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List of World Heritage Sites in Southern Asia

 

List of World Heritage Sites in Southern Asia

The World Heritage Sites in six countries (also called "state parties") of Southern Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. Bhutan, which is also located within the region, does not have any World Heritage Sites.[1][2]

In this region, India is home to the most inscribed sites with 32 sites.[3] Nepal has 10 sites or 4 including 7 sites as a kathmandu valley.The first sites from the region were the Sagarmatha National Park and Kathmandu Valley, both in Nepal.[4] Each year, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee may inscribe new sites on the list, or delist sites that that no longer meet the criteria. Selection is based on ten criteria: six for cultural heritage (i–vi) and four for natural heritage (vii–x).[5] Some sites, designated "mixed sites," represent both cultural and natural heritage. In Southern Asia, there are 41 cultural, 10 natural, and no mixed sites.[3]

The World Heritage Committee may also specify that a site is endangered, citing "conditions which threaten the very characteristics for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage List." Three sites in this region are currently listed as endangered, one site (Kathmandu Valley) has been listed previously and possible danger listing has been considered by UNESCO in a number of other cases.[6]

Contents

  • Legend 1
  • Inscribed sites 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5

Legend

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the Site, Area, and Year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[3]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[5]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

Inscribed sites

  † In danger
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Agra Fort
Decorated gate to a fortress of red stone.
Agra, Uttar Pradesh,  India
Cultural:
(iii)
1983 [7]
Ajanta Caves A line of caves, some with columns on the outside, along a rock face. Aurangabad District, Maharashtra,  India
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (vi)
1983 [8]
Ancient City of Polonnaruwa Upper part of a reclining Buddha. Polonnaruwa District, North Central Province,  Sri Lanka
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (vi)
1982 [9]
Ancient City of Sigiriya Foundations of buildings and in the distance a large rock several hundred metres high. Matale District, Central Province,  Sri Lanka
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
1982 [10]
Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro Archaeological site of white brick walls on a small hill. There is a circular structure at the top of the hill. Sindh,  Pakistan
Cultural:
(ii), (iii)
7002240000000000000240 (590) 1980 [11]
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi A heavily decorated gate in front of a stupa. Raisen District, Madhya Pradesh,  India
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
1989 [12]
Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol Remains of the ancient wall. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,  Pakistan
Cultural:
(iv)
1980 [13]
Central Highlands of Sri Lanka Forested mountains, a settlement, a lake and a characteristic peak in the distance.  Sri Lanka
Natural:
(ix), (x)
700456844000000000056,844 (140,460); buffer zone 72,645 (179,510) 2010 [14]
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park Pavagadh Hill Panchmahal district, Gujarat,  India
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), (v), (vi)
70031329000000000001,329 (3,280); buffer zone 2,912 (7,200) 2004 [15]
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) Large building of reddish stone with columns, cupolas and turrets. The main cupola is topped by a human sculpture. Mumbai, Maharashtra,  India
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
70002850000000000002.85 (7.0) 2004 [16]
Chitwan National Park A lake with tree trunks in the water. Chitwan District, Narayani Zone,    Nepal
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
700493200000000000093,200 (230,000) 1984 [17]
Churches and Convents of Goa
A stone church.
Goa,  India
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
1986 [18]
Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley
A large niche in a rock with the outline of a human figure.
Bamyan,  Afghanistan
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
7002159000000000000159 (390) 2003 The site has been listed as endangered since its inscription due to fragile conservation state following abandonment, military action and dynamite explosions; causing dangers such as risk of collapse of Buddha niches, further deterioration of cave murals, looting and illicit excavations. [19]
[20]
Elephanta Caves
Sculpture of a three-headed figure.
Elephanta Island, Kolaba district, Maharashtra,  India
Cultural:
(i), (iii)
1987 [21]
Ellora Caves Heavily decorated religious structure cut from dark rock. Verul, Aurangabad District, Maharashtra,  India
Cultural:
(i), (iii), (vi)
1983 [22]
Fatehpur Sikri Square building of red stone with two floors crowned by small turrets at each corner. Agra district, Uttar Pradesh,  India
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
1986 [23]
Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore Entrance gate to a fort flanked by two large towers. Punjab,  Pakistan
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii)
1981 The site has been listed as endangered since 2000 because of the destruction of historic water tanks in 1999 to widen a road and deteriorating perimeter walls of the Garden, listed on request of the Pakistan government [24]
[25]
Golden Temple of Dambulla Stupa and statues of bodhisattvas inside a cave. Matale District, Central Province,  Sri Lanka
Cultural:
(i), (vi)
1991 [26]
Great Living Chola Temples
A sculpture of a human shaped figure in a niche.
 India
Cultural:
(ii), (iii)
700122000000000000022 (54); buffer zone 17 (42) 1987[nb 1] [27]
Group of Monuments at Hampi
Ruins of a large decorated building.
Bellary district, Karnataka,  India
Cultural:
(i), (iii), (iv)
1986 [28]
Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
Ruins of a sandstone building with columns.
Chingleput district, Tamil Nadu,  India
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (vi)
1984 [29]
Group of Monuments at Pattadakal Stone structure decorated with columns, reliefs and sculptures and a high roof about the central part. Badami, Bijapur district, Karnataka,  India
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
70005559999999999995.56 (13.7); buffer zone 113 (280) 1987 [30]
Hill Forts of Rajasthan India, Rajasthan,  India
Cultural:
(ii), (iii)
2013 [31]
Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta Ruins of an octagonal building crowned by a cupola. Sindh,  Pakistan
Cultural:
(iii)
1981 [32]
Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat
Building of red bricks with a roof consisting of many white domes. There are small round towers on the corners of the building each crowned by a white cupola.
Bagerhat District, Khulna Division,  Bangladesh
Cultural:
(iv)
1985 [33]
Humayun's Tomb, Delhi Red and white stone building topped by a large white cupola and many small turrets. Delhi,  India
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1993 [34]
Kathmandu Valley Streetscene with various characteristically shaped temple buildings. Kathmandu Valley,    Nepal
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), (vi)
7002167000000000000167 (410); buffer zone 70 (170) 1979[nb 2] The site has been listed as endangered 2003–2007 due to the partial or substantial loss of the traditional elements of six out of seven monument zones and resulting general loss of authenticity and integrity of the whole property. [35]
Kaziranga National Park Grassland with a rhinoceros. Assam,  India
Natural:
(ix), (x)
700442996000000000042,996 (106,250) 1985 [36]
Keoladeo National Park Grassland under water with deer and a flying heron. Rajasthan,  India
Natural:
(x)
70032873000000000002,873 (7,100) 1985 [37]
Khajuraho Group of Monuments
Very tall stone structure decorated all over with sculptures.
Madhya Pradesh,  India
Cultural:
(i), (iii)
1986 [38]
Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha A large tree next to a water filled pool. Rupandehi District, Lumbini Zone,    Nepal
Cultural:
(iii), (vi)
70001950000000000001.95 (4.8); buffer zone 23 (57) 1997 [39]
Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya
Very tall steep pyramid shaped stone building with reliefs all over the surfaces.
Bihar,  India
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
70004860000000000004.86 (12.0) 2002 [40]
Manas National Park
Suspension bridge across a river in a forested mountain landscape.
Assam,  India
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
700439100000000000039,100 (97,000) 1985 [41]
Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam A tall minaret in a river valley. At the top of the nearby mountains there are other, smaller structures. Ghōr,  Afghanistan
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
700170000000000000070 (170) 2002 The site has been listed as endangered since its inscription due to lack of legal protection, lack of protection measure or management plan and the generally poor condition of the site. [42]
[43]
Mountain Railways of India
A small steam locomotive with three blue carriages.
 India
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
700189000000000000089 (220); buffer zone 645 (1,590) 1999[nb 3] [44]
[45]
[46]
Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks
Mountain valley full of pink flowers.
Uttarakhand,  India
Natural:
(vii), (x)
700471783000000000071,783 (177,380); buffer zone 514,286 (1,270,830) 1988[nb 4] [47]
Old Town of Galle and its Fortifications A white church and white lighthouse near the sea. Galle, Southern Province,  Sri Lanka
Cultural:
(iv)
1988 [48]
Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi
Red and white building with a white dome and a tall tower or minaret with varying cross sections depending on height.
Delhi,  India
Cultural:
(iv)
1993 [49]
Red Fort Complex Gate in a red wall crowned by various small cupolas and turrets. Delhi,  India
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (vi)
700198000000000000098 (240); buffer zone 100 (250) 2007 [50]
Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka Red rock paintings of humans and humans on horses. Madhya Pradesh,  India
Cultural:
(iii), (v)
70031893000000000001,893 (4,680); buffer zone 10,280 (25,400) 2003 [51]
Rohtas Fort Ruins of the gate to a fortress. Jhelum, Punjab,  Pakistan
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1997 [52]
Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur
Ruins of a structure of red stone now resembling a small hill or mound.
Naogaon District, Rajshahi Division,  Bangladesh
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (vi)
1985 [53]
Sacred City of Anuradhapura A large white stupa with an orange border near the bottom. Anuradhapura District, North Central Province,  Sri Lanka
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (vi)
1982 [54]
Sacred City of Kandy Administrative or religious building. Central Province,  Sri Lanka
Cultural:
(iv), (vi)
1988 [55]
Sagarmatha National Park A village in a large mountain valley. In the distance very high snow-covered mountains are visible. Solukhumbu District, Sagarmatha Zone,    Nepal
Natural:
(vii)
7005124400000000000124,400 (307,000) 1979 [56]
Sinharaja Forest Reserve Forested hilly landscape. Sabaragamuwa and Southern Province,  Sri Lanka
Natural:
(ix), (x)
70038864000000000008,864 (21,900) 1988 [57]
Sundarbans National Park Mangroves on a riverbank. West Bengal,  India
Natural:
(ix), (x)
7005133010000000000133,010 (328,700) 1987 [58]
Sun Temple, Konârak Decorated wheel in stone relief. Puri district, Orissa,  India
Cultural:
(i), (iii), (vi)
700111000000000000011 (27) 1984 [59]
Taj Mahal A white building with a big and several smaller cupolas framed by four white minarets at each corner. Agra, Uttar Pradesh,  India
Cultural:
(i)
1983 [60]
Taxila Ruins of stone buildings. Punjab,  Pakistan
Cultural:
(iii), (vi)
1980 [61]
The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur A number of stone structures resembling giant sundials and other measurement instruments. Jaipur, Rajasthan,  India
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
70001870000000000001.87 (4.6); buffer zone 15 (37) 2010 [62]
The Sundarbans
Boat on a river in a densely forested plain.
Khulna Division,  Bangladesh
Natural:
(ix), (x)
7005139500000000000139,500 (345,000) 1997 [63]
Western Ghats
Western Ghats at Matheran.
 India Natural:
(ix), (x)
700716000000000000016,000,000 (40,000,000) 2012 [64]
Rani ki vav
Rani-ki-vav (the Queen's Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat.
Patan, Gujarat,  India Cultural:
(i)(iv)
4.68 ha 2014 [65]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Extended in 2004 to include the Brihadisvara Temple Complex in Gangaikondacholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple Complex in Darasuram and name change from Brihadisvara Temple, Thanjavur to the present name.
  2. ^ Minor modification of boundaries in 2006.
  3. ^ Extended in 2005 to include the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and in 2008 to include the Kalka–Shimla Railway. Name change in 2005 from Darjeeling Himalayan Railway to the present name.
  4. ^ Extended in 2005???

