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List of United States Senators in the 35th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of members of the United States Senate by seniority during the 35th United States Congress, from March 4, 1857 to March 4, 1859.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3][4]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the Congress (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1858 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Name Seniority Date Other Factors
James Pearce (D-MD) March 4, 1843
Jesse D. Bright (D-IN) March 4, 1845
Thomas Jefferson Rusk (D-TX) February 21, 1846
Sam Houston (D-TX) February 26, 1846
Andrew Pickens Butler (D-SC) December 4, 1846
James M. Mason (D-VA) January 21, 1847
Stephen A. Douglas (D-IL) March 4, 1847
Robert M. T. Hunter (D-VA)
John Bell (D-TN) November 22, 1847
William K. Sebastian (D-AR) May 12, 1848
George W. Jones (D-IA) December 7, 1848
William H. Seward (R-NY) March 4, 1849
Solomon Foot (R-VT) March 4, 1851
James A. Bayard, Jr. (D-DE)
Stephen Mallory (D-FL)
Benjamin Wade (R-OH) March 15, 1851
Charles Sumner (LR-MA) April 11, 1851
John R. Thomson (D-NJ) March 4, 1853
Robert Toombs (D-GA)
Judah P. Benjamin (D-LA)
Josiah J. Evans (D-SC)
Charles E. Stuart (D-MI)
John B. Thompson (D-KY)
Robert Ward Johnson (D-AR) July 6, 1853
Philip Allen (D-RI) July 20, 1853
Clement Claiborne Clay (D-AL) November 29, 1853
John Slidell (D-LA) December 5, 1853
Albert G. Brown (D-MS) January 7, 1854
William P. Fessenden (R-ME) February 10, 1854
David Settle Reid (D-NC) December 6, 1854
Henry Wilson (R-MA) January 31, 1855
Lyman Trumbull (R-IL) March 4, 1855
Jacob Collamer (R-VT)
Lafayette S. Foster (R-CT)
David Levy Yulee (D-FL)
Alfred Iverson, Sr. (D-GA)
John J. Crittenden (A-KY)
George E. Pugh (D-OH)
Charles Durkee (R-WI)
Asa Biggs (D-NC)
James Bell (R-NH)
John P. Hale (D-NH) July 30, 1855
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D-AL) November 26, 1855
William Bigler (D-PA) January 14, 1856
James S. Green (D-MO) January 12, 1857
William M. Gwin (D-CA) January 13, 1857
Martin W. Bates (D-DE) January 14, 1857
James Harlan (R-IA) January 29, 1857
Graham N. Fitch (D-IN) February 4, 1857
Zachariah Chandler (R-MI) March 4, 1857
James Dixon (R-CT)
James R. Doolittle (R-WI)
Anthony Kennedy (KN-MD)
Trusten Polk (D-MO)
Preston King (D-NY)
James F. Simmons (R-RI)
Hannibal Hamlin (R-ME)
David C. Broderick (D-CA)
Jefferson Davis (D-MS)
Simon Cameron (R-PA)
Daniel Clark (R-NH) June 27, 1857
Andrew Johnson (D-TN) October 8, 1857
James Pinckney Henderson (D-TX) November 9, 1857
James H. Hammond (D-SC) December 7, 1857
Thomas Lanier Clingman (D-NC) May 7, 1858
Henry Mower Rice (D-MN) May 11, 1858
Arthur P. Hayne (D-SC)
James Shields (D-MN)
Matthias Ward (D-TX) September 27, 1858
James Chestnut, Jr. (D-SC) December 3, 1858
Joseph Lane (D-OR) February 14, 1859
Delazon Smith (D-OR)


  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via
  2. ^ 1871 U.S Census Report Contains 1870 Census results
  3. ^ 1881 U.S Census Report Contains 1880 Census results
  4. ^ 1891 U.S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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