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Montgomery County, Illinois

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Montgomery County, Illinois

Montgomery County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for Richard Montgomery
Seat Hillsboro
Largest city Litchfield
Area
 • Total 710 sq mi (1,839 km2)
 • Land 704 sq mi (1,823 km2)
 • Water 6.0 sq mi (16 km2), 0.8%
Population
 • (2010) 30,104
 • Density 43/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional district 13th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .com.montgomerycowww

Montgomery County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 30,104.[1] Its county seat is Hillsboro.[2][3]

History

Montgomery County was formed in 1821 out of Bond and Madison counties. It was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Canada.[4] Perrin's 1882 History of Montgomery County relates that the County was named in honor of Gen. Montgomery, but goes on to say that "others are dubious as to whence it received its name."

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 710 square miles (1,800 km2), of which 704 square miles (1,820 km2) is land and 6.0 square miles (16 km2) (0.8%) is water.[5]

Climate and weather

Hillsboro, Illinois
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.2
 
37
21
 
 
2
 
44
26
 
 
3.6
 
56
35
 
 
4.2
 
68
45
 
 
4.3
 
78
55
 
 
4.1
 
87
64
 
 
3.5
 
91
68
 
 
3.5
 
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66
 
 
3.2
 
82
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2.9
 
71
47
 
 
3.8
 
55
37
 
 
3
 
42
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Hillsboro have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 91 °F (33 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 114 °F (46 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.00 inches (51 mm) in February to 4.31 inches (109 mm) in May.[6]

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Major highways

Airports

Litchfield Municipal Airport is located in Montgomery County, two nautical miles (3.7 km) southwest of the central business district of Litchfield, Illinois.

Demographics

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 30,652 people, 11,507 households, and 7,928 families residing in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 12,525 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.88% White, 3.73% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.7% were of German, 19.3% American, 12.6% English and 9.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 11,507 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.10% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 106.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,123, and the median income for a family was $39,923. Males had a median income of $30,657 versus $20,563 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,272. About 10.60% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Notable natives

  • Otto Funk (1868–1934) Violinist who achieved fame (and a Guinness Book of Records entry) by walking from New York to San Francisco in the depression-era, "playing the fiddle every step of the way." When he died in 1934 at the age of 65, he was accorded the biggest funeral in the history of Montgomery County.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Hillsboro Illinois". City of Hillsboro. Retrieved 15 February 2012. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Allan H. Keith, Historical Stories: About Greenville and Bond County, IL. Consulted on August 15, 2007.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Hillsboro, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  

References

  • History of Montgomery County, Illinois, Perrin, 1882

External links

  • Historical Society of Montgomery County Illinois

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