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List of United States Senators in the 96th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of United States Senators by seniority during the 96th Congress, from January 3, 1979 to January 3, 1981.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1980 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

Contents

  • U.S. Senate Seniority List 1
  • See also 2
  • Notes 3
  • External links 4

U.S. Senate Seniority List

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Name Seniority Date Other Factors
1 Warren G. Magnuson[4] (D-WA) December 14, 1944
2 Milton Young[4] (R-ND) March 12, 1945
3 John C. Stennis (D-MS) November 17, 1947
4 Russell B. Long (D-LA) December 31, 1948
5 Henry M. Jackson (D-WA) January 3, 1953
6 Strom Thurmond (R-SC) November 7, 1956
7 Herman Talmadge[4] (D-GA) January 3, 1957 Former Governor
8 Frank Church[4] (D-ID)
9 Jacob K. Javits[4] (R-NY) January 9, 1957
10 William Proxmire (D-WI) August 28, 1957
11 Jennings Randolph (D-WV) November 5, 1958
12 Robert Byrd (D-WV) January 3, 1959 Former Rep (6 years)
13 Harrison A. Williams (D-NJ) Former Rep (4 years)
14 Edmund Muskie[5] (D-ME) Former Governor
15 Howard Cannon (D-NV)
16 Quentin Northrup Burdick (D-ND) August 8, 1960
17 Claiborne Pell (D-RI) January 3, 1961
18 John Tower (R-TX) June 15, 1961
19 Ted Kennedy (D-MA) November 7, 1962
20 Abraham A. Ribicoff[4] (D-CT) January 3, 1963 Former Rep (14 Years) - Former Cabinet Secretary - Former Governor
21 (D-SD) [4] Former Rep (14 Years)
22 Daniel Inouye (D-HI) Former Rep (4 Years)
23 Birch Bayh[4] (D-IN)
24 Gaylord Nelson[4] (D-WI) January 7, 1963
25 Harry F. Byrd, Jr. (I-VA) November 12, 1965
26 Ernest Hollings (D-SC) November 9, 1966
27 Charles H. Percy (R-IL) January 3, 1967 Illinois 4th Population (1960)
28 Howard Baker (R-TN) Tennessee 17th Population (1960)
29 Mark Hatfield (R-OR) January 10, 1967
30 Ted Stevens (R-AK) December 24, 1968
31 Thomas Eagleton (D-MO) December 28, 1968
32 Barry Goldwater (R-AZ) January 3, 1969 Previously a Senator
33 Richard Schweiker[4] (R-PA) Former Rep (8 years) - Pennsylvania 3rd Population (1960)
34 Charles Mathias (R-MD) Former Rep (8 years) - Maryland 21st Population (1960)
35 Bob Dole (R-KS) Former Rep (8 years) - Kansas 29th Population (1960)
36 Henry Bellmon[4] (R-OK) Former Governor
37 Alan Cranston (D-CA) California 2nd Population (1960)
38 Bob Packwood (R-OR) Oregon 32nd Population (1960)
39 Mike Gravel[4] (D-AK) Alaska 50th Population (1960)
40 Adlai Stevenson III[4] (D-IL) November 17, 1970
41 Bill Roth (R-DE) January 3, 1971
42 Lloyd Bentsen (D-TX) Former Rep (6 Years)
43 Lowell Weicker (R-CT) Former Rep (2 Years)
44 Lawton Chiles (D-FL)
45 Robert Stafford (R-VT) September 16, 1971
46 Sam Nunn (D-GA) November 8, 1972
47 Bennett Johnston Jr. (D-LA) November 14, 1972
48 James A. McClure (R-ID) January 3, 1973 Former Rep (4 Years)
49 Jesse Helms (R-NC) North Carolina 12th Population (1970)
50 Walter Huddleston (D-KY) Kentucky 23rd Population (1970)
51 Pete Domenici (R-NM) New Mexico 37th Population (1970)
52 Joe Biden (D-DE) Delaware 46th Population (1970)
53 Paul Laxalt (R-NV) December 18, 1974
