Tokelau

Tokelau
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Motto: "Tokelau mo te Atua" (Tokelauan)
"Tokelau for the Almighty"
Anthem: God Save the Queen
Status Territory of New Zealand
Capital N/A[a]
Largest city Fakaofo[b]
Official languages
Demonym Tokelauan
Government Constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  Administrator Jonathan Kings
 -  Head of Government Siopili Perez
New Zealand territory
 -  Tokelau Act 1948 
Area
 -  Total 10 km2 (233rd)
3.86 sq mi
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  October 2011 census 1,411[b] (237th)
 -  Density 115/km2 (86th)
298/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 1993 estimate
 -  Total $1.5 million (227th)
 -  Per capita $1,035 (not ranked)
Currency New Zealand dollar (NZD)
Time zone (UTC+13[1])
Drives on the left
Calling code +690
ISO 3166 code TK
Internet TLD .tk
a. ^ Each atoll has its own administrative centre.
b. ^ Final count for 2011 Tokelau Census of Population and Dwellings, Statistics New Zealand. The Census population figure of 1,411 includes 268 usual residents of Tokelau who were absent on census night.
Some data from the World Factbook (2004).

Tokelau is a territory of New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean that consists of three tropical coral atolls (from the northwest, Atafu, Nukunonu and Fakaofo, as well as Swains Island which is governed as part of American Samoa) with a combined land area of 10 km2 (4 sq mi) and a population of approximately 1,400. Its capital rotates yearly between the three atolls.[2] Tokelau lies north of the Samoan Islands, Swains Island being the nearest, east of Tuvalu, south of the Phoenix Islands, southwest of the more distant Line Islands, and northwest of the Cook Islands.

The United Nations General Assembly designates Tokelau a Non-Self-Governing Territory.[3] Until 1976, the official name was Tokelau Islands.[4] It is a New Zealand territory, and is sometimes referred to by its older colonial name, the Union Islands.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Geography 2
  • Environment 3
  • History 4
    • Western discovery and contact 4.1
    • Time zone 4.2
  • Government 5
  • Politics 6
  • Economy 7
    • Internet domain names 7.1
    • Solar power 7.2
  • Demographics 8
  • Sport 9
  • Healthcare and education 10
  • Communications and transportation 11
  • Cyclone Percy 12
  • See also