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List of United States Senators in the 17th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of United States Senators by seniority from March 4, 1821 to March 3, 1823.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1]

The two main parties at this point were the Federalists (F), and Democratic Republicans (DR).

Rank Name (Party-State) Seniority date Other factors
1 John Gaillard (DR-SC) December 6, 1804
2 Rufus King (F-NY) March 4, 1813
3 James Barbour (AD-VA) January 2, 1815
4 Benjamin Ruggles (DR-OH) March 4, 1815
5 John Williams (DR-TN) October 10, 1815
6 Nathaniel Macon (DR-NC) December 5, 1815
7 Montfort Stokes (DR-NC) December 4, 1816 North Carolina 4th in Population (1810)
8 Martin D. Hardin (DR-SC) South Carolina 6th in Population (1810)
9 James Noble (DR-IN) December 11, 1816 Alphabetical (N)
10 Waller Taylor (DR-IN) Alphabetical (T)
11 Harrison Gray Otis (F-MA)[2] March 4, 1817 Former Representative (4 years)
12 Nicholas Van Dyke (F-DE) Former Representative (3 years)
13 Mahlon Dickerson (DR-NJ) Former Governor
14 David Lawrence Morril (DR-NH)
15 Thomas Hill Williams (DR-MS) December 10, 1817
16 Henry Johnson (DR-LA) January 12, 1818
17 William Adams Palmer (DR-VT) October 20, 1818
18 Jesse Burgess Thomas (DR-IL) November 23, 1818 Former Delegate
19 Ninian Edwards (DR-IL)
20 James Brown (DR-LA) March 4, 1819 Former Senator
21 Edward Lloyd (DR-MD) Former Representative (2 years, 3 months)
22 John Fabyan Parrott (DR-NH) Former Representative (2 years, 0 months)
23 Walter Lowrie (DR-PA) Pennsylvania 3rd in Population (1810)
24 James Lanman (DR-CT) Connecticut 9th in Population (1810)
25 John Elliott (DR-GA) Georgia 11th in Population (1810)
26 William Allen Trimble (DR-OH)[3] Ohio 13th in Population (1810)
27 Freeman Walker (DR-GA)[4] November 6, 1819
28 Richard Mentor Johnson (DR-KY) December 10, 1819
29 James Pleasants (DR-VA)[5] December 14, 1819 Former Representative (8 years)
30 William Rufus de Vane King (DR-AL) Former Representative (5 years)
31 John Williams Walker (DR-AL)[6]
32 William Pinkney (DR-MD)[7] December 21, 1819
33 Elijah Hunt Mills (F-MA) June 12, 1820
34 John Holmes (U.S. politician) (DR-ME) June 13, 1820
35 John Chandler (DR-ME) June 14, 1820
36 David Holmes (DR-MS) August 30, 1820
37 Isham Talbot (DR-KY) October 19, 1820
38 Nehemiah Rice Knight (DR-RI) January 9, 1821
39 Samuel Lewis Southard (DR-NJ) January 26, 1821
40 Martin Van Buren (DR-NY) March 4, 1821 New York 1st in Population (1810)
41 Elijah Boardman (DR-CT) Connecticut 9th in Population (1810)
42 Horatio Seymour (DR-VT) Vermont 15th in Population (1810)
43 James De Wolf (DR-RI) Rhode Island 17th in Population (1810)
44 David Barton (DR-MO) August 10, 1821 Alphabetical (Ba)
45 Thomas Hart Benton (DR-MO) Alphabetical (Be)
46 John Henry Eaton (DR-TN) September 27, 1821
47 Nicholas Ware (DR-GA) November 10, 1821
48 William Findlay (DR-PA) December 10, 1821
49 Ethan Allen Brown (DR-OH) January 3, 1822
50 Caesar Augustus Rodney (DR-DE)[8] January 24, 1822
51 James Lloyd (F-MA) June 5, 1822
52 William Kelly (DR-AL) December 12, 1822
53 Samuel Smith (DR-MD) December 17, 1822
54 John Taylor (DR-VA) December 18, 1822 Former Senator

Notes

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ Harrison Otis resigned May 30, 1822
  3. ^ William Trimble resigned December 13, 1821
  4. ^ Freeman Walker resigned August 6, 1821
  5. ^ James Pleasants resigned December 15, 1822
  6. ^ John Walker resigned December 12, 1822
  7. ^ William Pinkney resigned February 25, 1822
  8. ^ Caesar Rodney resigned January 29, 1823

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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