional stories were added to the buildings.[5]

At the beginning of the 20th century, scientific installations began to appear in Palestine. In 1904 a chemical laboratory opened in Ezrat Yisrael.[7] In 1912 one of the first advertisements for Jewish dentists in Jerusalem was placed in HaOr, informing the public that a dentist was receiving patients in the courtyard of a pharmacist in Ezrat Yisrael.[8]

Notable residents

Israeli writer Yehuda Burla (1886-1969) lived in Ezrat Torah as a child and wrote about the neighborhood in his stories.[2]

Abraham Moses Luncz, who resided in the Even Yisrael neighborhood on the opposite side of Jaffa Road, operated a printing press in a house at the beginning of the street.[2]

In 1910 the neighborhood was home to Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, Rachel Yanait, David Ben-Gurion, and Yisrael Shohet, editors of the Poalei Zion weekly newspaper Ahdut ("Unity").[1][2]

Masonic Temple

Masonic Temple on Ezrat Yisrael Street

In 1931 a Masonic Temple was founded at 13 Ezrat Yisrael Street, near the north end of the lane.[9] The building was initiated by Arieh Levy and a group of Freemasons who each contributed 5,000 lira toward the construction.[10] The Temple currently houses both the Ein Hashiloach Ar"i Lodge #26 and Ar"i Lodge #27. Members meet twice monthly and meetings are conducted in Hebrew.[9] One block further west of Ezrat Yisrael Street, the intersection of Jaffa Road and Raoul Wallenberg Street was designated Freemason Square (Hebrew: ככר הבונים החפשיים‎) by the Jerusalem municipality.[10]

References

  1. ^ a b Wager (1988), p. 215.
  2. ^ a b c d e Bar-Am (2007), p. 59.
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b c Ben-Arieh (1979), p. 273.
  5. ^ a b Ben-Arieh (1979), p. 274.
  6. ^ Ben-Arieh (1979), pp. 274, 277.
  7. ^ Ben-Arieh (1979), p. 553.
  8. ^ Ben-Arieh (1979), p. 336.
  9. ^ a b
  10. ^ a b Zadok, Tami. "Jerusalem of Stone: Finding Freemasons in Jerusalem". Segula magazine, June-July 2010, pp. 60–70.

Sources

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.