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List of United States Senators in the 34th Congress by seniority


List of United States Senators in the 34th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of members of the United States Senate by seniority during the 34th United States Congress, from March 4, 1855 to March 4, 1857.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3][4]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the Congress (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1856 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Name Seniority Date Other Factors
James Pearce (D-MD) March 4, 1843
Jesse D. Bright (D-IN) March 4, 1845
Thomas Jefferson Rusk (D-TX) February 21, 1846
Sam Houston (D-TX) February 26, 1846
Andrew Pickens Butler (D-SC) December 4, 1846
James M. Mason (D-VA) January 21, 1847
Stephen A. Douglas (D-IL) March 4, 1847
Robert M. T. Hunter (D-VA)
John Bell (D-TN) November 22, 1847
William K. Sebastian (D-AR) May 12, 1848
Henry Dodge (D-WI) June 8, 1848
Hannibal Hamlin (D-ME)
Augustus C. Dodge (D-IA) December 7, 1848
George W. Jones (D-IA)
William H. Seward (R-NY) March 4, 1849
Lewis Cass (D-MI)
Solomon Foot (R-VT) March 4, 1851
James A. Bayard, Jr. (D-DE)
Stephen Mallory (D-FL)
Henry S. Geyer (W-MO)
Richard Brodhead (D-PA)
Charles T. James (D-RI)
James C. Jones (D-TN)
Benjamin Wade (R-OH) March 15, 1851
Charles Sumner (LR-MA) April 11, 1851
Isaac Toucey (D-CT) May 12, 1851
John M. Clayton (R-NY) December 1, 1851
John B. Weller (LD-CA) January 30, 1852
Stephen Adams (D-MS) March 17, 1852
John R. Thomson (D-NJ) March 4, 1853
Robert Toombs (D-GA)
Judah P. Benjamin (D-LA)
Josiah J. Evans (D-SC)
Charles E. Stuart (D-MI)
John B. Thompson (D-KY)
John M. Clayton (W-DE)
James Harlan (FS-IA)
Robert Ward Johnson (D-AR) July 6, 1853
Philip Allen (D-RI) July 20, 1853
Clement Claiborne Clay (D-AL) November 29, 1853
John Slidell (D-LA) December 5, 1853
Albert G. Brown (D-MS) January 7, 1854
William P. Fessenden (R-ME) February 10, 1854
David Settle Reid (D-NC) December 6, 1854
Henry Wilson (R-MA) January 31, 1855
Lyman Trumbull (R-IL) March 4, 1855
Jacob Collamer (R-VT)
Lafayette S. Foster (R-CT)
David Levy Yulee (D-FL)
Alfred Iverson, Sr. (D-GA)
John J. Crittenden (A-KY)
George E. Pugh (D-OH)
Charles Durkee (R-WI)
Asa Biggs (D-NC)
James Bell (R-NH)
John P. Hale (D-NH) July 30, 1855
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D-AL) November 26, 1855
William Bigler (D-PA) January 14, 1856
Joseph P. Comegys (W-DE) November 19, 1856
James S. Green (D-MO) January 12, 1857
William M. Gwin (D-CA) January 13, 1857
Martin W. Bates (D-DE) January 14, 1857
Amos Nourse (R-ME) January 16, 1857
James Harlan (R-IA) January 29, 1857
Graham N. Fitch (D-IN) February 4, 1857


  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via
  2. ^ 1871 U.S Census Report Contains 1870 Census results
  3. ^ 1881 U.S Census Report Contains 1880 Census results
  4. ^ 1891 U.S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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