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List of Canadian provincial and territorial symbols


List of Canadian provincial and territorial symbols

This is a list of the symbols of Canadian provinces and territories. Each province and territory has a unique set of official symbols.


  • Provinces 1
  • Territories 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4


Flag and arms
Flower Bird Animal Tree Mineral Motto Other Capital

Wild rose Great horned owl Big horn sheep Lodgepole pine Petrified wood Fortis et liber (strong and free) Provincial fish: bull trout; provincial grass: rough fescue; song: "Alberta" Edmonton
British Columbia[2]

Pacific dogwood Steller's jay Spirit bear Western redcedar Jade Splendor sine occasu (splendour without diminishment) Provincial fish: Pacific salmon Victoria

Prairie crocus Great grey owl Plains bison White spruce Nickel Gloriosus et liber (glorious and free) Provincial fish: walleye, provincial grass: big bluestem, Provincial Fossil: Tylosaurus Pembinensis (Mosasaur) Winnipeg
New Brunswick[5]

Purple violet Black-capped chickadee - Balsam fir - Spem reduxit (hope was restored) Provincial soil: Holmesville Fredericton
Newfoundland and Labrador[6]

Purple pitcher plant Atlantic puffin Caribou Black spruce Labradorite Quaerite primum regnum dei (seek ye first the kingdom of God) Anthem: "Ode to Newfoundland", Newfoundland Tricolour, Labrador flag St. John's
Nova Scotia[7]

Mayflower Osprey - Red spruce Stilbite Munit haec et altera vincit (one defends and the other conquers) The Bluenose, Nova Scotia tartan; song: "Farewell to Nova Scotia"; dog: Nova Scotia Duck-Tolling Retriever; berry: wild blueberry; fossil: Hylonomus lyelli; gemstone: agate Halifax

White trillium Common loon - Eastern white pine Amethyst Ut incepit fidelis sic permanet (loyal she began thus she remains) - Toronto
Prince Edward Island[9]

Lady's slipper Blue jay - Red oak - Parva sub ingenti (the small under the protection of the great) Provincial soil: Charlottetown; anthem: "The Island Hymn" Charlottetown

Blue flag iris Snowy owl - Yellow birch - Je me souviens (I remember) Provincial symbol: fleur-de-lis Quebec City

Western red lily Sharp-tailed grouse White-tailed deer Paper birch Potash Multis e gentibus vires (from many peoples, strength) Provincial fish: walleye, provincial grass: needle-and-thread grass Regina


Flag and arms
Flower Bird Animal Tree Mineral Motto Other Capital
Northwest Territories[13]

Mountain avens Gyrfalcon Arctic grayling Tamarack larch Diamond - Territorial symbol: polar bear Yellowknife

Purple saxifrage Rock ptarmigan Canadian Eskimo Dog - - Nunavut Sanginivut (Our land, our strength) Territorial symbol: inukshuk Iqaluit

Fireweed Common raven - Subalpine fir Lazulite - - Whitehorse

See also


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