World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of United States Senators in the 97th Congress by seniority

 

List of United States Senators in the 97th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of United States Senators by seniority during the 97th Congress, from January 3, 1981 to January 3, 1983.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1982 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

U.S. Senate Seniority List

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Name Seniority Date Other Factors
1 John C. Stennis (D-MS) November 17, 1947
2 Russell B. Long (D-LA) December 31, 1948
3 Henry M. Jackson (D-WA) January 3, 1953
4 Strom Thurmond (R-SC) November 7, 1956
5 William Proxmire (D-WI) August 28, 1957
6 Jennings Randolph (D-WV) November 5, 1958
7 Robert Byrd (D-WV) January 3, 1959 Former Rep (6 years)
8 Harrison A. Williams[3] (D-NJ) Former Rep (4 years)
9 Howard Cannon[4] (D-NV)
10 Quentin Northrup Burdick (D-ND) August 8, 1960
11 Claiborne Pell (D-RI) January 3, 1961
12 John Tower (R-TX) June 15, 1961
13 Ted Kennedy (D-MA) November 7, 1962
14 Daniel Inouye (D-HI) January 3, 1963
15 Harry F. Byrd, Jr.[4] (I-VA) November 12, 1965
16 Ernest Hollings (D-SC) November 9, 1966
17 Charles H. Percy (R-IL) January 3, 1967 Illinois 4th Population (1960)
18 Howard Baker (R-TN) Tennessee 17th Population (1960)
19 Mark Hatfield (R-OR) January 10, 1967
20 Ted Stevens (R-AK) December 24, 1968
21 Thomas Eagleton (D-MO) December 28, 1968
22 Barry Goldwater (R-AZ) January 3, 1969 Previously a Senator
23 Charles Mathias (R-MD) Former Rep (8 years) - Maryland 21st Population (1960)
24 Bob Dole (R-KS) Former Rep (8 years) - Kansas 29th Population (1960)
25 Alan Cranston (D-CA) California 2nd Population (1960)
26 Bob Packwood (R-OR) Oregon 32nd Population (1960)
27 Bill Roth (R-DE) January 1, 1971
28 Lloyd Bentsen (D-TX) January 3, 1971 Former Rep (6 Years)
29 Lowell Weicker (R-CT) Former Rep (2 Years)
30 Lawton Chiles (D-FL)
31 Robert Stafford (R-VT) September 16, 1971
32 Sam Nunn (D-GA) November 8, 1972
33 Bennett Johnston Jr. (D-LA) November 14, 1972
34 James A. McClure (R-ID) January 3, 1973 Former Rep (4 Years)
35 Jesse Helms (R-NC) North Carolina 12th Population (1970)
36 Walter Huddleston (D-KY) Kentucky 23rd Population (1970)
37 Pete Domenici (R-NM) New Mexico 37th Population (1970)
38 Joe Biden (D-DE) Delaware 46th Population (1970)
39 Paul Laxalt (R-NV) December 18, 1974
40 Jake Garn (R-UT) December 21, 1974
41 John Glenn (D-OH) December 24, 1974
42 Wendell H. Ford (D-KY) December 28, 1974
43 Dale Bumpers (D-AR) January 3, 1975 Former Governor
44 Gary Hart (D-CO) Colorado 30th Population (1970)
45 Patrick Leahy (D-VT) Vermont 48th Population (1970)
46 John Danforth (R-MO) December 27, 1976
47 Edward Zorinsky (D-NE) December 28, 1976
48 Howard Metzenbaum (D-OH) December 29, 1976 Previously a Senator
49 John Chafee (R-RI)
50 Donald W. Riegle, Jr. (D-MI) December 30, 1976
51 Samuel Hayakawa[4] (R-CA) January 2, 1977
52 Spark Matsunaga (D-HI) January 3, 1977 Former Rep (14 Years)
53 John Melcher (D-MT) Former Rep (7 years, 7 months)
54 H. John Heinz III (R-PA) Former Rep (6 Years)
55 Paul Sarbanes (D-MD) Former Rep (6 Years)
56 Pat Moynihan (D-NY) New York 2nd Population (1970)
57 Richard Lugar (R-IN) Indiana 11th Population (1970)
58 Jim Sasser (D-TN) Tennessee 17th Population (1970)
59 Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ) Arizona 22rd Population (1970)
60 Orrin Hatch (R-UT) Utah 36th Population (1970)
61 Harrison Schmitt[4] (R-NM) New Mexico 37th Population (1970)
62 Malcolm Wallop (R-WY) Wyoming 29th Population (1970)
63 David Durenberger (R-MN) November 8, 1978
64 Max Baucus (D-MT) December 15, 1978
65 Nancy Kassebaum Baker (R-KS) December 23, 1978
66 Thad Cochran (R-MS) December 27, 1978
67 Rudy Boschwitz (R-MN) December 30, 1978
68 Alan K. Simpson (R-WY) January 1, 1979
69 John Warner (R-VA) January 2, 1979
70 David Pryor (D-AR) January 3, 1979 Former Rep (6 years, 2 months)
71 William Cohen (R-ME) Former Rep (6 years)
72 Paul Tsongas (D-MA) Former Rep (4 years)
73 William L. Armstrong (R-CO) Former Rep (4 years) - Colorado 30th Population (1970)
74 Larry Pressler (R-SD) Former Rep (4 years) - South Dakota 44th Population (1970)
75 David L. Boren (D-OK) Former Governor - Oklahoma 27th Population (1970)
76 J. James Exon (D-NE) Former Governor - Nebraska 35th Population (1970)
77 Carl Levin (D-MI) Michigan 7th Population (1970)
78 Bill Bradley (D-NJ) New Jersey 8th Population (1970)
79 Howell Heflin (D-AL) Alabama 21st Population (1970)
80 Roger Jepsen (R-IA) Iowa 25th Population (1970)
81 Gordon J. Humphrey (R-NH) New Hampshire 41st Population (1970)
82 George J. Mitchell (D-ME) May 17, 1980
83 Warren Rudman (R-NH) December 31, 1980
84 Paula Hawkins (R-FL) January 1, 1981
85 Jeremiah Denton (R-AL) January 2, 1981
86 Mark Andrews (R-ND) January 3, 1981 Former Rep (16 years)
87 Steve Symms (R-ID) Former Rep (12 years)
88 James Abdnor (R-SD) Former Rep (8 years)
89 Chris Dodd (D-CT) Former Rep (6 years) - Connecticut 24th Population (1970)
90 Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Former Rep (6 years) - Iowa 25th Population (1970)
91 Dan Quayle (R-IN) Former Rep (4 Years) - Indiana 11th Population (1970)
92 Bob Kasten (R-WI) Former Rep (4 years) - Wisconsin 16th Population (1970)
93 Al D'Amato (R-NY) New York 2nd Population (1970)
94 Arlen Specter (R-PA) Pennsylvania 3rd Population (1970)
95 Alan J. Dixon (D-IL) Illinois 5th Population (1970)
96 John Porter East (R-NC) North Carolina 12th Population (1970)
97 Mack Mattingly (R-GA) Georgia 15th Population (1970)
98 Slade Gorton (R-WA) Washington 22nd Population (1970)
99 Don Nickles (R-OK) Oklahoma 27th Population (1970)
100 Frank Murkowski (R-AK) Alaska 50th Population (1970)
Nicholas F. Brady[4] (R-NJ) April 20, 1982
Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ) December 27, 1982

See also

Notes


-- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1971 U.S Census Report Contains 1970 Census results.
  3. ^ Senator Williams resigned on March 11, 1982.
  4. ^ a b c d e Retired or defeated after 1982 Election

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.