World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Fauna of the Republic of Macedonia

Article Id: WHEBN0027783428
Reproduction Date:

Title: Fauna of the Republic of Macedonia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Fauna of Europe, Fauna of the Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Macedonia, Fauna of Metropolitan France, Fauna of Ireland
Collection: Fauna of the Republic of MacEdonia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Fauna of the Republic of Macedonia

The Eurasian lynx can be found in the Republic of Macedonia.

The fauna of the Republic of Macedonia has a complex zoogeographical structure. It contains faunal elements of different origins and is characterized by a high degree of relict and endemic forms. Taxonomic diversity is also present; the total number of animal species reported until now is 10,354.

The fauna of Macedonian forests is abundant and includes bears, wild boars, wolves, foxes, squirrels, chamois and deer. The lynx is found, although very rarely, in the mountains of western Macedonia, while deer can be found in the region of Demir Kapija. Forest birds include the blackcap, the grouse, the black grouse, the imperial eagle and the forest owl. The three artificial lakes of the country represent a separate faunal zone, an indication of long-lasting territorial and temporal isolation. The fauna of Lake Ohrid is a relic of an earlier era and the lake is widely known for its letnica trout, lake whitefish, gudgeon, roach, podust, and pior, as well as for certain species of snails of a genus older than 30 million years; similar species can only be found in Lake Baikal. Lake Ohrid is also noted in zoology texts for the European eel and its baffling reproductive cycle: it comes to Lake Ohrid from the distant Sargasso Sea, thousands of kilometres away, and lurks in the depths of the lake for 10 years. When sexually mature, the eel is driven by unexplained instincts in the autumn to set off back to its point of birth. There it spawns and dies, leaving its offspring to seek out Lake Ohrid to begin the cycle anew.[1]

Phylum Species number Endemism
Protozoa 113 32
Porifera 10 6
Platyhelminthes 85 35
Cnidaria 2
Nemertini 1
Rotifera 269
Nematoda 553
Mollusca 366 131
Annelida 186 48
Arthropoda 8,234 383
Chordata 535 30

See also

References

  1. ^ Macedonian Fauna
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.