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List of United States Senators in the 98th Congress by seniority

 

List of United States Senators in the 98th Congress by seniority

This is a classification of United States Senators by seniority during the 98th Congress, from January 3, 1983 to January 3, 1985.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3][4]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1984 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

U.S. Senate Seniority List

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Name Seniority Date Other Factors
1 John C. Stennis (D-MS) November 17, 1947
2 Russell B. Long (D-LA) December 31, 1948
3 Henry M. Jackson[5] (D-WA) January 3, 1953
4 Strom Thurmond (R-SC) November 7, 1956
5 William Proxmire (D-WI) August 28, 1957
6 Jennings Randolph (D-WV) November 5, 1958
7 Robert Byrd (D-WV) January 3, 1959
8 Quentin Northrup Burdick (D-ND) August 8, 1960
9 Claiborne Pell (D-RI) January 3, 1961
10 John Tower[6] (R-TX) June 15, 1961
11 Ted Kennedy (D-MA) November 7, 1962
12 Daniel Inouye (D-HI) January 3, 1963
13 Ernest Hollings (D-SC) November 9, 1966
14 Charles H. Percy[6] (R-IL) January 3, 1967 Illinois 4th Population (1960)
15 Howard Baker[6] (R-TN) Tennessee 17th Population (1960)
16 Mark Hatfield (R-OR) January 10, 1967
17 Ted Stevens (R-AK) December 24, 1968
18 Thomas Eagleton (D-MO) December 28, 1968
19 Barry Goldwater (R-AZ) January 3, 1969 Previously a Senator
20 Charles Mathias (R-MD) Former Rep (8 years) - Maryland 21st Population (1960)
21 Bob Dole (R-KS) Former Rep (8 years) - Kansas 29th Population (1960)
22 Alan Cranston (D-CA) California 2nd Population (1960)
23 Bob Packwood (R-OR) Oregon 32nd Population (1960)
24 Bill Roth (R-DE) January 1, 1971
25 Lloyd Bentsen (D-TX) January 3, 1971 Former Rep (6 Years)
26 Lowell Weicker (R-CT) Former Rep (2 Years)
27 Lawton Chiles (D-FL)
28 Robert Stafford (R-VT) September 16, 1971
29 Sam Nunn (D-GA) November 8, 1972
30 Bennett Johnston Jr. (D-LA) November 14, 1972
31 James A. McClure (R-ID) January 3, 1973 Former Rep (4 Years)
32 Jesse Helms (R-NC) North Carolina 12th Population (1970)
33 Walter Huddleston[6] (D-KY) Kentucky 23rd Population (1970)
34 Pete Domenici (R-NM) New Mexico 37th Population (1970)
35 Joe Biden (D-DE) Delaware 46th Population (1970)
36 Paul Laxalt (R-NV) December 18, 1974
37 Jake Garn (R-UT) December 21, 1974
38 John Glenn (D-OH) December 24, 1974
39 Wendell H. Ford (D-KY) December 28, 1974
40 Dale Bumpers (D-AR) January 3, 1975 Former Governor
41 Gary Hart (D-CO) Colorado 30th Population (1970)
42 Patrick Leahy (D-VT) Vermont 48th Population (1970)
43 John Danforth (R-MO) December 27, 1976
44 Edward Zorinsky (D-NE) December 28, 1976
45 Howard Metzenbaum (D-OH) December 29, 1976 Previously a Senator
46 John Chafee (R-RI)
47 Donald W. Riegle, Jr. (D-MI) December 30, 1976
48 Spark Matsunaga (D-HI) January 3, 1977 Former Rep (14 Years)
49 John Melcher (D-MT) Former Rep (7 years, 7 months)
50 H. John Heinz III (R-PA) Former Rep (6 Years)
51 Paul Sarbanes (D-MD) Former Rep (6 Years)
52 Pat Moynihan (D-NY) New York 2nd Population (1970)
53 Richard Lugar (R-IN) Indiana 11th Population (1970)
54 Jim Sasser (D-TN) Tennessee 17th Population (1970)
