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List of World Heritage Sites in Portugal

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Title: List of World Heritage Sites in Portugal  
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List of World Heritage Sites in Portugal

The UNESCO World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Portugal adopted the convention on 30 September 1980, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list.[2]

Sites in Portugal were first inscribed on the list at the 7th Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Florence, Italy, in 1983. Four sites were added: the "Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroísmo in the Azores", the "Monastery of Batalha", the "Convent of Christ in Tomar", and the joint inscription of the "Monastery of the Hieronymites and the Tower of Belém in Lisbon".[3] As of 2013, Portugal has 15 sites inscribed on the list, 14 of which are cultural and one is natural, according to the selection criteria. Three sites are located in the Azores and Madeira archipelagos, while one is shared with Spain.[2] The most recent inscription is the University of Coimbra – Alta and Sofia site in Coimbra, during the 37th Session in Phnom Penh.[4]

List of sites

  • Name: as listed by the World Heritage Committee
  • Location: city or province of site
  • Period: time period of significance, typically of construction
  • UNESCO data: site's reference number; year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List; criteria the site was listed under (the column sorts by inscription year);[nb 1] site (plus buffer zone) areas (in ha)
  • Description: brief description of the site (from UNESCO)

Inscribed sites

Name Image Location Period UNESCO data Description Ref
Alto Douro Wine Region A river with terraced vineyards Douro Region
N/A 1046; 2001; iii, iv, v; 24,600 ha (225,400 ha) [5]
Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores Coastal town with white houses and churches with red roofs Terceira Island, Azores
15th century 206; 1983; iv, vi [6]
Convent of Christ in Tomar Christian religious building with a bell Tomar
12th to 15th centuries 265; 1983; i, vi [7]
Cultural Landscape of Sintra Buildings with red roofs on a hillside Sintra
19th century 723; 1995; ii, iv, v; 946 ha (3,641 ha) [8]
Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Ramparts of Elvas Elvas
17th to 19th centuries 1367; 2012; iv; 179 ha (608 ha) [9]
Historic Centre of Évora Ruins of a classical columned temple Évora
1st to 18th centuries 361; 1986; ii, iv [10]
Historic Centre of Guimarães A square palace complex with white walls and many chimneys Guimarães, Minho Province
12th to 19th centuries 1031; 2001; ii, iii, iv; 16 ha (45 ha) [11]
Historic Centre of Oporto Metal bridge across a river and city centre built on a hillside Porto
8th to 19th centuries 755; 1996; iv [12]
Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Vineyards with low walls built of boulders and the sea in the distance Pico Island, Azores
15th century 1117; 2004; iii, v; 190 ha (2,445 ha) [13]
Laurisilva of Madeira A foggy picture of the top of a very dense forest Madeira
N/A 934; 1999; ix, x; 15,000 ha [14]
Monastery of Alcobaça Church facade integrated into a complex of white buildings with red roofs Alcobaça
12th to 18th centuries 505; 1989; i, iv [15]
Monastery of Batalha Gothic church Batalha
14th century 264; 1983; i, ii; 0.98 ha (86 ha) [16]
Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon
White tower near the sea
Lisbon
16th to 17th centuries 263; 1983, 2008 (extended);[nb 2] iii, iv; 2.66 ha (103 ha) [17]
Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde Rock carvings of animals including a horse Douro Region (shared with Spain)
Paleolithic 866; 1998, 2010 (extended);[nb 3] i, iii [18]
University of Coimbra – Alta and Sofia Coimbra
12th to 20th centuries 1387; 2013; ii, iii, iv, vi; 36 ha (82 ha) [19]

Tentative list

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[20] As of 2013, Portugal recorded 11 sites on its tentative list.[2]

Name Image Location Period UNESCO data Description Ref
Historic Centre of Santarém Santarém
N/A 562; 1996; mixed [21]
Algar do Carvão Terceira Island, Azores
N/A 565; 1996; natural [22]
Furna do Enxofre Graciosa Island, Azores N/A 566; 1996; natural [23]
Town of Marvão and the craggy mountain on which it is located Marvão
N/A 1428; 2000; (iv), (v) [24]
Ilhas Selvagens (Selvagens Islands) Funchal, Madeira
N/A 1742; 2002; (x) [25]
The Southwest Coast Alentejo and Algarve
N/A 1979; 2004; (viii), (ix), (x) [26]
Pombaline Baixa or Downtown of Lisbon Lisbon
18th century 1980; 2004; (i), (ii), (iv), (v), (vi) [27]
Mafra Palace, Convent and Royal Hunting Park Mafra
18th century 1981; 2004; (i), (ii), (iv) [28]
Forest Park of the Discalced Carmelites, Buçaco Buçaco
17th century 1984; 2004; mixed [29]
Arrábida Setúbal District
Paleolithic 1985; 2004; (vii), (viii), (ix), (x) [30]
Icnitos de Dinossáurios Ourém and Sesimbra Upper and Middle Jurassic 5255; 2008; (vii), (viii) [31]

Location

Notes and references

Notes
  1. ^ Criteria i–vi are cultural and criteria vii–x are natural
  2. ^ Extension of the buffer zone of the Tower of Belém in 2008.
  3. ^ In 2010, it was extended to include 645 engravings in the archaeological zone of Siega Verde in Spain.
  4. ^ Group of islets located halfway between Madeira and Canary Islands.
  5. ^ Comprises the coastline stretching from São Torpes, in Alentejo, to Burgau, in the Algarve.
References
  1. ^ "The World Heritage Convention".  
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Portugal – Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List".  
  3. ^ "Report of the rapporteur" (PDF).  
  4. ^ "Qatar and Fiji get their first World Heritage sites as World Heritage Committee makes six additions to UNESCO List".  
  5. ^ "Alto Douro Wine Region".  
  6. ^ "Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores".  
  7. ^ "Convent of Christ in Tomar".  
  8. ^ "Cultural Landscape of Sintra".  
  9. ^ "Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications".  
  10. ^ "Historic Centre of Évora".  
  11. ^ "Historic Centre of Guimarães".  
  12. ^ "Historic Centre of Oporto".  
  13. ^ "Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture".  
  14. ^ "Laurisilva of Madeira".  
  15. ^ "Monastery of Alcobaça".  
  16. ^ "Monastery of Batalha".  
  17. ^ "Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon".  
  18. ^ "Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde".  
  19. ^ "University of Coimbra – Alta and Sofia".  
  20. ^ "Tentative Lists".  
  21. ^ "Historic Centre of Santarém".  
  22. ^ "Algar do Carvão".  
  23. ^ "Furna do Enxofre".  
  24. ^ "Town of Marvão and the craggy mountain on which it is located".  
  25. ^ "Ilhas Selvagens (Selvagens Islands)".  
  26. ^ "The Southwest Coast".  
  27. ^ "Pombaline Baixa or Downtown of Lisbon".  
  28. ^ "Mafra Palace, Convent and Royal Hunting Park".  
  29. ^ "Forest Park of the Discalced Carmelites, Buçaco".  
  30. ^ "Arrábida".  
  31. ^ "Icnitos de Dinossáurios".  

External links

  • Comissão Nacional da UNESCO - Portugal (Portuguese)
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