List of U.S. cities by population

The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States of America. As defined by the United States Census Bureau, an "incorporated place" includes a variety of designations, including city, town, village, borough, and municipality.[1] A few exceptional Census Designated Places (CDPs) are also included in the Census Bureau's listing of incorporated places.[2] Consolidated city-counties represent a distinct type of government that includes the entire population of a county, or county equivalent. Some consolidated city-counties, however, include multiple incorporated places. This list presents only that portion (or "balance") of such consolidated city-counties that are not a part of another incorporated place.

Note that this list refers only to the population of individual municipalities within their defined limits, which does not include other municipalities or unincorporated suburban areas within urban agglomerations. A different ranking is evident when considering U.S. metropolitan area populations.

United States

The following table lists the 289 incorporated places in the United States with a population of at least 100,000 on July 1, 2012, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau. A city is displayed in bold if it is a state or federal capital, and in italics if it is the largest city in the state. Five states—Delaware, Maine, Vermont, West Virginia and Wyoming—have no cities with a population of 100,000 or more. The table below contains the following information:

  1. The city rank by population as of July 1, 2012, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau[3]
  2. The city name[3]
  3. The name of the state in which the city lies[3]
  4. The city population as of July 1, 2012, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau[3]
  5. The city population as of April 1, 2010, as enumerated by the 2010 United States Census[3]
  6. The city percent population change from April 1, 2010, to July 1, 2012
  7. The city land area as of January 1, 2010[4]
  8. The city population density as of April 1, 2010 (residents per unit of land area)[4]
  9. The city ANSI INCITS 446-2008 geographic code
  10. The city latitude and longitude coordinates

2012 rank City State[5] 2012 estimate 2010 Census Change 2010 land area 2010 population density ANSI Location
1 New York[6] New York !B868148336 8,336,697 !B1063849426 8,175,133 !D0000584803493 +1.98%

 sq mi
783.842 km2  per sq mi
10,430 km-2

02395220 40.6643°N 73.9385°W
2 Los Angeles California !B-16083444 3,857,799 !B154311324 3,792,621 !D0001982200607 +1.72%

 sq mi
1,213.850 km2  per sq mi
3,124 km-2

02410877 34.0194°N 118.4108°W
3 Chicago Illinois !B-797471737 2,714,856 !B-726283326 2,695,598 !D00-2125119629 +0.71%

 sq mi
589.571 km2  per sq mi
4,572 km-2

00428803 41.8376°N 87.6818°W
4 Houston[7] Texas !B1485034975 2,160,821 !B1769291646 2,100,263 !D0001102424336 +2.88%

 sq mi
1,552.929 km2  per sq mi
1,352 km-2

02410796 29.7805°N 95.3863°W
5 Philadelphia[8] Pennsylvania !B527851430 1,547,607 !B668411453 1,526,006 !D000-372977623 +1.42%

 sq mi
347.321 km2  per sq mi
4,394 km-2

01215531 40.0094°N 75.1333°W
6 Phoenix Arizona !B915581683 1,488,750 !B1209484138 1,445,632 !D0000763874950 +2.98%

 sq mi
1,338.256 km2  per sq mi
1,080 km-2

02411414 33.5722°N 112.0880°W
7 San Antonio Texas !B1652753882 1,382,951 !B2062675948 1,327,407 !D0001673300875 +4.18%

 sq mi
1,193.812 km2  per sq mi
1,112 km-2

02411774 29.4724°N 98.5251°W
8 San Diego California !B1980589924 1,338,348 !B-2080436816 1,307,402 !D00-1219170756 +2.37%

 sq mi
842.233 km2  per sq mi
1,552 km-2

02411782 32.8153°N 117.1350°W
9 Dallas Texas !B-1560497572 1,241,162 !B-1205016182 1,197,816 !D00-1169330861 +3.62%

 sq mi
881.939 km2  per sq mi
1,358 km-2

02410288 32.7757°N 96.7967°W
10 San Jose California !B773835319 982,765 !B1155723030 945,942 !D00-1899152304 +3.89%

 sq mi
457.201 km2  per sq mi
2,069 km-2

02411790 37.2969°N 121.8193°W
11 Austin Texas !B-1982260253 842,592 !B-1342696648 790,390 !D0001404253086 +6.60%

 sq mi
771.547 km2  per sq mi
1,024 km-2

02409761 30.3072°N 97.7560°W
12 Jacksonville[9] Florida !B-1909780588 836,507 !B-1732207570 821,784 !D0001565961235 +1.79%

 sq mi
1,934.729 km2  per sq mi
425 km-2

02404783 30.3370°N 81.6613°W
13 Indianapolis[10] Indiana !B-1889976339 834,852 !B-1715900462 820,445 !D0001766621100 +1.76%

 sq mi
936.108 km2  per sq mi
876 km-2

02395424 39.7767°N 86.1459°W
14 San Francisco[11] California !B-1781720704 825,863 !B-1528773305 805,235 !D00-2009857824 +2.56%

 sq mi
121.400 km2  per sq mi
6,633 km-2

02411786 37.7751°N 122.4193°W
15 Columbus Ohio !B-1585280041 809,798 !B-1300133492 787,033 !D0001070720733 +2.89%

 sq mi
562.466 km2  per sq mi
1,399 km-2

01086101 39.9848°N 82.9850°W
16 Fort Worth Texas !B-1184594116 777,992 !B-700217596 741,206 !D0000-33158559 +4.96%

 sq mi
880.128 km2  per sq mi
842 km-2

02410531 32.7795°N 97.3463°W
17 Charlotte North Carolina !B-1148668108 775,202 !B-567364892 731,424 !D00-1906151964 +5.99%

 sq mi
770.984 km2  per sq mi
949 km-2

02404032 35.2087°N 80.8307°W
18 Detroit Michigan !B-149284312 701,475 !B-323137589 713,777 !H-637246803 −1.72%

 sq mi
359.362 km2  per sq mi
1,986 km-2

01626181 42.3830°N 83.1022°W
19 El Paso Texas !B271982143 672,538 !B626376898 649,121 !D00-1138169512 +3.61%

 sq mi
661.057 km2  per sq mi
982 km-2

02410414 31.8484°N 106.4270°W
20 Memphis Tennessee !B533849809 655,155 !B660821110 646,889 !D0000650567066 +1.28%

 sq mi
815.988 km2  per sq mi
793 km-2

02405068 35.1035°N 89.9785°W
21 Boston Massachusetts !B823054052 636,479 !B1124255461 617,594 !D0000514894906 +3.06%

 sq mi
125.037 km2  per sq mi
4,939 km-2

00619463 42.3320°N 71.0202°W
22 Seattle Washington !B853643826 634,535 !B1269970102 608,660 !D0001515054607 +4.25%

 sq mi
217.410 km2  per sq mi
2,800 km-2

02411856 47.6205°N 122.3509°W
23 Denver[12] Colorado !B857899816 634,265 !B1410638759 600,158 !D00-1387867952 +5.68%

 sq mi
396.269 km2  per sq mi
1,515 km-2

02410324 39.7618°N 104.8806°W
24 Washington[13]