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Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

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Title: Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Haiyan County, Qinghai, Menyuan Hui Autonomous County, Gangca County, Qilian County, Amdo
Collection: Amdo, Autonomous Prefectures of the People's Republic of China, Prefecture-Level Divisions of Qinghai, Tibetan People
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Haibei Prefecture
海北州 · མཚོ་བྱང་ཁུལ།
Autonomous prefecture
海北藏族自治州 · མཚོ་བྱང་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ
Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Chinese characters 海北藏族自治州
 • Hanyu Pinyin Hǎiběi Zàngzú Zìzhìzhōu
Tibetan transcription(s)
 • Tibetan script མཚོ་བྱང་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ
 • Wylie mtsho-byang bod-rigs rang-skyong-khul
 • Tibetan pinyin Cojang Poirig Ranggyong Kü
Qilian Mountains
Location of Haibei Prefecture in Qinghai
Location of Haibei Prefecture in Qinghai
Country People's Republic of China
Province Qinghai
Prefecture seat Haiyan County (Xihai)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 海北藏族自治州; Tibetan: མཚོ་བྱང་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་) is an autonomous prefecture of northeastern Qinghai province, People's Republic of China. The prefecture has an area of 39,354 square kilometres (15,195 sq mi) and its seat is Haiyan County. Its name literally means "north of Qinghai Lake."


According to the 2000 census, Haibei has 258,922 inhabitants with a population density of 6.58 inhabitants/km².

The following is a list of ethnic groups in the prefecture, 2000 census.
Ethnicity Population Percentage
Han 94,841 36.63%
Hui 79,190 30.58%
Tibetan 62,520 24.15%
Mongol 13,087 5.05%
Tu/Monguor 7,806 3.01%
Salar 901 0.35%
Others 577 0.23%


The prefecture is subdivided into 4 county-level divisions: 3 counties and 1autonomous county:

# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie
Tibetan Pinyin
(2010 Census)
Area (km²) Density
1 Haiyan County 海晏县 Hǎiyàn Xiàn ཧའེ་ཡན་རྫོང་ ha'e yan rdzong
Ha'êyan Zong
37,788 4,348 8.69
2 Qilian County 祁连县 Qílián Xiàn ཆི་ལེན་རྫོང་ chi len rdzong
Qilên Zong
46,473 15,610 2.97
3 Gangca County 刚察县 Gāngchá Xiàn རྐང་ཚ་རྫོང་ rkang tsha rdzong
Gangca Zong
41,333 12,500 3.30
4 Menyuan Hui Autonomous County 门源回族自治县 Ményuán Huízú
མོང་ཡོན་ཧུའེ་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་རྫོང་ mong yon hu'e rigs
rang skyong rdzong
Mongyoin Hu'êrig
Ranggyong Zon
147,710 6,896 21.41

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