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Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

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Title: Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tongde County, Guide County, Xinghai County, Qabqa, Autonomous prefectures of the People's Republic of China
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Hainan Prefecture
海南州 · མཚོ་ལྷོ་ཁུལ།
Autonomous prefecture
海南藏族自治州 · མཚོ་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Chinese character 海南藏族自治州
 • Hanyu Pinyin Hǎinán Zàngzú Zìzhìzhōu
Tibetan transcription(s)
 • Tibetan script མཚོ་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ
 • Wylie mtsho-lho bod-rigs rang-skyong-khul
 • Tibetan pinyin Colho Poirig Ranggyong Kü
Qinghai Lake
Location of Hainan Prefecture in Qinghai
Location of Hainan Prefecture in Qinghai
Country People's Republic of China
Province Qinghai
Prefecture seat Gonghe County (Qabqa)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 海南藏族自治州; Tibetan: མཚོ་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་) is an autonomous prefecture of northeastern Qinghai Province in Western China. The prefecture has an area of 45,895 square kilometres (17,720 sq mi) and its seat is located in Gonghe County. Its name literally means "south of Qinghai Lake."


According to the 2000 census, the prefecture has 375,426 inhabitants with a population density of 8.18 inhabitants/km².

The following is a list of ethnic groups in the prefecture, as of the 2000 census.
Ethnicity Population Percentage
Tibetan 235,663 62.77%
Han 105,337 28.06%
Hui 26,152 6.97%
Tu 3,750 1%
Mongol 2.637 0.7%
Salar 1,231 0.33%
Others 656 0.17%


The prefecture is subdivided into 5 county-level divisions (5 counties):

# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie
Tibetan Pinyin
(2010 Census)
Area (km²) Density
1 Gonghe County 共和县 Gònghé Xiàn གསེར་ཆེན་རྫོང་ gser chen rdzong
Gêrqên Zong
122,966 16,050 7.66
2 Tongde County 同德县 Tóngdé Xiàn འབའ་རྫོང་ 'ba' rdzong
Pa Zong
64,369 6,494 9.91
3 Guide County 贵德县 Guìdé Xiàn ཁྲི་ཀ་རྫོང་ thri ka rdzong
Triga Zong
101,771 3,600 28.26
4 Xinghai County 兴海县 Xīnghǎi Xiàn བྲག་དཀར་རྫོང་ brag dkar rdzong
Zhag'gar Zong
76,025 13,158 5.77
5 Guinan County 贵南县 Guìnán Xiàn མང་རྫོང་ mang rdzong
Mang Zong
76,560 6,593 11.61

Further reading

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 1. The Qinghai Part of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3

External links

  • Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture Government Website

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