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List of United States Senators in the 101st Congress by seniority

 

List of United States Senators in the 101st Congress by seniority

This is a classification of United States Senators by seniority during the 101st Congress, from January 3, 1989 to January 3, 1991.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3][4] Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1990 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

U.S. Senate Seniority List

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Name Seniority Date Other Factors
1 Strom Thurmond (R-SC) November 7, 1956
2 Robert Byrd (D-WV) January 3, 1959
3 Quentin Burdick (D-ND) August 8, 1960
4 Claiborne Pell (D-RI) January 3, 1961
5 Ted Kennedy (D-MA) November 7, 1962
6 Daniel Inouye (D-HI) January 3, 1963
7 Ernest Hollings (D-SC) November 9, 1966
8 Mark Hatfield (R-OR) January 10, 1967
9 Ted Stevens (R-AK) December 24, 1968
10 Bob Dole (R-KS) January 3, 1969 Former Rep (8 years)
11 Alan Cranston (D-CA) California 2nd Population (1960)
12 Bob Packwood (R-OR) Oregon 32nd Population (1960)
13 Bill Roth (R-DE) January 1, 1971
14 Lloyd Bentsen (D-TX) January 3, 1971
15 Sam Nunn (D-GA) November 8, 1972
16 Bennett Johnston Jr. (D-LA) November 14, 1972
17 James A. McClure[5] (R-ID) January 3, 1973 Former Rep (4 Years)
18 Jesse Helms (R-NC) North Carolina Ranked 12th Population (1970)
19 Pete Domenici (R-NM) New Mexico Ranked 37th Population (1970)
20 Joe Biden (D-DE) Delaware Ranked 46th Population (1970)
21 Jake Garn (R-UT) December 21, 1974
22 John Glenn (D-OH) December 24, 1974
23 Wendell H. Ford (D-KY) December 28, 1974
24 Dale Bumpers (D-AR) January 3, 1975 Former Governor
25 Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
26 John Danforth (R-MO) December 27, 1976
27 Howard Metzenbaum (D-OH) December 29, 1976 Previously a Senator
28 John Chafee (R-RI)
29 Donald W. Riegle, Jr. (D-MI) December 30, 1976
30 Spark Matsunaga[6] (D-HI) January 3, 1977 Former Rep (14 Years)
31 H. John Heinz III (R-PA) Former Rep (6 Years)
32 Paul Sarbanes (D-MD) Former Rep (6 Years)
33 Pat Moynihan (D-NY) New York 2nd Population (1970)
34 Richard Lugar (R-IN) Indiana 11th Population (1970)
35 Jim Sasser (D-TN) Tennessee 17th Population (1970)
36 Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ) Arizona 22nd Population (1970))
37 Orrin Hatch (R-UT) Utah 36th Population (1970)
38 Malcolm Wallop (R-WY) Wyoming 49th Population (1970)
39 David Durenberger (R-MN) November 8, 1978
40 Max Baucus (D-MT) December 15, 1978
41 Nancy Kassebaum Baker (R-KS) December 23, 1978
42 Thad Cochran (R-MS) December 27, 1978
43 Rudy Boschwitz[5] (R-MN) December 30, 1978
44 Alan K. Simpson (R-WY) January 1, 1979
45 John Warner (R-VA) January 2, 1979
46 David Pryor (D-AR) January 3, 1979 Former Rep (6 years, 2 months)
47 William Cohen (R-ME) Former Rep (6 years)
48 William L. Armstrong[5] (R-CO) Former Rep (4 years) - Colorado 30th Population (1970)
49 Larry Pressler (R-SD) Former Rep (4 years) - South Dakota 44th Population (1970)
50 David L. Boren (D-OK) Former Governor - Oklahoma 27th Population (1970)
51 J. James Exon (D-NE) Former Governor - Nebraska 35th Population (1970)
52 Carl Levin (D-MI) Michigan 7th Population (1970)
53 Bill Bradley (D-NJ) New Jersey 8th Population (1970)
54 Howell Heflin (D-AL) Alabama 21st Population (1970)
