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List of United States Senators in the 20th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of United States Senators by seniority from March 4, 1827 to March 3, 1829. Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1818 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.
Rank Name (Party-State) Seniority date Other factors
1 Benjamin Ruggles (A-OH) March 4, 1815
2 Nathaniel Macon (J-NC)[4] December 5, 1815
3 James Noble (A-IN) December 11, 1816
4 Mahlon Dickerson (J-NJ)[5] March 4, 1817
5 Thomas Hill Williams (J-MS) December 10, 1817
6 Jesse Burgess Thomas (A-IL) November 23, 1818
7 Richard Mentor Johnson (J-KY) December 10, 1819
8 William Rufus de Vane King (J-AL) December 14, 1819
9 John Chandler (J-ME) June 14, 1820
10 Nehemiah Rice Knight (A-RI) January 9, 1821
11 Martin Van Buren (J-NY)[6] March 4, 1821 New York 1st in Population (1810)
12 Horatio Seymour (A-VT) Vermont 15th in Population (1810)
13 David Barton (A-MO) August 10, 1821 Alphabetical (Ba)
14 Thomas Hart Benton (J-MO) Alphabetical (Be)
15 John Henry Eaton (J-TN) September 27, 1821
16 Samuel Smith (J-MD) December 17, 1822
17 John Branch (C-NC) Former Governor; North Carolina 4th in Population (1820)
18 Samuel Bell (A-NH) Former Governor; New Hampshire 15th in Population (1820)
19 Robert Young Hayne (J-NH)
20 Josiah Stoddard Johnston (A-LA) January 15, 1824
21 Charles Dominique Joseph Bouligny (A-LA) November 19, 1824
22 Thomas Willis Cobb (C-GA) December 6, 1824
23 Littleton Waller Tazewell (J-VA) December 7, 1824
24 Dudley Chase (AJ-VT) March 4, 1825 Former Senator
25 William Hendricks (A-IN) Former Representative (5 years)
26 William Henry Harrison (A-OH)[7] Former Representative (3 years)
27 John Rowan (J-KY) Former Representative (2 years)
28 William Marks (A-PA) Pennsylvania 2nd in Population (1820)
29 John Macpherson Berrien (J-GA) Georgia 11th in Population (1820)
30 Elias Kent Kane (J-IL) Illinois 24th in Population (1820)
31 Levi Woodbury (J-NH) March 16, 1825
32 Calvin Willey (J-CT) May 4, 1825
33 Hugh Lawson White (J-TN) October 28, 1825
34 Ashur Robbins (A-RI) October 31, 1825
35 Nathan Sanford (A-NY) January 14, 1826
36 Ezekiel Forman Chambers (A-VA) January 24, 1826
37 Nathaniel Silsbee (A-MA) May 31, 1826
38 Ephraim Bateman (A-NJ)[8] November 10, 1826
39 John McKinley (J-AL) November 27, 1826
40 William Smith (DR-SC) November 29, 1826
41 Henry Moore Ridgely (J-DE) January 12, 1827
42 Powhatan Ellis (J-MS) March 4, 1827 Former Senator
43 Louis McLane (J-DE) Former Representative (10 years)
44 John Tyler (J-VA) Former Representative (4 years, 2 months)
45 Samuel Augustus Foot (A-CT) Former Representative (4 years, 0 months)
46 Albion Keith Parris (J-ME)[9] Former Representative (2 years)
47 Isaac Dutton Barnard (J-PA)
48 Daniel Webster (A-MA) December 17, 1827
Oliver Hillhouse Prince (J-GA) November 7, 1828
Jacob Burnet (A-OH) December 10, 1828
James Iredell (J-NC) December 15, 1828
John Holmes (DR-ME) January 15, 1829 Former Representative
Charles Edward Dudley (J-NY)

Notes

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1810 Census Results
  3. ^ 1820 Census Results
  4. ^ Nathaniel Macon resigned November 14, 1828
  5. ^ Mahlon Dickerson resigned January 30, 1829
  6. ^ Martin Van Buren resigned December 20, 1828
  7. ^ William Henry Harrison resigned May 20, 1828
  8. ^ Ephraim Bateman resigned January 12, 1829
  9. ^ Albion Parris resigned August 26, 1828

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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