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Royal Anthem

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Royal Anthem

"Royal Anthem" redirects here. For the racehorse, see Royal Anthem (horse).

The honors music for a person, office or rank is music played on formal or ceremonial occasions in the presence of the person, office-holder, or rank-holder, especially by a military band. The head of state in many countries is honored with a prescribed piece of music; in some countries the national anthem serves this purpose, while others have a separate royal, presidential, or, historically, imperial anthem. Other officials may also have anthems, such as the vice-regal salute in several Commonwealth realms for the governor-general, governor, or lieutenant governor. Ruffles and flourishes may be played instead of, or preceding, honors music.

Current honors music

Countries where the national anthem is also the royal anthem include Malaysia,[1] the Netherlands,[2] New Zealand, Norfolk Island, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The Jamaican National Anthem is played for the Governor-General of Jamaica.[3]

Instances of honors music other than the relevant national anthem include the following:

Country Office/rank Music Notes
Australia Monarch "God Save the Queen"[4]
Other Royal Family members "God Save the Queen" First six bars only.
Governor-general, governors Vice-regal salute[4] The first and last four bars of "Advance Australia Fair", the national anthem.[4]
Brazil President "Continências ao Presidente da República" Introduction and final chords of the Brazilian National Anthem. Only applicable at military ceremonies.[5]
Canada Monarch, consort "God Save the Queen"[6] For a pipe band, "Mallorca" is played instead.
Other Royal Family members The first six bars of "God Save the Queen".[6] For a pipe band, "Mallorca" is played instead.
Governor general, lieutenant governors "Salute to the Governor General/Lieutenant Governor", commonly called the Vice Regal Salute The first six bars of "God Save The Queen" immediately followed by the first four and last four bars of "O Canada", the national anthem. For a pipe band, a combination of "Mallorca" and "O Canada" is played instead.[6]
Czech Republic President "Fanfares from Libuše (opera)" Fanfares are from Overture of the opera
Denmark Monarch "Kong Christian stod ved højen mast" "King Christian stood by the lofty mast"
Finland Commander-in-Chief of the Finnish Defence Forces (normally the President) "Porilaisten marssi" "March of the people from Pori"
Haiti President "Chant Nationale" "National Song". Poem by Oswald Durand, set to music by Occide Jeanty in 1893 to serve as a national anthem; replaced by "La Dessalinienne" in 1904.[7]
Ireland President "Presidential Salute" The first four and last five bars of "Amhrán na bhFiann", the national anthem[8]
Taoiseach "Amhrán Dóchais" "Song of Hope". Words by Osborn Bergin, to a traditional air arranged by Aloys Fleischmann.[9]
Luxembourg Monarch "De Wilhelmus" A variant of "Het Wilhelmus", the national and royal anthem of the Netherlands
Malaysia Raja Permaisuri Agong; Yang di-Pertua Negeri Abridged version of the National Anthem Consisting of first and last sections.[1] Played before the relevant state's anthem[1] if the salute is for the Yang di-Pertua Negeri.
State monarchs Short version of "Negaraku" (the national anthem) Consisting of last section. Played after the relevant state's anthem. Only may be played if the state monarch present representing the King.[1]
Netherlands Members of the Royal House; Governor of the Netherlands Antilles and Governor of Aruba "Het Wilhelmus" The national anthem.[2]
Various officials not entitled to "Het Wilhelmus".[fn 1] "De Jonge Prins van Friesland" [2] Ministers used the national anthem till Queen Beatrix objected in 1986.[10]
New Zealand Monarch "God Save the Queen"[11] Also one of two national anthems, the other being "God Defend New Zealand"[11]
Governor General "Salute to the Governor General" The first six bars of "God Save the Queen"[12] The anthem may also be played in full.[11]
Norway Monarch "Kongesangen" "The King's Song"; an adaptation of "God Save the Queen" and set to the same tune.
Philippines President "Mabuhay"[13] The word mabuhay means "long live". The music is by Tito Cruz, Jr.[14]
Republic of Korea General-rank Officer Star March Abriged version
President BongWhang modified version of Star March,played during Military Parade attend by the President
Singapore President "Abridged version of Majulah Singapura" First six bars only.[15]
Spain Monarch "La Marcha Real"
Prince of Asturias Short version of "La Marcha Real" Played without the repeated bars.
Sweden Monarch "Kungssången" "The King's Song"
Thailand Monarch, crown prince "Phleng Sansoen Phra Barami"[16] "The song of glorifying His Majesty's prestige". Former national anthem, still played before shows in cinemas and theatres. "Sadudee Maharacha" (สดุดีมหาราชา "Hymn to the Great King") is often played afterwards when the King and Queen are present.[17]
Senior royalty "Maha Chai" "Grand Victory." It may be also used for the Prime Minister in very formal situations.[17]
Lesser royalty "Maha Roek" "Grand Auspice". It may be also used for provincial governors in very formal situations.[17]
United States President "Hail to the Chief"[18]
Vice President "Hail Columbia"[18]
Various officials[fn 2] "Honors March 1" 32-bar medley of "Stars and Stripes Forever"[18]
Army officers ranked major general and higher "General's March"[18] "Honors March 2"
Navy officers ranked rear admiral and higher "Admiral's March"[18] "Honors March 3"
Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard officers ranked major general and higher "Flag Officer's March"[18] "Honors March 4"

Historical anthems

From the nineteenth century, a new Ottoman imperial anthem was usually composed for each Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.

