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List of United States Senators in the 104th Congress by seniority

 

List of United States Senators in the 104th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of United States Senators by seniority during the 104th Congress, from January 3, 1995 to January 3, 1997.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a state governor. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3][4]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1996 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

Contents

  • U.S. Senate Seniority List 1
  • See also 2
  • Notes 3
  • External links 4

U.S. Senate Seniority List

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Name Seniority Date Other Factors
1 Strom Thurmond (R-SC) November 7, 1956
2 Robert Byrd (D-WV) January 3, 1959
3 Claiborne Pell[5] (D-RI) January 3, 1961
4 Ted Kennedy (D-MA) November 7, 1962
5 Daniel Inouye (D-HI) January 3, 1963
6 Ernest Hollings (D-SC) November 9, 1966
7 Mark Hatfield[5] (R-OR) January 10, 1967
8 Ted Stevens (R-AK) December 24, 1968
9 Bob Dole[6] (R-KS) January 3, 1969 Former Rep (8 years)
10 Bob Packwood[7] (R-OR)
11 Bill Roth (R-DE) January 1, 1971
12 Sam Nunn[5] (D-GA) November 8, 1972
13 Bennett Johnston Jr.[5] (D-LA) November 14, 1972
14 Jesse Helms (R-NC) January 3, 1973 North Carolina 12th Population (1970)
15 Pete Domenici (R-NM) New Mexico 37th Population (1970)
16 Joe Biden (D-DE) Delaware 46th Population (1970)
17 John Glenn (D-OH) December 24, 1974
18 Wendell H. Ford (D-KY) December 28, 1974
19 Dale Bumpers (D-AR) January 3, 1975 Former Governor
20 Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
21 John Chafee (R-RI) December 29, 1976
22 Paul Sarbanes (D-MD) January 3, 1977 Former Rep
23 Pat Moynihan (D-NY) New York 2nd Population (1970)
24 Richard Lugar (R-IN) Indiana 11th population (1970)
25 Orrin Hatch (R-UT) Utah 36th population
26 Max Baucus (D-MT) December 15, 1978
27 Nancy Kassebaum Baker[5] (R-KS) December 23, 1978
28 Thad Cochran (R-MS) December 27, 1978
29 Alan K. Simpson (R-WY)[5] January 1, 1979
30 John Warner (R-VA) January 2, 1979
31 David Pryor[5] (D-AR) January 3, 1979 Former Rep (6 years, 2 months)
32 William Cohen[5] (R-ME) Former Rep (6 years)
33 Larry Pressler[5] (R-SD) Former Rep (4 years)
34 J. James Exon[5] (D-NE) Former Governor
35 Carl Levin (D-MI) Michigan 7th Population (1970)
36 Bill Bradley[5] (D-NJ) New Jersey 8th Population (1970)
37 Howell Heflin[5] (D-AL) Alabama 21st Population (1970)
38 Chris Dodd (D-CT) January 3, 1981 Former Rep (6 years) - Connecticut 24th Population (1970)
39 Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Former Rep (6 years) - Iowa 25th Population (1970)
40 Al D'Amato (R-NY) New York 2nd Population (1970)
41 Arlen Specter (R-PA) Pennsylvania 3rd Population (1970)
42 Don Nickles (R-OK) Oklahoma 27th Population (1970)
43 Frank Murkowski (R-AK) Alaska 50th Population (1970)
44 Frank Lautenberg[8] (D-NJ) December 27, 1982
45 Jeff Bingaman (D-NM) January 3, 1983
46 John Kerry (D-MA) January 2, 1985
47 Paul Simon[5] (D-IL) January 3, 1985 Former Rep (10 Years) - Illinois 5th Population (1980)
48 Tom Harkin (D-IA) Former Rep (10 years) - Iowa 27th Population (1980)
49 Phil Gramm (R-TX) Former Rep (6 years)
50 Mitch McConnell (R-KY)
51 Jay Rockefeller (D-WV) January 15, 1985
52 John Breaux (D-LA) January 3, 1987 Former Rep (14 years)
53 Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) Former Rep (10 years)
54 Richard Shelby (R-AL) Former Rep (8 years) - Alabama 22nd population (1980)
