World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Religion in Jordan

Article Id: WHEBN0006262011
Reproduction Date:

Title: Religion in Jordan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Demographics of Jordan, Islam in Jordan, Health in Jordan, Religion in the Middle East, Religion in Jordan
Collection: Religion in Jordan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Religion in Jordan

King Abdullah I Mosque at night in capital Amman. The royal family of Jordan, the Hashemites, adheres to Sunni branch of Islam.

Jordan is a majority Muslim country with 94% of the population following Sunni Islam while a small minority follow Shia Islam and fewer than 800 are Bahá'ís. There are also about 20,000 to 32,000 Druze living mostly in the north of Jordan. Jordan also has a Christian minority, making up 6% of the population, mainly Greek Orthodox or Catholic.[1]

There are no legal restrictions on Jews, but in 2006 there were reported to be no Jewish citizens.[2] Bahá'ís[3] and religious minorities practice freely in Jordan, however, with specific restrictions.

Contents

  • Distribution 1
  • Social life 2
  • Religious freedom 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Distribution

The percentages vary slightly in different cities and regions, for instance the south of Jordan and cities like Zarqa have the highest percentage of Muslims, while Amman, Irbid, Madaba, Salt, and Karak have larger Christian communities than the national average, and the towns of Fuheis, Al Husn and Ajloun have either majority Christian or much greater than national average. Several villages have mixed Christian/Muslim populations, like Kufranja and Raimoun in the north.

Christians made up 30% of the Jordanian population in 1950.[4] However, emigration to the European Union, Canada and the United States has significantly decreased the Christian percentage of the country's population.[4]

Anglicans/Episcopalians in Jordan are under the oversight of the Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem. The Church of the Redeemer is the largest congregation by membership of any church in the entire Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem. Other Episcopal churches are in Ashrafiyya, Salt, Zarqa, Marka refugee camp, Irbid, Al Husn and Aqaba.

Social life

In general, Muslims and Christians live together with no major problems regarding differences and discrimination. However, the smallest minorities, consisting of small Shia, Bahá'ís, and Druze contingents, experience the greatest degree of religious discrimination from the government.[5] Examples include instances of rejection by the Jordanian government to recognize members of the Bahá'í Faith and the Anglican Church.[6]

Religious freedom

The state religion is Islam, but the constitution provides for the freedom to practice one's religion in accordance with the customs that are observed in the Kingdom, unless they violate public order or morality.

Some issues, however, such as religious conversion, are controversial. Although conversion to Islam is relatively free of legal complications, those wishing to leave Islam risk the loss of civil rights and face immense societal pressure. Among the restrictions against religious minorities are:[7]

  • Various reports of anti-Semitism
  • Jordan's government may deny recognition to a religion
  • Some religious communities cannot receive national IDs
  • Bahá'ís cannot register their property
  • Bahá'ís are not permitted to establish schools, places of worship or cemeteries
  • Aside from Christians, all other non-Muslim minorities do not have their own courts to adjudicate personal status and family matters
  • Christian missionaries may not evangelize to Muslims

In June 2006, the government published the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in the government's Official Gazette. Article 18 of that Covenant provides freedom of religion.

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ US Department of State (2006), International Religious Freedom Report 2006. [1]
  3. ^ البهائيون في الأردن
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ The Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs at Georgetown University: Religious Freedom in Jordan
  6. ^ الداخليةالطائفة البهائية تتقدم بطلب اعتراف من
  7. ^ Reports on Religious Freedom: Jordan (2000)



This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.