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List of United States Senators in the 46th Congress by seniority


List of United States Senators in the 46th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of members of the United States Senate by seniority during the 46th United States Congress, from March 4, 1879 to March 4, 1881.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3][4]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the Congress (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1880 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Name Seniority Date Other Factors
Henry B. Anthony (R-RI) March 4, 1859 Former Governor
George F. Edmunds (R-VT) April 3, 1866
Roscoe Conkling (R-NY) March 4, 1867
Justin Smith Morrill (R-VT)
Thomas F. Bayard (D-DE) March 4, 1869
Hannibal Hamlin (R-ME)
Allen G. Thurman (D-OH)
John W. Johnston (D-VA) January 26, 1870
Eli M. Saulsbury (D-DE) March 4, 1871
Thomas W. Ferry (R-MI)
William Windom (R-MN) Former Rep.
Henry G. Davis (D-WV)
Matt W. Ransom (D-NC) January 30, 1872
William B. Allison (R-IA) March 4, 1873 Former Rep.
John P. Jones (R-NV)
John B. Gordon (D-GA)
William W. Eaton (D-CT) February 5, 1875
Francis Cockrell (D-MO) March 4, 1875
Henry L. Dawes (R-MA)
Charles W. Jones (D-FL)
Samuel J. R. McMillan (R-MN)
Samuel B. Maxey (D-TX)
Ambrose Burnside (R-RI) Former Governor
Newton Booth (Anti-Mono.-CA) Former Governor
Joseph E. McDonald (D-IN) Former Rep.
William Pinkney Whyte (D-MD)
Blanche Bruce (R-MS)
Algernon Paddock (R-NE)
Theodore F. Randolph (D-NJ) Former Governor
Francis Kernan (D-NY)
William A. Wallace (D-PA)
Robert E. Withers (D-VA)
William Sharon (D-NV) April 2, 1875
James G. Blaine (R-MA) July 10, 1876 Former Rep.
Henry M. Teller (R-CO) November 15, 1876
James E. Bailey (D-TN) January 19, 1877
Frank Hereford (D-WV) January 31, 1877
George F. Hoar (R-MA) March 4, 1877 Former Rep.
Isham G. Harris (D-TN) Former Governor
John Tyler Morgan (D-AL)
John R. McPherson (D-NJ)
Matthew Butler (D-SC)
Richard Coke (D-TX)
Preston B. Plumb (R-KS)
James B. Beck (D-KY)
Lucius Q. C. Lamar (D-MS)
Augustus H. Garland (D-AR)
Benjamin H. Hill (D-GA)
David Davis (I-IL)
Samuel J. Kirkwood (R-IA)
Alvin Saunders (R-NE)
Edward H. Rollins (R-NH)
William P. Kellogg (R-LA)
La Fayette Grover (D-OR) Former Governor
J. Donald Cameron (R-PA) March 20, 1877
Daniel W. Voorhees (D-IN) November 6, 1877
Zachariah Chandler (R-MI) February 22, 1879
George G. Vest (D-MO) March 4, 1879 Missouri 5th Population (1870)
Orville H. Platt (R-CT) Connecticut 25th Population (1870)
Wilkinson Call (D-FL) Florida 33rd Population (1870)
Zebulon Baird Vance (D-NC)
Wade Hampton III (R-SC)
John A. Logan (R-IL)
James D. Walker (D-AR)
James T. Farley (D-CA)
Nathaniel P. Hill (R-CO)
John S. Williams (D-KY)
Benjamin F. Jonas (D-LA)
George H. Pendleton (D-OH) Former Rep.
James H. Slater (D-OR) Former Rep.
James B. Groome (D-MD) Former Governor
George S. Houston (D-AL) Former Rep.
Matthew H. Carpenter (R-WI)
Charles H. Bell (R-NH) March 13, 1879
Henry W. Blair (R-NH) June 18, 1879 Former Rep.
Henry P. Baldwin (R-MI) November 17, 1879 Former Governor
Luke Pryor (D-AL) January 7, 1880
Joseph E. Brown (D-GA) May 26, 1880
James L. Pugh (D-AL) November 24, 1880


  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via
  2. ^ 1871 U.S Census Report Contains 1870 Census results
  3. ^ 1881 U.S Census Report Contains 1880 Census results
  4. ^ 1891 U.S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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