55 Tom Daschle (D-SD) Former Rep (8 years) - South Dakota 45th population (1980)
56 John McCain (R-AZ) Former Rep (4 years) - Arizona 29th Population (1980)
57 Harry Reid (D-NV) Former Rep (4 years) - Nevada 43rd population (1980)
58 Bob Graham (D-FL) Former Governor - Florida 7th population (1980)
59 Kit Bond (R-MO) Former Governor - Missouri 15th population (1980)
60 Kent Conrad (D-ND)
61 Slade Gorton (R-WA) January 3, 1989 Previously a Senator
62 Trent Lott (R-MS) Former Rep (16 Years)
63 Jim Jeffords (R-VT) Former Rep (14 Years)
64 Dan Coats (R-IN) Former Rep (8 Years)
65 Connie Mack (R-FL) Former Rep (6 Years)
66 Chuck Robb (D-VA) Former Governor - Virginia 14th Population (1980)
67 Richard Bryan (D-NV) Former Governor - Nevada 43rd Population (1980)
68 Bob Kerrey (D-NE) Former Governor - Nebraska 35th Population (1980)
69 Herb Kohl (D-WI) Wisconsin 16th Population (1980)
70 Joe Lieberman (D-CT) Connecticut 25th Population (1980)
71 Conrad Burns (R-MT) Montana 44th Population (1980)
72 Daniel Akaka (D-HI) May 16, 1990
73 Bob Smith (R-NH) December 7, 1990
74 Hank Brown[5] (R-CO) January 3, 1991 Former Rep (10 years)
75 Larry Craig (R-ID) Former Rep (6 years)
76 Paul Wellstone (D-MN)
77 Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) November 10, 1992
78 Byron Dorgan (D-ND) December 15, 1992
79 Barbara Boxer (D-CA) January 3, 1993 Former Rep (10 years)
80 Judd Gregg (R-NH) Former Rep (8 years) Former Governor
81 Ben Nighthorse Campbell[9] (D-CO) Former Rep (6 years)
82 Carol Moseley Braun (D-IL) Illinois 6th Population (1990)
83 Lauch Faircloth (R-NC) North Carolina 10th Population (1990)
84 Paul Coverdell (R-GA) Georgia 11th Population (1990)
85 Russ Feingold (D-WI) Wisconsin 16th Population (1990)
86 Patty Murray (D-WA) Washington 18th Population (1990)
87 Bob Bennett (R-UT) Utah 35th Population (1990)
88 Dirk Kempthorne (R-ID) Idaho 42nd Population (1990)
89 Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX) June 14, 1993
90 Jim Inhofe (R-OK) November 17, 1994
91 Fred Thompson (R-TN) December 2, 1994
92 Olympia Snowe (R-ME) January 3, 1995 Former Rep (16 years)
93 Mike DeWine (R-OH) Former Rep (8 years) - Ohio 7th Population (1990)
94 Jon Kyl (R-AZ) Former Rep (8 years) - Arizona 24th Population (1990)
95 Craig Thomas (R-WY) Former Rep (6 years)
96 Rick Santorum (R-PA) Former Rep (4 years)
97 Rod Grams (R-MN) Former Rep (2 years)
98 John Ashcroft (R-MO) Former Governor
99 Spencer Abraham (R-MI) Michigan 8th Population (1990)
100 Bill Frist (R-TN) Tennessee 17th Population (1990)
Ron Wyden (D-OR) February 6, 1996
Sheila Frahm[5] (R-KS) June 11, 1996
Sam Brownback (R-KS) November 7, 1996

See also

Notes


-- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1971 U.S Census Report Contains 1970 Census results.
  3. ^ 1981 U.S Census Report Contains 1980 Census results.
  4. ^ 1991 U.S Census Report Contains 1990 Census results.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Retired or defeated after 1996 Election
  6. ^ Senator Dole stepped down on June 11, 1996 in order to concentrate on the 1996 U.S. Presidential Election.
  7. ^ Senator Packenwood was forced to resign on September 7, 1995 due to allegatons of sexual harassment.
  8. ^ Senator Lautenberg left the Senate but returned in 2003. Senate Rules bar him from regaining his previous seniority.
  9. ^ Senator Campbell switched to the Republican party sometime during 1995.

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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