World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Raiatea

Article Id: WHEBN0000765695
Reproduction Date:

Title: Raiatea  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Third voyage of James Cook, Kingdom of Bora Bora, List of islands of France, House of Teururai, Marae
Collection: Raiatea
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Raiatea

Raiatea
Native name: Ra'iātea
The islands of Bora Bora (top) Taha'a (middle) and Ra'iātea (bottom). Taha'a and Ra'iātea share the same lagoon.
Geography
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates
Archipelago Society Islands
Major islands Raiatea
Area 167.7 km2 (64.7 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,017 m (3,337 ft)
Highest point Mount Tefatua
Country
Overseas collectivity French Polynesia
Largest settlement 'Uturoa (pop. 3,778)
Demographics
Population 12,545[1]
Density 72 /km2 (186 /sq mi)

Ra'iātea, is the second largest of the Hawai'i, Aotearoa and other parts of East Polynesia started at Ra'iātea. A traditional name for the island is believed to be Havai'i.

Situated on the south east coast is the historical Taputapuātea which was established by 1000AD.

The main township on Ra'iātea is 'Uturoa, the administrative centre for the Leeward Islands (French Îles Sous-le-vent). There are also colleges which serve as the main educational location for secondary schools for students from the regional islands of Pora Pora, Taha'a, Huahine and Maupiti.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Geography and population 2
  • History 3
  • Transportation 4
  • Administration 5
  • Economy 6
  • Gallery 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • Further reading 10

Etymology

Taputapuātea marae, an ancient marae mentioned in the traditions of Polynesian peoples, including, for example, the Māori of Aotearoa, who regard this place as a sacred marae of their ancestors. This is where the Hawaiian voyaging canoe Hōkūle'a landed on her first voyage in 1976.

The proper spelling of the name in the Tahitian language is Ra'iātea, meaning bright sky; Ulieta is an obsolete transcription commonly used in the 19th century. The extinct Ulieta bird originated from this island, along with other unknown species, there is only one drawing of it in the world which is in the Natural History Museum London.

Geography and population

The islands of Ra'iātea and Taha'a are enclosed by a single coral reef, and may once have been a single island. Ra'iātea is both the largest and most populated island in the Leeward Islands, with a land area of 167.7 km2 (64.7 sq mi) and a total population of 12,024 inhabitants at the August 2007 census. The population density is 72 inhabitants per km². The largest commune of Ra'iātea is 'Uturoa on the north side of Ra'iātea and has a population of nearly 10,000.

History

The first European to record sighting Ra'iātea was Pedro Fernandez de Quirós in 1606; it was charted as Fugitiva.[2] The Polynesian navigator, Tupaia, who sailed with explorer James Cook, was born in Ra'iātea around 1725. Omai (c.1751-1780), another young man from Ra'iātea, travelled with European explorers to London in 1774 and also served as an interpreter to Captain Cook on his second and third journey.

King Tamatoa VI was the last monarch, reigning from 1884-1888.

Transportation

Ra'iātea has a small road that runs around the entire island. Ra'iātea Airport is an airport in 'Uturoa.

Administration

Flag of Raiatea

The island is divided into three administration communes (municipalities):

These three communes are inside the administrative subdivision of the Leeward Islands.

Economy

The island economy is mainly agricultural with exports of vanilla, pineapple and coconut. The plant Nono (or noni) (Morinda citrifolia) is also grown. Fa'aroa Valley is a large and important agricultural region with the rural economy and the cultivation of vanilla supported by a local research facility. Pearl farming is also an important industry while farming cattle, sheep and pigs has decreased. There is less tourism compared to the other islands in the archipelago. The local tourist infrastructure comprises boarding houses, two marinas, a four star hotel, The Hawaiki Nui and a port for visiting cruise ships. There is also a fledgling local industry in the maintenance of yachts and shipbuilding. The main source of employment is the island's public service and the consumer market.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Institut Statistique de Polynésie Française (ISPF). "Recensement de la population 2007" (PDF) (in Français). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-12-03. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  2. ^ Burney, James A chronological history of the discoveries in the South Sea or Pacific Ocean London, 1803, vII, p.326.

Further reading

  • "48 hours live to tell. Black wave". CBS News. 29 May 2010. Retrieved 2013-07-27. We had just left an island called Ra'iātea, which was about 300 miles west of Tahiti. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.