54 Jake Garn (R-UT) December 21, 1974
55 John Glenn (D-OH) December 24, 1974
56 Wendell H. Ford (D-KY) December 28, 1974
57 Richard Stone[4] (D-FL) January 1, 1975
58 John Culver[4] (D-IA) January 3, 1975 Former Rep (10 years)
59 Dale Bumpers (D-AR) Former Governor
60 Robert Burren Morgan (D-NC) North Carolina 12th Population (1970)
61 Gary Hart (D-CO) Colorado 30th Population (1970)
62 Patrick Leahy (D-VT) Vermont 48th Population (1970)
63 John Durkin[4] (D-NH) September 18, 1975
64 John Danforth (R-MO) December 27, 1976
65 Edward Zorinsky (D-NE) December 28, 1976
66 Howard Metzenbaum (D-OH) December 29, 1976 Previously a Senator
67 John Chafee (R-RI)
68 Donald W. Riegle, Jr. (D-MI) December 30, 1976
69 Samuel Hayakawa (R-CA) January 2, 1977
70 Spark Matsunaga (D-HI) January 3, 1977 Former Rep (14 Years)
71 John Melcher (D-MT) Former Rep (7 years, 7 months)
72 H. John Heinz III (R-PA) Former Rep (6 Years)
73 Paul Sarbanes (D-MD) Former Rep (6 Years)
74 Pat Moynihan (D-NY) New York 2nd Population (1970)
75 Richard Lugar (R-IN) Indiana 11th Population (1970)
76 Jim Sasser (D-TN) Tennessee 17th Population (1970)
77 Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ) Arizona 33rd Population (1970)
78 Orrin Hatch (R-UT) Utah 36th Population (1970)
79 Harrison Schmitt (R-NM) New Mexico 37th Population (1970)
80 Malcolm Wallop (R-WY) Wyoming 29th Population (1970)
81 David Durenberger (R-MN) November 8, 1978 Minnesota 19th Population (1970)
82 Donald W. Stewart[4] (D-AL) Alabama 21st Population (1970)
83 Max Baucus (D-MT) December 15, 1978
84 Nancy Kassebaum Baker (R-KS) December 23, 1978
85 Thad Cochran (R-MS) December 27, 1978
86 Rudy Boschwitz (R-MN) December 30, 1978
87 Alan K. Simpson (R-WY) January 1, 1979
88 John Warner (R-VA) January 2, 1979
89 David Pryor (D-AR) January 3, 1979 Former Rep (6 years, 2 months)
90 William Cohen (R-ME) Former Rep (6 years)
91 Paul Tsongas (D-MA) Former Rep (4 years)
92 William L. Armstrong (R-CO) Former Rep (4 years) - Colorado 30th Population (1970)
93 Larry Pressler (R-SD) Former Rep (4 years) - South Dakota 44th Population (1970)
94 David L. Boren (D-OK) Former Governor - Oklahoma 27th Population (1970)
95 J. James Exon (D-NE) Former Governor - Nebraska 35th Population (1970)
96 Carl Levin (D-MI) Michigan 7th Population (1970)
97 Bill Bradley (D-NJ) New Jersey 8th Population (1970)
98 Howell Heflin (D-AL) Alabama 21st Population (1970)
99 Roger Jepsen (R-IA) Iowa 25th Population (1970)
100 Gordon J. Humphrey (R-NH) New Hampshire 41st Population (1970)
George J. Mitchell (D-ME) May 17, 1980
Warren Rudman (R-NH) December 31, 1980
Paula Hawkins (R-FL) January 1, 1981
Jeremiah Denton (R-AL) January 2, 1981

See also

Notes


-- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1961 U.S Census Report Contains 1960 Census results.
  3. ^ 1971 U.S Census Report Contains 1970 Census results.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Retired or defeated after 1980 Election
  5. ^ Senator Muskie stepped down on May 7, 1980 to become Secretary of State.

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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