World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Family dictatorship

Article Id: WHEBN0000360856
Reproduction Date:

Title: Family dictatorship  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Dictatorship, Monarchy, Somoza family, Political families, Political family
Collection: Dictatorship, Forms of Government, Political Families
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Family dictatorship

A hereditary dictatorship, or family dictatorship, in political science terms a personalistic regime, is a form of dictatorship that occurs in a nominally or formally republican regime, but operates in practice like an absolute monarchy, in that political power passes within the dictator's family. Thus, although the key leader is often called president or prime minister rather than a king or emperor, power is transmitted between members of the same family due to the overwhelming authority of the leader.

A family dictatorship is different from a monarchy (where the descent is required by general constitutional law), or other political families (where members of the family possess informal, rather than formal and overwhelming political authority).

Contents

  • Family dictatorships distinguished from other forms of succession 1
  • Successful transitions of power 2
    • Indirect successions 2.1
  • Unsuccessful transitions of power 3
  • Potential successions 4
  • Notes 5
  • See also 6
  • External links 7

Family dictatorships distinguished from other forms of succession

A family dictatorship is different from an absolute monarchy, and the ruler does not usually base his authority on the concept of divine right. In the latter, the transition of power within a family is required by general law as part of the state's constitutional arrangement, and continues to apply to all successions in the regime. In the former, this arrangement is not required by general law. In some cases, a special law might be enacted to formally nominate one particular family member of the present leader as the successor. In other cases, the law of the state may even formally provide for elections, but control exerted by the leader on the political and electoral process ensures a hereditary succession. Furthermore, whether each succession succeeds depends on the level of authority and control of the leader. As a result, modern family dictatorships often transition into a non-familial (non-personalistic) regime after a small number of successions: usually just one, and rarely more than two.

A family dictatorship is also different from other political families. In the latter, informal power and influence accrued to the family enables the family to continue to hold political power, often through open and contested elections. In the former, the family uses either formal legal or political power or control to ensure a familial succession, and usually via a controlled or uncontested election, or no election at all.

Because a family dictatorship exerts significant control on its succession, a successor is often determined well in advance. However, because it often lacks a formal general law basis for the succession, there are often long periods of uncertainty as to the identity of the successor. As often happens in other types of totalitarian regimes which plan their own succession, after a successor is determined or short-listed, they often go through a significant period of "grooming", in which the successor gains the experiences and qualifications aimed to make him or her attain the authority necessary to lead the regime.

Successful transitions of power

Dates in parentheses denote the period of rule.

Indirect successions

Unsuccessful transitions of power

Potential successions

Notes

  1. ^ North Korean leader Kim Jong-il 'names youngest son as successor', The Guardian, 2 June 2009
  2. ^ "'"North Korea: A 'Brilliant Comrade.  
  3. ^ "Report: NKorea's Kim has pancreatic cancer", Associated Press, 12 July 2009.
  4. ^ Fackler, Martin (2011-12-19). "Kim’s Heir Likely to Focus on Stability".  
  5. ^ Johnson, RW; Town, Cape (September 3, 2006). "Playboy waits for his African throne". London:  

See also

External links

  • Dynasties of the ex-USSR
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.