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List of United States Senators in the 55th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of members of the United States Senate by seniority during the 55th United States Congress, from March 4, 1897 to March 4, 1899.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3][4]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the Congress (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1898 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Name Seniority Date Other Factors
1 Justin S. Morrill (R-VT) March 4, 1867
2 William B. Allison (R-IA) March 4, 1873 Former Rep.
3 John P. Jones (R-NV)
4 Francis Cockrell (D-MO) March 4, 1875
5 George F. Hoar (R-MA) March 4, 1877 Former Rep.
6 Isham G. Harris (D-TN) Former Governor
7 John Tyler Morgan (D-AL)
8 George G. Vest (D-MO) March 4, 1879 Missouri 5th Population (1870)
9 Orville H. Platt (R-CT) Connecticut 25th Population (1870)
10 John Sherman (R-OH) March 4, 1881 Previously a Senator
11 Eugene Hale (R-ME) Former Rep. (10 years)
12 Joseph Hawley (R-CT) Former Rep. (5 years)
13 James Z. George (D-MS) Mississippi 18th Population (1870)
14 Arthur P. Gorman (D-MD) Maryland 20th Population (1870)
15 William P. Frye (R-ME) March 18, 1881
16 Nelson Aldrich (R-RI) October 5, 1881
17 Shelby Moore Cullom (R-IL) March 4, 1883
18 Henry M. Teller (D-CO) March 4, 1885 Previously a Senator
19 James K. Jones (D-AR)
20 George Gray (D-DE) March 18, 1885
21 James H. Berry (D-AR) March 20, 1885
22 William M. Stewart (R-NV) March 4, 1887 Previously a Senator (11 years)
23 David Turpie (D-IN) Previously a Senator (1 month)
24 John W. Daniel (D-VA) Former Rep.
25 William B. Bate (D-TN) Former Governor, Tennessee 12th Population (1880)
26 Cushman Davis (R-MN) Former Governor, Minnesota 26th Population (1880)
27 Matthew Quay (R-PA) Pennsylvania 2nd Population (1880)
28 Charles J. Faulkner (D-WV) West Virginia 29th Population (1880)
29 Samuel Pasco (D-FL) May 19, 1887
30 James McMillan (R-MI) March 4, 1889 Michigan 9th Population (1880)
31 Edward O. Wolcott (R-CO) Colorado 35th Population (1880)
32 William E. Chandler (R-NH) June 18, 1889
33 Richard F. Pettigrew (SR-SD) November 2, 1889
34 George L. Shoup (R-ID) December 18, 1890
35 Jacob H. Gallinger (R-NH) March 4, 1891 Former Rep. (4 years)
36 Henry C. Hansbrough (R-ND) Former Rep. (2 years)
37 James H. Kyle (R-SD)
38 Redfield Proctor (R-VT) November 2, 1891
39 Roger Q. Mills (D-TX) March 29, 1892
40 Donelson Caffery (D-LA) December 31, 1892
41 William Lindsay (D-KY) February 15, 1893
42 Henry Cabot Lodge (R-MA) March 4, 1893 Former Rep. (6 years)
43 John L. Mitchell (D-WI) Former Rep. (2 years)
44 Edward Murphy, Jr. (D-NY) New York 1st Population (1890)
45 James Smith, Jr. (D-NJ) New Jersey 18th Population (1890)
46 Stephen M. White (D-CA) California 22nd Population (1890)
47 William V. Allen (Pop-NE) Nebraska 26th Population (1890)
48 William N. Roach (D-ND) North Dakota 41st Population (1890)
49 George C. Perkins (R-CA) July 26, 1893
50 Lee Mantle (SR-MT) January 16, 1895
51 Julius C. Burrows (R-MI) January 23, 1895
52 Clarence D. Clark (R-WY) January 24, 1895 Former Rep.
53 Jeter C. Pritchard (R-NC)
54 John L. Wilson (R-WA) February 19, 1895
55 Edward C. Walthall (D-MS) March 4, 1895 Previously a Senator (9 years)
56 William J. Sewell (R-NJ) Previously a Senator (6 years)
57 Francis E. Warren (R-WY) Previously a Senator (3 years)
58 Horace Chilton (D-TX) Previously a Senator (2 years)
59 Thomas Carter (R-MT) Former Delegate, Former Rep.
60 Stephen Elkins (R-WV) Former Delegate, Former Cabinet Member
61 John H. Gear (R-IA) Former Governor, Iowa 10th Population (1890)
62 Knute Nelson (R-MN) Former Governor, Minnesota 20th Population (1890)
63 Benjamin Tillman (D-SC) Former Governor, South Carolina 23rd Population (1890)
64 George P. Wetmore (R-RI) Former Governor, Rhode Island 36th Population (1890)
65 Augustus O. Bacon (D-GA) Georgia 12th Population (1890)
66 Thomas S. Martin (D-VA) Virginia 15th Population (1890)
67 Marion Butler (Pop-NC) North Carolina 16th Population (1890)
68 Lucien Baker (R-KS) Kansas 19th Population (1890)
69 John M. Thurston (R-NE) Nebraska 26th Population (1890)
70 George McBride (R-OR) Oregon 38th Population (1890)
71 Frank Cannon (SR-UT) January 22, 1896
72 Richard Kenney (D-DE) January 19, 1897
73 John C. Spooner (R-WI) March 4, 1897 Previously a Senator (6 years)
74 Thomas C. Platt (R-NY) Previously a Senator (2 months)
75 William E. Mason (R-IL) Former Rep. (4 years)
76 William A. Harris (Pop-KS) Former Rep. (2 years), Kansas 19th Population (1890)
77 George L. Wellington (R-MD) Former Rep. (2 years), Maryland 27th Population (1890)
78 Joseph Rawlins (D-UT) Former Delegate
79 Joseph Foraker (R-OH) Former Governor, Ohio 4th Population (1890)
80 Samuel McEnery (D-LA) Former Governor, Louisiana 25th Population (1890)
81 Boies Penrose (R-PA) Pennsylvania 2nd Population (1890)
82 Charles W. Fairbanks (R-IN) Indiana 8th Population (1890)
83 William Deboe (R-KY) Kentucky 11th Population (1890)
84 Alexander Clay (D-GA) Georgia 12th Population (1890)
85 Edmund Pettus (D-AL) Alabama 17th Population (1890)
86 Joseph H. Earle (D-SC) South Carolina 23rd Population (1890)
87 George Turner (SR-WA) Washington 34th Population (1890)
88 Henry Heitfeld (Pop-ID) Idaho 43rd Population (1890)
Mark Hanna (R-OH) March 6, 1897
89 Stephen Mallory (D-FL) May 15, 1897
John L. McLaurin (D-SC) June 1, 1897
Thomas B. Turley (D-TN) July 20, 1897
Hernando Money (D-MS) October 8, 1897
William V. Sullivan (D-MS) May 31, 1898
90 Joseph Simon (R-OR) October 8, 1898
Jonathan Ross (R-VT) January 11, 1899

Notes

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1871 U.S Census Report Contains 1870 Census results
  3. ^ 1881 U.S Census Report Contains 1880 Census results
  4. ^ 1891 U.S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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