55 Gordon J. Humphrey[5] (R-NH) New Hampshire 41st Population (1970)
56 George J. Mitchell (D-ME) May 17, 1980
57 Warren Rudman (R-NH) December 31, 1980
58 Steve Symms (R-ID) January 3, 1981 Former Rep (12 years)
59 Chris Dodd (D-CT) Former Rep (6 years) - Connecticut 24th Population (1970)
60 Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Former Rep (6 years) - Iowa 25th Population (1970)
61 Bob Kasten (R-WI) Former Rep (4 years)
62 Al D'Amato (R-NY) New York 2nd Population (1970)
63 Arlen Specter (R-PA) Pennsylvania 3rd Population (1970)
64 Alan J. Dixon (D-IL) Illinois 5th Population (1970)
65 Don Nickles (R-OK) Oklahoma 27th Population (1970)
66 Frank Murkowski (R-AK) Alaska 50th Population (1970)
67 Frank Lautenberg[7] (D-NJ) December 27, 1982
68 Pete Wilson (R-CA) January 3, 1983 California 1st Population (1980)
69 Jeff Bingaman (D-NM) New Mexico 37th Population (1980)
70 John Kerry (D-MA) January 2, 1985
71 Paul Simon (D-IL) January 3, 1985 Former Rep (10 Years) - Illinois 5th Population (1980)
72 Tom Harkin (D-IA) Former Rep (10 years) - Iowa 27th Population (1980)
73 Al Gore (D-TN) Former Rep (8 years)
74 Phil Gramm (R-TX) Former Rep (6 years)
75 Mitch McConnell (R-KY)
76 Jay Rockefeller (D-WV) January 15, 1985
77 Terry Sanford (D-NC) November 5, 1986
78 John Breaux (D-LA) January 3, 1987 Former Rep (14 years)
79 Brock Adams (D-WA) Former Rep (12 years) - Former Cabinet Member
80 Tim Wirth (D-CO) Former Rep (12 years)
81 Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) Former Rep (10 years)
82 Wyche Fowler (D-GA) Former Rep (9 years, 9 Months)
83 Richard Shelby (R-AL) Former Rep (8 years) - Alabama Ranked 22nd population (1980)
84 Tom Daschle (D-SD) Former Rep (8 years) - South Dakota Ranked 45th population (1980)
85 John McCain (R-AZ) Former Rep (4 years) - Arizona Ranked 29th Population (1980)
86 Harry Reid (D-NV) Former Rep (4 years) - Nevada Ranked 43rd population (1980)
87 Bob Graham (D-FL) Former Governor - Florida Ranked 7th population (1980)
88 Kit Bond (R-MO) Former Governor - Missouri Ranked 15th population (1980)
89 Kent Conrad (D-ND)
90 Slade Gorton (R-WA) January 3, 1989 Previously a Senator
91 Trent Lott (R-MS) Former Rep (16 Years)
92 Jim Jeffords (R-VT) Former Rep (14 Years)
93 Dan Coats (R-IN) Former Rep (8 Years)
94 Connie Mack (R-FL) Former Rep (6 Years)
95 Chuck Robb (D-VA) Former Governor - Virginia Ranked 14th Population (1980)
96 Richard Bryan (D-NV) Former Governor - Nevada Ranked Ranked 43rd Population (1980)
97 Bob Kerrey (D-NE) Former Governor - Nebraska Ranked 35th Population (1980)
98 Herb Kohl (D-WI) Wisconsin Ranked 16th Population (1980)
99 Joe Lieberman (D-CT) Connecticut Ranked 25th Population (1980)
100 Conrad Burns (R-MT) Montana Ranked 44th Population (1980)
Daniel Akaka (D-HI) May 16, 1990
Bob Smith (R-NH) December 7, 1990

See also

Notes


-- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1961 U.S Census Report Contains 1960 Census results.
  3. ^ 1971 U.S Census Report Contains 1970 Census results.
  4. ^ 1981 U.S Census Report Contains 1980 Census results.
  5. ^ a b c d Retired or defeated after 1990 Election
  6. ^ Senator Matsunaga died on April 15, 1990.
  7. ^ Senator Lautenberg left the Senate but returned in 2003, he cannot regain his previous seniority according to Senate Rules.

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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