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North Carolina's 11th congressional district

 

North Carolina's 11th congressional district

North Carolina's 11th congressional district
North Carolina's 11th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
North Carolina's 11th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Mark Meadows (RCashiers)
Distribution 43.86% urban, 56.14% rural
Population (2000) 619,178
Median income $34,720
Ethnicity 91.2% White, 4.6% Black, 0.5% Asian, 2.6% Hispanic, 1.6% Native American, 0.1% other
Cook PVI R+12[1]

North Carolina's 11th congressional district encompasses most of Western North Carolina. Starting in the 113th Congress, it is represented by Mark Meadows, a Republican. He replaced Democrat Heath Shuler, who retired in 2013. Shuler defeated 8-term Republican representative Charles H. Taylor in the 2006 midterm elections.

The 11th District was traditionally one of the most competitive congressional districts in North Carolina. This was largely because of the district's volatile politics. It was historically anchored by heavily Democratic Asheville. However, many of the city's suburbs are among the most conservative areas of North Carolina. The rest of the district was split between Democratic-leaning counties in the south and Republican-leaning counties in the north. Consequently, congressional races in this district have historically been very close and hard-fought.

However, in 2011 the district was re-drawn so that most of Asheville is now in the 10th district. It was replaced with some heavily Republican territory in the Foothills that had previously been in the 10th, making the 11th one of the most Republican districts in the South on paper. Shuler announced in February 2012 announced he would not seek a fourth term.[2] In the 2012 election, the seat was won by Mark Meadows, a Republican.[3]


List of representatives

Name Party Tenure Notes
District created March 4, 1803
James Holland Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1811
Redistricted from the 1st district
Israel Pickens Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
Redistricted to the 12th district
Peter Forney Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Daniel M. Forney Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
1818
Resigned
William Davidson Federalist December 2, 1818 –
March 3, 1821
Henry W. Connor Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Jackson D-R March 4, 1823 –
March 4, 1825
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 4, 1837
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 4, 1841
Greene W. Caldwell Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
District inactive March 3, 1843
District re-established March 4, 1933
Zebulon Weaver Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1943
Redistricted from the 10th district,
Redistricted to the 12th district
Alfred L. Bulwinkle Democratic January 3, 1943 –
August 31, 1950
Redistricted from the 10th district
Died
Vacant August 31, 1950 –
November 7, 1950
Woodrow W. Jones Democratic November 7, 1950 –
January 3, 1957
Basil Whitener Democratic January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to the 10th district
Roy A. Taylor Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1977
Redistricted from the 12th district
V. Lamar Gudger Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1981
Bill Hendon Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
Defeated
James M. Clarke Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
Defeated
Bill Hendon Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1987
Defeated
James M. Clarke Democratic January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1991
Defeated
Charles H. Taylor Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 2007
Defeated
Heath Shuler Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2013
Retired
Mark Meadows Republican January 3, 2013 –
Present
Elected in 2012

References

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  2. ^ http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/politics/2012/02/shuler-announces-he-wont-seek-4th-term/
  3. ^ http://www.nationaljournal.com/congress-legacy/north-carolina-11th-house-district-20121101
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

External links

  • Heath Shuler's House of Representatives website
  • Political Graveyard List of Representatives (source for table)

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