World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ohel Shlomo

Article Id: WHEBN0041652451
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ohel Shlomo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Zikhron Yosef, Ramat Sharett, Givat Beit HaKerem, Kiryat Menachem, Neve Granot
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ohel Shlomo

Partial view of Ohel Shlomo, with former courtyard in foreground.

Ohel Shlomo (Hebrew: אהל שלמה‎, lit. "Tent of Solomon") is a historical courtyard neighborhood in western Jerusalem. It is one of a series of courtyard neighborhoods built along Jaffa Road in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, together with Sha'arei Yerushalayim and Batei Saidoff.[1] Today it is considered part of the Mekor Baruch neighborhood.


The neighborhood is bordered by Jaffa Road to the south, HaTurim Street to the west, Alfandari Street to the north, and Navon Street to the east.


Ohel Shlomo was named for Shlomo Mizrahi, a Kurdish Jewish merchant who was the business partner of neighborhood founder Yitzchak Lipkin[2] and who purchased the land for the development.[3] Mizrahi’s son, Rahamim, was Lipkin's contractor.[4]


Ohel Shlomo was established by Yitzchak Lipkin (1834-1927), a Russian Jewish immigrant to Palestine and businessman. Lipkin opposed the halukka system of welfare handouts, encouraging Jerusalem residents to support themselves by their own labor. To that end, he provided the financing for two neighborhoods in close proximity to each other along the northern side of Jaffa Road – Ohel Shlomo and Sha'arei Yerushalayim – and sold houses to individuals with easy payment terms.[5]

Ohel Shlomo was established in the spring of 1891 with a plan calling for the construction of 50 homes within two years – 20 homes fronting Jaffa Road and 30 homes on the adjacent field to the north.[6] The project was designed as an "open courtyard", with buildings on three sides and a water reservoir in the middle.[1] By 1892, 35 homes had been constructed,[7] and by 1897, 45.[6] In a 1916 census conducted by the office of the Histadrut, the number of homes in Ohel Shlomo had reached 56, with a total of 215 occupants.[8] According to Kroyanker, 145 homes were eventually built in the courtyard.[1] Among the residents of the neighborhood between 1920 and 1940 were three of Lipkin's sons and their families.[4]

School for the Blind

In 1902 the city's first school for the blind was established in Ohel Shlomo, for Jewish children ages 6 and up. In that era, infectious eye diseases were plaguing Jerusalem, and the school included in its curriculum the study of Torah and other subjects to ensure that the students, who had previously attended regular schools, would not fall behind in their classes. The language of instruction was Hebrew, and students also learned German. The school placed an emphasis on music and handicrafts, and students' work was sold throughout the city.[9]

The school for the blind operated in Ohel Shlomo for eight years, educating 42 students. Afterward it moved to the Street of the Prophets, next to the Rothschild Hospital.[9]

Jerusalem Light Rail construction

In planning the route of the Jerusalem Light Rail, which began construction in 2002, the city planning authority debated how to preserve the historic buildings that line Jaffa Road while at the same time accommodate passengers and train operations. While buildings such as Batei Saidoff, located across the street from Ohel Shlomo, were able to be preserved, the buildings of Ohel Shlomo that fronted Jaffa Road were determined to be beyond rehabilitation or preservation and were razed.[10] Architects created a physical reminder of the historic homes by erecting in their place a concrete memorial inlaid with the original door and window frames of the destroyed buildings. To emphasize the shape of the frames, the surrounding wall was plastered in shades of turquoise, terracotta, and ochre.[11]

Present-day landmarks

Synagogues and yeshivas

  • Amiel Synagogue, founded 1948
  • Yeshivat Ben Ish Chai for kabbalists, founded 1958

Soup kitchen

The neighborhood hosts the downtown Jerusalem branch of Colel Chabad’s United Soup Kitchens.[12]


  1. ^ a b c Kroyanker and Wahrman (1983), pp. 199–200.
  2. ^ Ben-Arieh (1979), pp. 276, 307.
  3. ^ Wager (1988), p. 221.
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ Ben-Arieh (1979), p. 274.
  6. ^ a b Ben-Arieh (1979), p. 276.
  7. ^ Ben-Arieh (1979), p. 277.
  8. ^ Ben-Arieh (1979), p. 319.
  9. ^ a b Ben-Arieh (1979), p. 340.
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.