Country Office Anthem Notes
Kingdom of Afghanistan Monarch "Shahe ghajur-o-mehrabane ma" ("Our Brave and Dear King") Used from 1943 until the abolition of the monarchy in 1973.
Principality of Albania/Albanian Kingdom Monarch "Himni i Flamurit"
("Hymn to the Flag")
The royal anthem until the abolition of the monarchy in 1943, now the national anthem.
Austrian Empire/Austria-Hungary Monarch "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser"
("God Save Emperor Francis")
Used with updated words for later Emperors until the abolition of the monarchy in 1918.
Kingdom of Bavaria Monarch "Königsstrophe"
("King's Stanza")
An earlier version of the current state anthem glorifying the King.
Empire of Brazil Monarch "Hino da Independência"
("Hymn of Independence")
Used between 1822 and 1831. The current national anthem was used for the rest of the empire's existence.
Kingdom of Bulgaria Monarch "Anthem of His Majesty the Tsar" Royal anthem until 1944.
Empire of China (Qing dynasty) Monarch
Empire of China (1915–1916) Emperor Yuan Shikai "Zhong guo xiong li yu zhou jian"
("中國雄立宇宙間"; "China Heroically Stands in the Universe")
Ethiopian Empire House of Solomon "Ityopp'ya Hoy"
("Ethiopia be happy")
Kingdom of Egypt Muhammad Ali Dynasty "Salam Affandina"
("Royal Anthem of Egypt")
Kingdom of France (c.1590-1789 & 1815-1848) King of France and Navarre "Marche Henri IV"
("Henry IV March")
"Vive la France, Vive le roi Henri" until 1789, "Vive le princes, et le bon roi Louis" after 1815
Kingdom of France (1791–1792) King of France and Navarre "La Nation, la Loi, le Roi"
("The Nation, the Law, the King")
First French Empire (1804–1815) Napoleon I, Napoleon II "Chant du Départ"
("Song of the Departure")
"Chant du Départ" until 1815,
Second French Empire (1852–1870) Napoleon III "Partant pour la Syrie"
("Departing for Syria")
Kingdom of Greece Monarch "Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν"
("Hymn to Liberty")
The royal anthem until the abolition of the monarchy in 1974, now the national anthem.
Kingdom of Hawaii Monarch
Iran (Qajar) Shah "Salamati-ye Shah"
("Health of the Shah")
Iran (Pahlavi) Shah "Sorood-e Shahanshahi Iran"
("Imperial Salute of Iran")
Kingdom of Iraq Monarch "Es Salam al-Malaky"
("The Royal Salute")
Kingdom of Italy Monarch "Marcia Reale d'Ordinanza"
("Royal March of Ordinance")
No official words. Used until the abolition of the monarchy in 1946.
Korean Empire Monarch "Daehan Jeguk Aegukga"
("대한 제국 애국가"; "Patriotic Song of the Korean Empire")
Kingdom of Laos Monarch "Pheng Xat Lao" An earlier version of the current national anthem.
Kingdom of Libya King Idris "Libya, Libya, Libya" This anthem was readopted by the National Transitional Council in 2011, as the national anthem, with the verse glorifying King Idris omitted.
Kingdom of Madagascar Monarch "Andriamanitra ô"
("O Lord")
Glorifies the Malagasy sovereign.
Principality of Montenegro/Kingdom of Montenegro Monarch "Ubavoj nam Crnoj Gori"
("To our Beautiful Montenegro")
Glorifies the Prince/King.
Kingdom of Nepal Monarch "Rastriya Gaan"
("May Glory Crown our Illustrious Sovereign")
Used between 1962 and 2006.
Ottoman Empire Monarch
  • "Mahmudiye" (1808–39 and 1918–22)
  • "Mecidiye March" (1839–61)
  • "Aziziye March" (1861–76)
  • "Hamadiye" (1876-1909)
  • "Reşadiye" (1909–18)
Kingdom of Portugal Monarch "O Hino da Carta"
("Hymn to the Charter")
Used from 1834 until the abolition of the monarchy in 1910.
Prussia/German Empire King of Prussia/German Emperor "Heil dir im Siegerkranz"
("Hail to Thee in Victor's Crown")
Kingdom of Romania Monarch "Trăiască Regele"
("Long Live the King")
Russian Empire Monarch "Боже, Царя храни"
("God Save The Tsar!")
The national anthem until the abolition of monarchy—still used by some descendants of white émigrés.
Principality of Serbia/Kingdom of Serbia Monarch "Bože pravde"
("Lord of Justice")
An earlier version of the current national anthem glorifying the Prince/King.
Sweden Gustav III "Gustafs skål"
("Toast to Gustaf")
Kingdom of Tunisia Monarch "Salam al-Bey"
("Beylical Salute")
Empire of Vietnam Monarch "Đăng đàn cung"
("Melody on the Ascent to the Esplanade")
Kingdom of Yemen Monarch "Salam al-Malaky"
("Royal Salute")
No official words.
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Monarch "National Anthem of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia"
Sultanate of Zanzibar Monarch "March for the Sultan of Zanzibar" No words.

Notes

References

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