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List of United States Senators in the 84th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of United States Senators by seniority during the 84th Congress, from January 3, 1955 to January 3, 1957.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3][4]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1956 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Name Seniority Date Other Factors
1 (D-GA) [5] November 22, 1922
2 Carl Hayden (D-AZ) March 4, 1927
3 Richard Russell, Jr. (D-GA) January 12, 1933
4 Harry F. Byrd Sr. (D-VA) March 4, 1933
5 James Murray (D-MT) November 7, 1934
6 Dennis Chavez (D-NM) May 11, 1935
7 Theodore F. Green (D-RI) January 3, 1937 Former Governor, Rhode Island 37th Population (1930)
8 Styles Bridges (R-NH) Former Governor, New Hampshire 41st Population (1930)
9 Allen J. Ellender (D-LA)
10 Joseph Hill (D-AL) January 11, 1938
11 Alexander Wiley (R-WI) January 3, 1939
12 William Langer (R-ND) January 3, 1941 Former Governor
13 Harley M. Kilgore[6] (D-WV)
14 George Aiken (R-VT) January 10, 1941
15 Eugene D. Millikin[5] (R-CO) December 20, 1941
16 James Eastland (D-MS) January 3, 1943 Previously A Senator
17 John Little McClellan (D-AR)
18 Howard A. Smith (R-NJ) December 7, 1944
19 Warren G. Magnuson (D-WA) December 14, 1944
20 J. William Fulbright (D-AR) January 3, 1945 Former Rep (2 Years)
21 Bourke B. Hickenlooper (R-IA) Former Governor, Iowa 20th Population (1940)
22 Olin D. Johnston (D-SC) Former Governor, South Carolina 26th Population (1940)
23 Homer E. Capehart (R-IN) Indiana 12th Population (1940)
24 Wayne Morse (D-OR) Oregon 34th Population (1940)
25 Leverett Saltonstall (R-MA) January 10, 1945
26 Milton Young (R-ND) March 12, 1945
27 William F. Knowland (R-CA) August 26, 1945
28 Spessard Holland (D-FL) September 24, 1946
29 Ralph Flanders (R-VT) November 1, 1946
30 A. Willis Robertson (D-VA) November 6, 1946 Former Rep (13 Years, 10 Months)
31 John Sparkman (D-AL) Former Rep (9 Years, 10 Months)
32 William E. Jenner (R-IN) January 3, 1947 Previously a Senator
33 Edward Martin (R-PA) Former Governor, Pennsylvania 2nd Population (1940)
34 John W. Bricker (R-OH) Former Governor, Ohio 4th Population (1940)
35 Edward John Thye (R-MN) Former Governor, Minnesota 18th Population (1940)
36 Irving Ives (R-NY) New York 1st Population (1940)
37 Joseph McCarthy (R-WI) Wisconsin 13th Population (1940)
38 Arthur Vivian Watkins (R-UT) Utah 40th Population (1940)
39 John J. Williams (R-DE) Delaware 47th Population (1940)
40 George W. Malone (R-NV) Nevada 48th Population (1940)
41 John C. Stennis (D-MS) November 17, 1947
42 Karl Mundt (R-SD) December 31, 1948 Former Rep (9 Years)
43 Russell B. Long (D-LA)
44 Matthew M. Neely (D-WV) January 3, 1949 Previously a Senator
45 Lyndon Johnson (D-TX) Former Rep (12 Years)
46 Estes Kefauver (D-TN) Former Rep (10 Years)
47 Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) Former Rep (8 Years, 7 Months)
48 Clinton Anderson (D-NM) Former Cabinet Secretary
49 Robert S. Kerr (D-OK) Former Governor, Oklahoma 22nd Population (1940)
50 Andrew F. Schoeppel (R-KS) Former Governor, Kansas 29th Population (1940)
51 Paul Douglas (D-IL) Illinois 3rd Population (1940)
52 Hubert Humphrey (D-MN) Minnesota 18th Population (1940)