References

General
  • "World Heritage Committee: Twenty-fourth session" (PDF).  
  • "World Heritage Committee: Twenty-seventh session" (PDF).  
Notes
  1. ^ "Number of World Heritage Properties by region".  
  2. ^ "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". Geographical region and composition of each region.  
  3. ^ a b c "World Heritage List".  
  4. ^ "Number of World Heritage properties inscribed each Year".  
  5. ^ a b "The Criteria for Selection".  
  6. ^ "World Heritage in Danger".  
  7. ^ "Agra Fort".  
  8. ^ "Ajanta Caves".  
  9. ^ "Ancient City of Polonnaruwa".  
  10. ^ "Ancient City of Sigiriya".  
  11. ^ "Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro".  
  12. ^ "Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi".  
  13. ^ "Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol".  
  14. ^ "Central Highlands of Sri Lanka".  
  15. ^ "Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park".  
  16. ^ "Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)".  
  17. ^ "Chitwan National Park".  
  18. ^ "Churches and Convents of Goa".  
  19. ^ "Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley".  
  20. ^ 27th session 2003, pp. 122–123
  21. ^ "Elephanta Caves".  
  22. ^ "Ellora Caves".  
  23. ^ "Fatehpur Sikri".  
  24. ^ "Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore".  
  25. ^ 24th session 2000, p. 26
  26. ^ "Golden Temple of Dambulla".  
  27. ^ "Great Living Chola Temples".  
  28. ^ "Group of Monuments at Hampi".  
  29. ^ "Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram".  
  30. ^ "Group of Monuments at Pattadakal".  
  31. ^ "Hill Forts of Rajasthan".  
  32. ^ "Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta".  
  33. ^ "Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat".  
  34. ^ "Humayun's Tomb, Delhi".  
  35. ^ "Kathmandu Valley".  
  36. ^ "Kaziranga National Park".  
  37. ^ "Keoladeo National Park".  
  38. ^ "Khajuraho Group of Monuments".  
  39. ^ "Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha".  
  40. ^ "Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya".  
  41. ^ "Manas National Park".  
  42. ^ "Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam".  
  43. ^ "World Heritage Committee: Twenty-sixth session" (PDF).  
  44. ^ "Mountain Railways of India".  
  45. ^ "Decision - 29COM 8B.31 - Extension of Properties Inscribed on World Heritage List (Mountain Railways of India)".  
  46. ^ "Decision - 32COM 8B.28 - Examination of nomination of natural, mixed and cultural proprerties to the World Heritage List - Kalka Shimla Railway, Extension of Mountain Railways of India (INDIA)".  
  47. ^ "Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks".  
  48. ^ "Old Town of Galle and its Fortifications".  
  49. ^ "Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi".  
  50. ^ "Red Fort Complex".  
  51. ^ "Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka".  
  52. ^ "Rohtas Fort".  
  53. ^ "Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur".  
  54. ^ "Sacred City of Anuradhapura".  
  55. ^ "Sacred City of Kandy".  
  56. ^ "Sagarmatha National Park".  
  57. ^ "Sinharaja Forest Reserve".  
  58. ^ "Sundarbans National Park".  
  59. ^ "Sun Temple, Konârak".  
  60. ^ "Taj Mahal".  
  61. ^ "Taxila".  
  62. ^ "The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur".  
  63. ^ "The Sundarbans".  
  64. ^ "Western Ghats". Retrieved 3 July 2012. 
  65. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/922
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