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List of United States Senators in the 42nd Congress by seniority

This is a classification of members of the United States Senate by seniority during the 42nd United States Congress, from March 4, 1871 to March 4, 1873.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3][4]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the Congress (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1872 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Name Seniority Date Other Factors
Charles Sumner (LR-MA) April 11, 1851
Henry Wilson (R-MA) January 31, 1855
Lyman Trumbull (R-IL) March 4, 1855
Zachariah Chandler (R-MI) March 4, 1857
Henry B. Anthony (R-RI) March 4, 1859 Former Governor
Timothy O. Howe (R-WI) March 4, 1861
John Sherman (R-OH) March 21, 1861
Samuel C. Pomeroy (R-KS) April 4, 1861
Garrett Davis (D-KY) December 23, 1861
Alexander Ramsey (R-MN) March 4, 1863
William Sprague IV (R-RI)
William M. Stewart (R-NV) December 15, 1864
James W. Nye (R-NV) December 16, 1864
Aaron H. Cragin (R-NH) March 4, 1865
George F. Edmunds (R-VT) April 3, 1866
Roscoe Conkling (R-NY) March 4, 1867
Justin Smith Morrill (R-VT)
Oliver P. Morton (R-IN)
Simon Cameron (R-PA)
Orris S. Ferry (R-CT)
Thomas Tipton (R-NE)
Cornelius Cole (R-CA)
James Harlan (R-IA)
James W. Patterson (R-NH)
Henry W. Corbett (R-OR)
George Vickers (D-MD) March 7, 1868
Benjamin F. Rice (R-AR) June 23, 1868
Thomas W. Osborn (R-FL) June 25, 1868
William P. Kellogg (R-LA) July 9, 1868
George E. Spencer (R-AL) July 13, 1868
John Pool (R-SC) July 14, 1868
Thomas J. Robertson (R-SC) July 15, 1868
Frederick A. Sawyer (R-SC) July 16, 1868
Thomas F. Bayard (D-DE) March 4, 1869
Hannibal Hamlin (R-ME)
Allen G. Thurman (D-OH)
Eugene Casserly (D-CA)
William A. Buckingham (R-CT)
Abijah Gilbert (R-FL)
Daniel D. Pratt (R-IN)
William T. Hamilton (D-MD)
Carl Schurz (R-MO)
John P. Stockton (D-NJ)
Reuben Fenton (R-NY)
John Scott (R-PA)
William G. Brownlow (R-TN)
Arthur I. Boreman (R-WV)
Matthew H. Carpenter (R-WI)
Lot M. Morrill (D-ME) October 30, 1869
John W. Johnston (D-VA) January 26, 1870
John F. Lewis (R-VA)
Adelbert Ames (R-MS) February 23, 1870
James W. Flanagan (R-TX) March 30, 1870
Morgan C. Hamilton (R-TX) March 31, 1870
Francis Preston Blair, Jr. (D-MO) January 20, 1871
Joshua Hill (R-GA) February 1, 1871
Eli M. Saulsbury (D-DE) March 4, 1871
Thomas W. Ferry (R-MI)
William Windom (R-MN) Former Rep.
Henry G. Davis (D-WV)
George Goldthwaite] (D-AL)
Powell Clayton] (R-AR)
John A. Logan (R-IL)
George G. Wright (R-IA)
John W. Stevenson (D-KY)
Joseph R. West (R-LA)
Phineas Hitchcock (R-NE)
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen (R-NJ)
James K. Kelly (D-OR)
Henry Cooper (D-TN)
Alexander Caldwell (R-KS)
Thomas M. Norwood (D-GA) November 14, 1871
James L. Alcorn (R-MS) December 1, 1871
Matt W. Ransom (D-NC) January 30, 1872
Willis Benson Machen (D-KY) September 27, 1872


  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via
  2. ^ 1871 U.S Census Report Contains 1870 Census results
  3. ^ 1881 U.S Census Report Contains 1880 Census results
  4. ^ 1891 U.S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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