World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Givat HaMatos

Article Id: WHEBN0015728115
Reproduction Date:

Title: Givat HaMatos  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Israeli settlements, Rami Levy Hashikma Marketing, Shimon HaTzadik, Givat Massuah, Zikhron Yosef
Collection: Israeli Settlements, Neighbourhoods of Jerusalem
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Givat HaMatos

Givat HaMatos (Hebrew: גבעת המטוס‎) is a settlement which hosted Ethiopian Jewish and Russian immigrants in caravans.[1] It encompasses an area of 170 dunams. It is bordered by Talpiot in the north, Gilo in the south, and Beit Safafa in the west. Israel has approved to build a new Israeli settlement there.[2]


Memorial to fallen pilot.

Givat HaMatos is Hebrew for "Airplane Hill." The site received its name after a small two-engine Israel Air Force plane crashed there on June 6, 1967, the second day of the Six-Day War after being hit by Jordanian anti-aircraft artillery. The pilot, Lt. Dan Givon, was killed.[3]

Givat HaMatos.
Map of East Jerusalem in 2007. The Arab areas are coloured green while the Jewish areas are blue.

The caravans were built on a hill in 1991 to house a large influx of Ethiopian Jews airlifted to Israel. According to a Hebrew University political scientist, Givat Hamatos was "an empty hillside, cold and windswept in the winter, in the far south of the municipal area. It was close to... Bethlehem and Beit Jallah, and included a minefield left over from a previous war".[1] Amidar, a government housing company, also placed homeless Israeli families in Givat HaMatos until alternate housing could be found.[4]

In 2005, a 4-stage development project was unveiled for the neighborhood. The plans included a panoramic promenade, hotels, cafes, office buildings and commercial space.[4]

In 2007, dozens of immigrant families were still living there in caravans and various aid organizations were working to alleviate the financial distress of families that had not been successfully absorbed in Israeli society.

2012 and after

In December 2012, the plan was to build 2,610 housing units in Givat Hamatos in the first stage. The full plan included around 800 units for Palestinians in nearby Beit Safafa.[5] Sources in the Jerusalem municipality said that half of the construction in Givat Hamatos was for the Arabs in Beit Safafa.[6]

On 2 October 2014, the European Union condemned new settlement expansion in Givat HaMatos.[7] United States criticised the housing development too.[8] According to Akiva Eldar, the divide between Betlehem and East Jerusalem will now be completed and "a significant diplomatic arrangement" regarding Sharafat and Beit Safafa, two Arab neighborhoods in Jerusalem, will be impossible.[9]


  1. ^ a b The forgotten poor of Givat Hamatos
  2. ^ Israel approves new settlement between Jerusalem and Bethlehem
  3. ^ Memorial page for Dan Givon
  4. ^ a b Trouble on the hill? Jerusalem Post
  5. ^ Israel to approve new Jewish community in e. J'lem
  6. ^ Panel expected to approve more East Jerusalem construction
  7. ^ Statement by the Spokesperson on the Israeli decision for settlement expansion
  8. ^ US maintains criticism of Jerusalem housing units
  9. ^

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.