55 Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ) Arizona 22nd Population (1970)
56 Orrin Hatch (R-UT) Utah 36th Population (1970)
57 Malcolm Wallop (R-WY) Wyoming 49th Population (1970)
58 David Durenberger (R-MN) November 8, 1978
59 Max Baucus (D-MT) December 15, 1978
60 Nancy Kassebaum Baker (R-KS) December 23, 1978
61 Thad Cochran (R-MS) December 27, 1978
62 Rudy Boschwitz (R-MN) December 30, 1978
63 Alan K. Simpson (R-WY) January 1, 1979
64 John Warner (R-VA) January 2, 1979
65 David Pryor (D-AR) January 3, 1979 Former Rep (6 years, 2 months)
66 William Cohen (R-ME) Former Rep (6 years)
67 Paul Tsongas[6] (D-MA) Former Rep (4 years)
68 William L. Armstrong (R-CO) Former Rep (4 years) - Colorado 30th Population (1970)
69 Larry Pressler (R-SD) Former Rep (4 years) - South Dakota 44th Population (1970)
70 David L. Boren (D-OK) Former Governor - Oklahoma 27th Population (1970)
71 J. James Exon (D-NE) Former Governor - Nebraska 35th Population (1970)
72 Carl Levin (D-MI) Michigan 7th Population (1970)
73 Bill Bradley (D-NJ) New Jersey 8th Population (1970)
74 Howell Heflin (D-AL) Alabama 21st Population (1970)
75 Roger Jepsen[6] (R-IA) Iowa 25th Population (1970)
76 Gordon J. Humphrey (R-NH) New Hampshire 41st Population (1970)
77 George J. Mitchell (D-ME) May 17, 1980
78 Warren Rudman (R-NH) December 31, 1980
79 Paula Hawkins (R-FL) January 1, 1981
80 Jeremiah Denton (R-AL) January 2, 1981
81 Mark Andrews (R-ND) January 3, 1981 Former Rep (16 years)
82 Steve Symms (R-ID) Former Rep (12 years)
83 James Abdnor (R-SD) Former Rep (8 years)
84 Chris Dodd (D-CT) Former Rep (6 years) - Connecticut 24th Population (1970)
85 Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Former Rep (6 years) - Iowa 25th Population (1970)
86 Dan Quayle (R-IN) Former Rep (4 Years) - Indiana 11th Population (1970)
87 Bob Kasten (R-WI) Former Rep (4 years) - Wisconsin 16th Population (1970)
88 Al D'Amato (R-NY) New York 2nd Population (1970)
89 Arlen Specter (R-PA) Pennsylvania 3rd Population (1970)
90 Alan J. Dixon (D-IL) Illinois 5th Population (1970)
91 John Porter East (R-NC) North Carolina 12th Population (1970)
92 Mack Mattingly (R-GA) Georgia 15th Population (1970)
93 Slade Gorton (R-WA) Washington 22nd Population (1970)
94 Don Nickles (R-OK) Oklahoma 27th Population (1970)
95 Frank Murkowski (R-AK) Alaska 50th Population (1981)
96 Frank Lautenberg[7] (D-NJ) December 27, 1982
97 Paul S. Trible, Jr. (R-VA) January 3, 1983 Former Rep (4 Years)
98 Pete Wilson (R-CA) California 1st Population (1980)
99 Jeff Bingaman (D-NM) New Mexico 37th Population (1980)
100 Chic Hecht (R-NV) Nevada 43rd Population (1980)
Daniel J. Evans (R-WA) September 12, 1983

See also

Notes


-- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1961 U.S Census Report Contains 1960 Census results.
  3. ^ 1971 U.S Census Report Contains 1970 Census results.
  4. ^ 1981 U.S Census Report Contains 1980 Census results.
  5. ^ Senator Jackson died on September 1, 1983.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Retired or defeated after 1984 Election
  7. ^ Senator Lautenberg left the Senate but returned in 2003, he cannot regain his previous seniority according to Senate Rules.

External links

  • Senate Seniority List
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