53 Joseph Frear, Jr. (D-DE) Delaware 47th Population (1940)
54 Henry Dworshak (R-ID) October 14, 1949
55 Herbert H. Lehman[5] (D-NY) November 9, 1949
56 Frank Carlson (R-KS) November 27, 1950 Former Rep (12 Years), Former Governor
57 Earle C. Clements[5] (D-KY) Former Rep (3 Years), Former Governor
58 John O. Pastore (D-RI) December 19, 1950
59 Everett Dirksen (R-IL) January 3, 1951 Former Rep (16 Years)
60 Francis H. Case (R-SD) Former Rep (14 Years)
61 Almer Monroney (D-OK) Former Rep (12 years)
62 Thomas C. Hennings, Jr. (D-MO) Former Rep (6 Years)
63 George Smathers (D-FL) Former Rep (4 Years)
64 John M. Butler (R-MD) Maryland 28th Population (1940)
65 Herman Welker[5] (R-ID) Idaho 43rd Population (1940)
66 Wallace F. Bennett (R-UT) Utah 40th Population (1940)
67 James H. Duff[5] (R-PA) January 16, 1951
68 Charles E. Potter (R-MI) November 5, 1952 Former Rep (5 Years, 2 Months)
69 Prescott Bush (R-CT)
70 Thomas Kuchel (R-CA) January 2, 1953
71 William A. Purtell (R-CT) January 3, 1953 Previously A Senator
72 Albert Gore, Sr. (D-TN) Former Rep (14 Years)
73 Henry M. Jackson (D-WA) Former Rep (12 Years)
74 James Glenn Beall (D-MD) Former Rep (10 Years), Maryland 24th Population (1950)
75 Mike Mansfield (D-MT) Former Rep (10 Years), Montana 42nd Population (1950)
76 John F. Kennedy (D-MA) Former Rep (6 Years)
77 Frederick G. Payne (R-ME) Former Governor, Maine 35th Population (1950)
78 Frank A. Barrett (R-WY) Former Governor, Wyoming 48th Population (1950)
79 Price Daniel (D-TX) Texas 6th Population (1950)
80 Stuart Symington (D-MO) Missouri 12th Population (1950)
81 Barry Goldwater (R-AZ) Arizona 37th Population (1950)
82 Sam Ervin (D-NC) June 5, 1954
83 Norris Cotton (R-NH) November 8, 1954 Former Rep (7 Years, 10 Months)
84 Roman Hruska (R-NE) Former Rep (1 Year, 10 Months)
85 Joseph O'Mahoney (D-WY) November 29, 1954 Previously A Senator
86 W. Kerr Scott (D-NC) Former Governor
87 Alan Bible (D-NV) December 2, 1954
88 (R-OH) [5] December 16, 1954
89 Strom Thurmond[7] (I-SC) December 24, 1954
90 Carl Curtis (R-NE) January 1, 1955
91 Alben W. Barkley[8] (D-KY) January 3, 1955 Previously a Senator, Former Rep (14 Years), Former VP
92 Clifford P. Case (R-NJ) Former Rep (8 Years)
93 Thomas Martin (R-IA) Former Rep (6 Years)
94 Patrick V. McNamara (D-MI) Maryland 24th Population (1950)
95 Richard L. Neuberger (D-OR) Oregon 31st Population (1950)
96 Gordon L. Allott (R-CO) Colorado 32nd Population (1950)
William R. Laird, III[5] (D-WV) March 13, 1956
Thomas A. Wofford[5] (D-SC) April 5, 1956
Robert Humphreys[5] (R-KY) June 21, 1956

Notes

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1931 U.S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results
  3. ^ 1941 U.S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results
  4. ^ 1951 U.S Census Report Contains 1950 Census results
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Retired or defeated after 1956 Election
  6. ^ Senator Kilgore died on February 28, 1956.
  7. ^ Senator Thurmond was elected as a write in candidate but he vowed to step down and run as a Democrat which he did on April 4, 1956.
  8. ^ Senator Barkley died on April 30, 1956.

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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